注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

紫霞仙客的博客

我和我的女儿 我和我的学生

 
 
 

日志

 
 

Unit4 Earthquakes5  

2009-12-11 13:15:47|  分类: 高一英语必修1 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Period 5 Using Language

 

唐山大地震

 

从容说课

This is the fifth teaching period of this unit. The teacher can first check the homework and review what they learned in the last lesson. Some sentences which contain attributive clauses should be translated for revision.

The emphasis of this period is laid on developing the students’ writing ability. This is a best way to test if the students have mastered what they have learned. The task Reading and speaking on Page 30 includes two parts:The first part including 1-2 gives students practice in writing a short acceptance speech. Step 2 clearly outlines what students should include in their speeches. Be sure to have students consider who their audience is and how they choose their words and manner of speaking. This part is a bit challenging for students, but very practical. It requires students to put what they have learned into daily use, which is the real purpose of language learning. The teacher should instruct students in order to make it sound formal. The second part, that is, Step 3 gives students practice in discussing in groups what had to be done to rebuild a city after an earthquake. Students should have their discussion after looking at the design of the new Tangshan stamps.

As to the part Reading and writing on Pages 31-32, the teacher should first get the students to read the brief description about how to write a newspaper story and then have them compare a newspaper story to a short story. Explain to students that a newspaper needs a headline to attract the reader’s attention since the reader may not have bought the newspaper before they read the headline. Newspaper stories and short stories are organized very differently. Usually a short story begins with small details and includes big details later. A newspaper story does just the opposite. Both kinds of stories use paragraphs with main ideas. The point-of-view in a good newspaper story is objective(i. e. it has no point-of-view)while a short story is subjective(i. e. has a point-of-view). A newspaper story has no conclusion; a short story generally does. After understanding all the above, students are required to prepare the outline for a short newspaper story for China Daily. Writing is a higher stage of language learning. The teacher should frequently give students some assignments of writing. Only in this way, can students use what they have learned more freely.

教学重点

Doevelop the students’ writing ability by writing a speech and preparing the outline for a short newspaper story for China Daily.

教学难点

Get the students to learn how to write a good speech and a good newspaper story.

教学方法

1. Task-based teaching and learning

2. Cooperative learning

3. Discussion

教具准备

A projector and other normal teaching tools

三维目标

Knowledge aims:

1. Get the students to know how to write a speech according to an invitation.

2. Get the students to know the differences between a newspaper story and a short story.

3. Get the students to know how to prepare the outline for a newspaper story.

Ability aims:

1. Develop the students’ writing ability.

2. Get the students to learn how to write a good speech and a good newspaper story.

Emotional aims:

1. Enable the students to master writing skills and write excellent speeches and newspaper stories.

2. Let the students honor those who died in the Tangshan earthquake and those who helped the survivors by making speech.

教学过程

设计方案

→Step 1 Revision

1. Check the homework exercises.

2. Translate the following sentences, using attributive clauses.

1)她说她的父母不许她嫁给家境贫寒的人。

2)他们谈论了许多他们所记得的大学里的人和事。

3)正在那儿唱歌的女孩是我的妹妹。

4)这就是你上次参观的博物馆吗?

5)她正在写字用的那支钢笔是我的。

Ask five students to come to the front and write their sentence on the blackboard. Then check the answers with the whole class.

Suggested answers:

1)She said her parents wouldn’t let her marry anyone whose family was poor.

2)They talked about a lot of persons and things(that)they could remember at college.

3)The girl who/that is singing over there is my younger sister.

4)Is this museum the one(that)you visited last time?

5)The pen with which she is writing is mine. /The pen( which/that)she is writing with is mine.

→Step 2 Reading and writing

1. Read the letter on Page 30. In the blank at the beginning of the letter, write the last number of the year it is now and in the blank near the end of the letter, use a word to say how many years ago the earthquake happened.

2. Imagine you are the student who was invited to give a speech. Discuss with your partner what points you should include in you speech. Make a list of the points you think you should include.

3. Read through the points given at the bottom of the Page 30 and compare them with yours.

4. Fifteen minutes given, write a short speech.

While the students are writing their speech, the teacher walks around the classroom and help students deal with any problems that they may have.

Fifteen minutes later, ask some students to make their speech, facing the whole class.

Sample speech 1:

Good morning, everyone. My name is Wang Gang. First of all I would like to thank Mr Zhang Sha and the city of Tangshan for the honor of talking to you. I would also like to thank each of you for coming here today for this special occasion. I’m sure all of us are glad to see that so many people who were hurt in the quake or lost their homes and businesses are here today. We are also glad to see so many of the workers here who helped during that terrible disaster. Everyone is so proud of all of you. Did you know that some of the survivors helped others before they helped themselves? It’s true:many thousands of survivors worked hard to save others and to make them feel more comfortable. Soldiers worked hour after hour, day after day, almost without rest to help those who needed it. We are so thankful to them as well. Now we see around us a new city, but the spirit of its people has always been strong. How lucky I feel to live in such a place and to see this beautiful new park where families can come to enjoy nature. This park also honors the survivors of the quake and those who saved them. It honors the many thousands who rebuilt our city. We are indeed the “Brave City of China”. Thank you.

