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紫霞仙客的博客

我和我的女儿 我和我的学生

 
 
 

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Unit 2:Reaching Out Across The Ocean  

2009-07-31 23:43:07|  分类: 高三英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 高中英语语法第二部分第五讲:倒装

 

 

The Third & Fourth Periods Reading

Teaching goals:

1. Words and expressions:

Curious, wealthy, in exchange for, central position, ambassador, existence, accurate, exist, ripe,

command, renew, expedition.

2. Enable the students to know Chinese contribution to world exploration in the 15th century.

3. Develop the students’ ability of basic reading strategies of bottom-up and top-down.

Students will understand the great contribution Zheng He had made to the world, thus they may take

these national heroes as example and follow them.

Teaching important points:

the explorers’ great contribution to world trade and economy.

Teaching difficult points:

Guide the students to pick out the main clue of the passage and the development method of the text.

Teaching methods:

team-work learning; task-based learning.

Teaching aids:

a projector and some slides.

高中英语语法第二部分第六讲:状语从句

 

 

Teaching procedures:

Step Ⅰ Revision

Check the homework exercises.

Step Ⅱ Lead-in

Task: Know about great explorers

Please look at the quiz and tick true or false after your reading.

1. Zheng He was a great explorer of the Ming Dynasty. His expedition to the

 Indian Ocean was 87 years later than Columbus’s exploration to the Atlantic Ocean.                             (F)

2. Zheng He’s purpose of expedition was to make trade and show friendship to

 other lands while Columbus was to seek treasure.                                                                              (T)

3. Marco Polo traveled from Italy to China and they stayed in the Ming court for

a long time. After that, they wrote stories about their travels in the Far East. Europeans were so inspired by Marco Polo’s accounts that they began searching

for sea routes to China, Japan, and the East  

India.    (F)                                                                                                                      

Step Ⅲ Pre-Reading

Task Background information input.

Discuss the questions on page 12 and make presentations.

Sa: In the Ming Dynasty, the passage to the west, where now the central Asia stands, was controlled by Mongols. When the Mongols’ court was overrun by the

 Ming government, the two powers were unfriendly to each other. As a result, it was almost impossible for the merchants or ambassadors to cross the passage to the west.

Sb: Gan Ying, a great explorer and ambassador of the Han Dynasty, took the

route of the silk Road over land to accomplish a mission given by the Han emperor. He reached many countries along the Silk Road, though he was not able to arrive at his estimated destination—Da Qin.

Sc: Zheng He, a national hero, was famous for his seven voyages across the

 Indian Ocean, which established China’s rule of the sea in 15th century.

 Why did they search for sea routes from China while routes over land were shorter and already existed? 

 Maybe the routes over land were too dangerous

because of war and robbers.

  Maybe trade by sea also allowed merchants to take

more goods.

 

Unit 2:Reading - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

Unit 2:Reading - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Step Ⅳ While-Reading

 Read through the text with the following  questions:

  1. How did ancient people hear about far-away civilisations, and what made them decide to go and look

 for them?     From travel stories.

Give two examples.  Marco Polo and Du Huan’s Record

 of my Travels.

2. Which words are used in the text to indicate direction?

East, west, westward, central, westernmost, middle, etc.

 What conclusion about the topic of the text can you draw based on their usage?      Trade and exploration between

the East and the West.  

Read the text carefully with the following questions:

 1. The text is mainly about ______.        A. how the Silk Road was formed

   B. how China developed trading relations   with Arabic countries

   C. Zheng He’s expeditions across the Indian  ocean.

  D. the history of China’s opening to the outside world

 2. The small bronze stature of a lion  found in Shanga most probably  came from ______.

    A. China     B. Rome   C. Greece     D. London

 3. Which of the following can be inferred  from the text?

   A. Columbus’ exploration was stopped for

        economic reasons.  B. No accurate maps of the countries around  the Indian Ocean existed

 before Zhen He.   C. In the Ming Dynasty China had the most  powerful navy in the world.

   D. The giraffe was an animal that could not  be found in China in the Ming Dynasty.

 4. Who does “The Chinese Columbus” refer to?  A.The Ming emperor.

    B.Du Huan. C.The Chinese ambassador. D.Zheng He.

 5. “In the east,China prospered  under a new dynasty”. The  underlined part refers to____. 

    A.the Han Dynasty  B.the Song Dynasty C.the Qin Dynasty  D.the Ming Dynasty

Task one  Predicting according to the title.

Please look at the title of the reading material and guess who reached out across the ocean. Why did they reach

out across the ocean?

Task two :Read the first paragraph and answer the following questions:

1. What formed the foundation of mankind’s interest

in exploration?

 Trade and curiosity formed the foundation of mankind’s interest in exploration. 

