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Unit 2:Going High:The Pioneers Of The Third Pole  

2009-07-31 23:43:33|  分类: 高三英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 The fifth Period :Integrating Skills  

Teaching difficult points:

Generalize the whole passage by picking out key information.

Teaching methods:

Team work learning; Task-based learning.

Teaching aids:

A projector and some slides.

Teaching procedures:

Step Ⅰ Revision

Check homework exercises.

Step Ⅱ Lead-in

 1.What does “the third Pole” refer to in the text?

 “The third Pole” refers to mount Qomolangma.

Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Unit 2:Going High:The Pioneers Of The Third Pole - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 The Himalayas

 

Unit 2:Going High:The Pioneers Of The Third Pole - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

Qomolangma

Unit 2:Going High:The Pioneers Of The Third Pole - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Unit 2:Going High:The Pioneers Of The Third Pole - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

    2.Why does the writer call it the third Pole?

 First ,the North Pole and the South Pole lie respectively in the southernmost and northernmost

points of the world, while Mount Qomolngma is the highest mountain in the world .Second ,

like the North and the South poles ,people find it hard to conquer because of its extreme conditions.

Because the climate is like the North and South Poles and they were the last destinations for explorers. )

3. Who are the pioneers of the third Pole?

 They are people from all over the world who reached the summit of the mountain.

 4.Why is it difficult to climb Mount Qomolangma?

  Possibly because of the great height, the cold , thin air, low oxygen and levels. Strength and skill are also needed.

Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

5.Why were the Sherpas regarded as ideal companions   on the mountain?

 Sherpa’s strength, skill, honesty and dedication made them ideal companions.

 6.Who was the first to reach the top?

 The New Zealander Edmund Hillary and the Sherpa Tenzing Norgay.

Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 尼泊尔向导丹增·诺尔盖 (Tenzing Norgay) 站在峰顶手举一块冰,上面插着随风飞舞的旗子。

 

Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客  Tenzing

7.Why does the author think climbing Mount  Qomolangma remains one of man’s greatest  challenges?

 Because climbing Mount Qomolangma is a great personal achievement like winning in the Olympic Games.

 8.Did the Chinese team ever reach the summit of the  mountain? How do you know?

 Yes. They left behind an iron container with our national flag and a portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong on the summit.

Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 中国首登珠峰成功的(右起)王富洲、贡布(藏)和屈银华

Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 1975年5月27日,我国九名登山运动员从北坡登上珠峰

Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 2003年5月21日,中韩联合登山队的中方队员在珠峰顶上举起国旗

 Unit 2:Integrating Skills - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

  Step Ⅲ While-Reading

Task one: Predict the content

1.What are needed to conquer Mount Qomolangma?

(necessary equipment and preparations, climber’s skill, courage, strong will and wisdom)

2. What does “going high” mean?

Going high means climbing the mountains.

3. What is the passage going to talk about? The pioneers or the third pole?

 I think the passage is going to talk about the pioneers.

Task two :Read and check information.

Read the first two paragraphs and answer the 3 questions of Exercise 1 on Page 17.

 1. What is meant by “the third pole” in the text?

     “The third pole” means that Mount     Qomolangma can be compared with the North Pole and the South Pole for its extreme conditions.

 2. Why dose the writer call it the third pole?

    Because the climate is like the North and South pole and they were the last destinations for explorers.

 3. Which part of the mountains would be death zone, and who are the pioneers of the third pole?

    Mountains higher than 5,200 metres can be called death zone. And people who can climb such mountains are the pioneers.

 Task three: Questions and Answers

Read para.3 to para.5 and answer the following questions:

 1. Why can the Tibetans live at ease in   such extreme conditions?  

Tibetans can live at ease in such    extreme conditions because they have    lived in Himalayas for centuries and    have adjusted to the conditions at such a height.

 2. What makes Sherpas the most reliable guides in every attempt to climb Mount Qomolangma?

 Sherpas’ strength, skill, honesty and  dedication have made them the most reliable guides.

3. What might have been the possible reasons that made British expeditions fail in 1922 and in 1924?

 They were not prepared to many    unexpected difficulties and they were    not very familiar with Mount Qomolangma.

4. Why could Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay make it to the summit of Mount Qomolangma?

 After World War II, technological advances in clothing and equipment had been made and more was known about the mountain itself.

5. How do you understand the sentence “Like winning in the Olympic Games, climbing a mountain such as Mount Qomolangma is a great achievement”?

 Mountain climbing itself means exploring human possibilities and    every success proves the conqueror’s    courage, endeavor and ability.

6:After the first successful climbing, why did so many people still want to climb Mount Qomolangma?

 Different people represent different countries and different “number ones”.

 Read from Paragraph 6-7

 The Chinese made their first successful attempt(首次成功攀登) in 1960. The team members included (包括) Gongbu, Wang Fuzhou and Qu Yinhua.