Sample speech 2:

Ladies and gentlemen,

Good morning. It’s my great honor to be give the chance to give the speech. First I’d like to thank Mr. Zhang and the city government for inviting me to speak. I’d also like to thank all of you for attending this special activity.

Everyone knows that this park will be opened to honor those who died in the terrible disaster on this day 31 years ago. We should say that all of you are very lucky to have survived. But never can we forget those who helped you do the rescue work. They dug out those who had been trapped and buried the dead. Most of the 10 000 miners who had been trapped underground were rescued. They also helped build the new city. They built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. They built new homes and offices in only seven years. The United Nations honored them for their quick work. While doing the rescue work and rebuilding the city of Tangshan, many workers and soldiers lost their lives. We should show our greatest honor to them.

When I first arrived in the city yesterday, I came to understand why Tangshan was called “Brave City of China”. What you have done made the whole world surprised. Look at the tall buildings and the beautiful environment. There is little trance of the terrible earthquake. How brave you are! All the people in the world should learn from you. I think you should always be proud of the city.

Thank you.

→Step 3 Looking and discussing

1. Look at the stamps of new Tandshan and talk about them.

(housing conditions, street scenery, industry, ocean transport)

2. Discuss in pairs what had to be done to rebuild a city after an earthquake.

 

→Step 4 Writing

1. Talk about how to write a newspaper story.

2. Compare a newspaper story to a short story.

3. Discuss the questions with your partner:

1)Why is an outline important?

2)What should an outline include?

3)Why is a headline important?

4)What are the steps to finish a newspaper story?

5)What is the feature of a newspaper story?

Suggested answers:

1)Because an outline will prepare you to write a better story. It helps you to choose a topic, decide what you what to say about the topic and organize your ideas and write clearly.

2)A good outline should have a headline, a list of main ideas and a list of important details.

3)A headline can tell the readers what the topic is, so it can attract the readers’ attention since the reader may not have bought the newspaper before they read the headline.

4)First you give a headline, then you organize the main ideas into paragraphs. Next, you put some details into each paragraph.

5)A newspaper story gives the most important news first and the least important news last.

4. Read this example of a newspaper story. Work in groups of three or four. Try to find the headline, main ideas and details of each paragraph.

After several minutes, the teacher asks some students to answer the following questions:

1)What is the headline of the newspaper story?

2)What are the main ideas of each paragraph?

3)What is the detailed information of each paragraph?

5. Turn to Page 32. Check your main ideals and detailed information.

6. Discuss with your partner and prepare the outline for a short newspaper story for China Daily. Use the example to help you organize your outline.

Give the students 10 minutes for them to prepare the outline and write their article on the outline. If time doesn’t permit, they can finish it after class.

→Step 5 Homework

1. Finish off the workbook exercises.

2. Finish the outline and write out the newspaper story.

 

板书设计

Unit 4 Earthquakes

Writing

*An outline helps you to:

choose a topic;

decide what you want to say about the topic;

organize your ideas and write clearly.

*A newspaper outline should have:

a headline;

a list of main ideas;

a list of important details.

*Discuss the questions with your partner:

1. Why is an outline important?

2. What should an outline include?

3. Why is a headline important?

4. What are the steps to finish a newspaper story?

5. What is the feature of a newspaper story?

 

活动与探究

For most of human history, people could only imagine what caused earthquakes to happen. There are many folk stories about this.

1. Work in groups to go to the library, get online or visit old persons to collect information, then make up your short story to explain how an earthquake happens.

2. Share your story with your classmates. Decide which one is the most interesting. Give a reason.

Sample stories:

Story 1:

There are four very big elephants which hold up the earth. The elephants stand on the back of a bigger turtle. The turtle stands on an even bigger snake. When any of these huge magical animals move, the earth begins to shake, and an earthquake happens.

Story 2:

In the center of the earth lives an evil ghost. He usually sleeps for many years. During these years, people on the earth live a happy life. But when he wakes up, he shall howl. And then people feel an earthquake.

Story 3:

Some people believe that there is a magic world in the center of our earth, where lives a kind of wiser living thing. They can make UFO. When the UFO comes out to visit our world, there is an earthquake.

Story 4:

There are too many people on the earth, and people are building too many buildings. Besides, they dig too many and too deep holes. The earth can’t stand. She shakes, and an earthquake happens.