2. What was Columbus’ purpose of searching for the wealthy Asian lands?

 His purpose of searching was to  seek treasure.

3. Which ocean does “Western Ocean” refer to?

 It refers to part of the Pacific  Ocean west of Brunei

 and part of the Indian Ocean along the coast.

4. Guess who explored the Western Ocean before Columbus?

 Many people explored the Western  Ocean, among

whom Zheng He was  the most famous.

Task three :Predict the main idea of the whole passage.

( The passage is mainly about the explorers from China and other lands who explored the Indian Ocean before Columbus.)

Task four :Survey

Read paragraph 2 to paragraph 5 and answer the

following questions:

1. In the Han Dynasty, who traveled over land to the East Roman Empire?

 In the Han Dynasty, Gan Ying traveled over land to the East Roman      Empire.

2. Between the Han and early Tang Dynasty, which part

 of Africa developed into the world trade center?

 Between the Han and the early Tang  Dynasty, Swahili kingdoms and the  islands off the African coast developed  into the world trade centre.

3. During the Tang Dynasty which traveler wrote Record

 of My Travels?

During the Tang Dynasty Du Huan wrote Record of My Travels.

4. Before the Song Dynasty which means of transport

did Chinese travelers mainly use?

 Before the Song Dynasty Chinese travelers mainly traveled over land.

5. In the eleventh century, who made several voyages to the court of the Song Dynasty?

In the eleventh century, the Africans    made several voyages to the court of    the Song Dynasty.

Task five :Generalize the main idea of each paragraph.

Thesis sentence: Many great explorers made expeditions across the Indian Ocean long before Columbus, among whom Zheng He was the most prominent.

Main idea (before Zheng He) P2

China had contacts with countries along the Indian

Ocean from the early time, and during ancient time explorers had begun to contact with each other.

Main idea (before Zheng He) P3

Between the Han and the early Tang Dynasty, Swahili kingdoms and the islands off the African coast developed into the world trade centre and attracted merchants from

 the world.

Main idea (before Zheng He) P4

During the Tang Dynasty, Du Huan, who traveled to many lands, wrote the book Record of My Travels.

Main idea (before Zheng He) P5

In the eleventh century, the Africans made several voyages to the court of the Song Dynasty.

Main idea (after Zheng He) P6

By the beginning of the fifteenth century the time was

ripe for a grand meeting.

Main idea (after Zheng He) P7

In the years between 1405 and 1433, under the command of Zheng He, seven large treasure fleets sailed westwards

 on voyages of trade and exploration.

Main idea (after Zheng He) P8

Zheng He renewed relations with the kingdoms of the

East African coast.

Main idea (after Zheng He) P9

The fleet made several expeditions before the exploration was stopped.

 V  Reading comprehension:

1. Who were / was the earliest   explorer/s of the Western Ocean?

    A. Marco Polo   B. Christopher Columbus   C. European explorers   D. Brave merchants

 2. Through the Silk Road, China got ______ from other countries.

    A. spices and glasses  B. silk  C. weapons  D. milk

 3. An African king gave rhinoceros  horns to China in order to _____.

    A. make money B. stop the war C. show his friendship D. award the Ambassador

 4. Which of the following became  the world’s trading center over a  few centuries after Han Dynasty?

    A. Ceylon B. India  C. Swahili kingdoms D. Egypt

 5. In Du Huan’s book Record of My Travels you can

learn about ___.

    A. Marco polo   B. many foreign countries   C. Christopher Columbus   D. ways to make silk

 6. Who does “The Chinese Columbus” refer to?

A. The Ming emperor.B. Du Huan.

C. The Chinese ambassador.D. Zheng He.

 Exercise 3

Period

Name

Way of Travel

Goods

Ancient times

 

 

 

Han Dynasty

 

 

 

Tang Dynasty

 

 

 

Ming Dynasty

 

 

 

 

Period

Name

Way of

travel

Goods

Ancient

times

 

 Silk Road

 

 spices,

glass

 

Period

Name

Way of

travel

Goods

Han

Dynasty

 Gan Ying

over land

 rhinoceros horns

 

Period

Name

Way of

travel

Goods

Tang

Dynasty

 Du Huan

 over land / by boat

 

 

 Step Ⅴ Language points:

The Title:

reach归纳拓展

reach (out) for伸出手/脚去够…

as far as the eyes can reach就眼力所能及; 极目

within one’s reach = within the reach of sb够得着

reach out拓展,伸出

Please reach me that book.

Not a single word reached my ears.

He reached out his hand for the knife, but it was too far away.

We must reach out to those in need.

Jim reached for a gun but he was stopped.

Paragraph One: 

1. endeavour--an attempt to do something       

In spite of our best endeavours, it has proven impossible to contact her.

Crossing the North Pole on foot was an amazing feat of human endeavour.

endeavor--formal to try very hard.               They endeavored to change society.

He endeavored to climb the mountain.           You must endeavor to do it better.

Please make every endeavor to be early.

2. puzzle vt. sb + be puzzled感到疑惑  sth + be puzzling 令人疑惑

sth + puzzle + sb使…疑惑

What puzzles me is why they didn't show up.

He looked a little puzzled.       His recent behavior puzzles me.

苦思而得出[(+out)]

I could not puzzle out her intentions. We finally puzzled out the meaning of the poem. vi.感到迷惑[(+at)]

I have been puzzling about this question for weeks now.我对这个问题已冥思苦想了好几个星期。

苦思,冥思苦想[(+about/over/as to)]

n. (游戏的)猜谜,智力竞赛[C]              难题,谜,难以理解之事[S1] 困惑,迷惑[S]

Her decision was a puzzle to him.

I'm in a puzzle as to how to cope with the new situation.

3.search search spl / sb for sth在…寻找…  search for sth寻找某物

in search of 寻找;寻求   in (one’s / the) search for…寻找…      search sb搜查某人的身体

The police searched the prisoner to see if he had a gun.

I searched shop after shop for my sister’s birthday present.

The parents searched for their lost boy here and there, but they didn’t find him.

I will make a search for your book.

I looked everywhere in search of my glasses.

4. long before, before long(= soon ) long before和状语,与完成时态连用

long before + n. /从句  早在…之前           It be (not) long before  很久之后才/不久就….

before long不久以后,与将来时或过去时连用

There was a lively market long before.

Before long you will understand what I said is good for you.

I had waited him long before he came.

It won’t be long before you see him again.

It was long before they escaped from the cruel prison.

 Paragraph Two:

1. find one’s way 设法到达

feel one’s way摸索着走; 谨慎行事     make one’s way            fight one’s way打出道路

push one’s way 挤出一条路         lose one’s way迷路             all the way

by the way   by way of   in a way    in no way      in the way

I hope you can find the way home.   She couldn’t find the way out of the building.

The soldiers fought their way through the fierce enemies.

2. exchange …for …             in exchange for   exchange … with …

I’d like to exchange five apples for five eggs.

Mary exchanged her seat with Ann.

He is giving her French lessons in exchange for his English lessons

She is giving him English lessons in exchange for his teaching her Chinese.她教他英语,他教她汉语。

I gave him a book in exchange for his MP3 player.

I’ve offered to paint the kitchen in exchange for a week’s accommodation.(膳宿)

Paragraph Three:                                                                         

off           Keep off the grassland !

cut a piece off the loaf                 The ship was brown off its course.

Paragraph Four:

1. be taken prisoner被抓:

Someone who is kept in a prison as a legal punishment for a crime or while they are waiting for their trial.            Our pilot was taken prisoner .

2. wander ( 常与about /in/ through连用)          The children wandered in the woods.

The river wanders through beautiful country.             

They wandered up and down the road aimlessly. His mind wandered back to his college life.

Paragraph Six:

1. awareness: 察觉;意识

be aware of …意识到……I was not aware of the fire.

We were quite aware (of) how you would respond to our terms.

He doesn't seem to be aware of the coldness of their attitude towards his appeal.

2. accurate, correct, exact辨析(inaccurate adj. 不准确的)均含“正确的”意思。

accurate 表示“准确的”,精确的,指“通过努力, 使事情达到正确”, 如:

She gave an accurate account of the accident. 她对事故做了准确的描述。

correct 为一般用语, 指“正确的”, 如:

He gave correct answers to the questions. 他对这些问题提出了正确的答案。

exact 表示“确切的”,“精确无误的”,指“与事实完全相符”, 如:

His answer is quite exact. 他的回答完全正确。

Paragraph Seven:

command vt., vi.(常与to, that连用)命令;指挥;统率

The officer commanded his men to fire.

He commanded silence. 他命令大家肃静。

He commanded that everyone make the best of the chance of senior three.

博得;赢得Einstein was really a great man who is able to command everyone's respect.

掌握;控制;对…有支配权to command oneself控制自己

This island country commands immense natural resources.

俯视;俯临     That fort commands the whole valley.

n. 命令

command internal(计算机的)内部命令

控制;统率The army is under the king's command. 军队由国王直接统率。

under the command of …在……的领导之下

The army is under the command of General Washington.

Bill is in command of the fleet.

司令部;指挥部;司令官     a high command高级司令官(空军)大队

运用能力;掌握            She has a good command of the French language. 她精通法语。

Paragraph Eight:

He sent a message to…, inviting them to send….他发信给…, 邀请他们派…。当表示打电话、写信、发电报告诉某人做某事时,常用-ing形式表示伴随。

send a message to sb. 送信

Step Ⅵ HomeworkRemember the phrases and expressions in this period by he

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