备课资料

Questions and Answers about Earthquakes

1. What is the biggest earthquake ever recorded?

The largest earthquake recorded in the world in the last 200 years was the 1960 magnitude 9. 5 earthquake in Chile. It caused 5700 deaths and created a large tsunami. It is the largest earthquake to be recorded by modern instruments and ruptured over 700 km of fault line with slip of about 20 m. It was the first real confirmation that the whole earth rings like a bell after a big earthquake.

2. What are foreshocks?

Foreshocks are earthquakes that occur up to days or weeks prior to a large earthquake. Scientists are currently unable to tell the difference between foreshocks and normal background seism until the large earthquake has happened. However, the fact that many large earthquakes do have foreshocks, indicates that something unusual is happening before the large events and gives us hope that one day we will be able to detect what this unusual activity is.

3. How long does an earthquake last?

People who have just felt an earthquake often ask how long it lasted. What they really want to know is how long they felt the shaking. This depends on the size of the earthquake and their distance from it, because earthquake waves spread out as they travel, but also become weaker. A magnitude 6 earthquake several hundred kilometers away can be often felt for 30-40 seconds. The actual duration of slip on the earthquake fault is usually quite brief—just a few seconds for a magnitude 6 for example. This is because the fault rupture spreads very quickly(at about the S wave speed), so the whole process of faulting is over every quickly. During the very large earthquakes, fault rupture can continue for up to 5 minutes as the rupture spreads over a length of ray 1000 km. For these earthquakes very high levels of aftershocks mean that the ground can be felt shaking continuously for some hours.

4. How can we reduce the losses of an earthquake?

Before the earthquake strikes

Develop an earthquake-specific family plan?

If you are at risk from earthquakes:

Pick “safe places” in each room of your home. A safe place could be under a study table or desk or against an interior wall away from windows, bookcases, or tall furniture that could fall on you. Also pick safe places in your office, school and other buildings you are frequently in.

Practice drop, cover and hold-on in each safe place twice a year. Drop under a study desk or table and hold on to one leg of the table or desk. Protect your eyes by keeping your head down.

Wait in your safe place until the shaking stops, then check to see if you are hurt, then check the people around you. Be on the lookout for fires. Fire is the most common earthquake-related hazard.

If you must leave a building after the shaking stops, use the stairs, not the elevator.

If you are outside in an earthquake, stay outside. Move away from building, trees, streetlights and power lines.

Everyone in your home should know what to do if an earthquake occurs.

Get training. Take a first aid class and get training on how to use a fire extinguisher(灭火器).

Talk with your insurance agent. Study locations of active faults and if you are at risk, consider purchasing earthquake insurance.

During an earthquake

Drop, cover and hold on! Move only a few steps to a nearby safe place.

If you are in bed, hold on and stay there, protecting your head with a pillow.

If you are outdoors, find a clear spot away from buildings, trees, streetlights and power lines. Drop to the ground and stay there until the shaking stops.

If you are in a vehicle, pull over to a clear location, stop and stay there with your seatbelt fastened until the shaking has stopped. Once the shaking has stopped, proceed with caution. Avoid bridges or ramps that might have been damaged by the quake.

Stay away from windows.

In a high-rise building, check for and extinguish small fires and if exciting, use the stairs.

If you are in a coastal area, move to high ground. Tsunamis are often created by earthquakes.

If you are in a mountainous area or near unstable slopes or cliffs, be alert for falling rocks and other debris that could be loosened by the earthquake. Landslides commonly happen after earthquakes.

After the earthquake

Check yourself for injuries before caring for others.

After you have taken care of yourself, help injured or trapped persons. If you have it in your area, call 9-1-1, then give first aid when appropriate.

Look for and extinguish small fires. Put out small fires quickly, using available resources.

Open closet and cabinet doors cautiously.

Inspect your home for damage. Get everyone out if your home is unsafe. Aftershocks following earthquakes can cause further damage to unstable buildings.

Help neighbors who may require special assistance. Elderly people and people with disabilities may require additional assistance.

Listen to a portable, battery-operated radio(or TV)for updated emergency information and instructions.

Expect aftershocks. Aftershocks frequently occur minutes, days, weeks and even months following an earthquake.

Watch out for fallen power lines or broken gas lines, and stay out of damaged areas.

Stay out of damaged buildings. If you are away from home, return only when authorities say it is safe.

Use battery-powered lanterns or flashlights to inspect your home.

Take pictures of the damage, both to the house and its contents, for insurance claims.

Avoid smoking inside buildings.

When entering buildings, be extremely careful.

Check for gas leaks.

Check for sewage and water line damage. If you suspect sewage lines are damaged, avoid using the toilets and call a plumber. If water pipes are damaged, contact the water company and avoid using water from the tap.

Use the telephone only to report life-threatening emergencies.

Watch animals closely. The behavior of pets may change dramatically after an earthquake.

  评论这张
 
阅读(406)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017