 It was dark when they reached the summit(到达顶峰). Thus they  were unable to take photos(没能够拍到照片) to produce evidence.

 On their return, they were praised  (被颂扬为) as national heroes. On May 27, 1975, another team  arrived at the peak(到达顶峰) of Mount Qomolangma from its northern side.

Over the past 40 years, 29 other Chinese people  have climbed (已经攀登) Mount Qomolangma.

 Step Ⅳ: Post-reading      Ex. 2 on Page 17:

 1.Going to Mount Qomolangma was like going to  the moon.

 It was quite difficult and almost impossible to climb up Mount Qomolangma

2. The death zone

 In this area, it is quite impossible for humans to survive for a  couple of days , even though you

 can breathe extra oxygen.

  3. They had no idea what they were up against.

 They didn’t know what difficulties would be in front of them and what the result would be

4 English air.

 Oxygen in oxygen bottle.

 Ex. 3  Why does the author think climbing Mount  Qomolangma remains one of man’s greatest  challenges?

  Because there still exist many other “first attempts” to be proved and other scientific work to be done, in spite of the first successful attempt.

 Ex. 4 what does the Chinese team have to prove that they really reached the summit of Mount Qomolangma?

 They left behind an iron container with the national flag and a portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong.

   StepV:Phrases: Paragraph 1

 发现最远的角落             explore the farthest corners

在地图上定位大洲和大洋 map the continents and the oceans

到达南北极 reach the North and South Poles

发现世界上主要河流的源头 discover the origins of the world’s major rivers

 Paragraph 2

 除……之外 apart from     稀薄的空气 thin air   引发高原反应 cause mountain sickness

适应极端的环境 adjust to these extreme conditions

 Paragraph 3

 充当向导 act as guides   诚实和奉献精神 honesty and dedication

使他们成为理想的伴侣 make them ideal companions    依靠 rely on

 Paragraph 4

 面对 be up against    嘲笑 laugh at    认为 refer to as    用尽 run out

作出技术的进步 make technological advances in…   达到预定目标 make it

 Paragraph 5

 成功作某事 succeed in doing 尝试从不同的山坡登山 attempt to climb the mountain over different slopes

 Paragraph 6

 照相 take photos  留下 leave behind    毛主席头像 a portrait of Chairman Mao Zedong

返回 on one’s return   被誉为民族英雄 be praised as national heroes

 Paragraph 7

基于 base on

 Step VI :Language Points

1.the origins of the world’s major rivers世界上主要河流的源头

“We cannot escape our origins, however hard we try" (James Baldwin)“无论如何努力,我们也改变不了我们的出身”(詹姆斯·鲍德温)

Many Americans are African by origin.许多美国人是非洲血统。

2. accomplish / complete / finish / achieve

accomplish通常接task, aim, journey, voyage等名词,指成功完成预期目标;

complete可接建筑、工程、书籍等名词,指按预期目标把未完成的工作经过进一步的努力使之完成;

finish在许多情况下多与complete换用,但不及complete正式,指完成应做的事,强调事情的了结、终止;

achieve指完成计划、大业等,多指完成伟大功业。

Paragraph Two:

apart from除……之外(aside from)

All the children like music apart from Bobby.

The writer lives apart from his family.

Apart from being too large, the trousers don't suit me.

Apart from a few words, I do not know any French at all.

apart adv. 相隔;相距;除去;分开地

Alice and her husband now live apart.

New York and Tokyo are thousands of miles apart.

They planted the trees three meters apart.

She lives apart from her family.

A few little things apart, the party was a great success.

Paragraph Three:

1. sacred  adj.神圣的;与神有关的   

Temples, mosques, churches and synagogues are all sacred buildings.宗教的,与宗教有关的sacred writings宗教经典 

The Koran is the sacred book of the Muslims.

(常与to连用)神圣不可侵犯的He considered it a sacred duty to fulfill his dead father's wishes.

严肃的;郑重的;庄严的:    a sacred promise郑重的诺言

习惯用法be sacred from免除, 不受          hold sacred尊重, 保护

2. act as guides充当向导      act as 扮演;担当;充当。后面所接的名词常可不加冠词。

A trained dog can act as a guide to a blind man.  He acts as manager.

One of his friends acted as go-between.

3. ideal adj.理想的;完美的

This dictionary is ideal — it's exactly what I needed这本词典很理想,正是我所需要的。

空想的;想象中的:       ideal plans for making money赚钱的空想计划

n.理想;理想的东西;最终目的: to realize one's ideal实现最终目的

Paragraph Four:

1. be up against面对,对抗          up against difficulties面临困难

up against it面临极大的困难(多指经济困难)

2. refer to sth /sb as认为某人某物…   refer  vt., vi. (-rr-)(常与to 连用)查资料;参考

涉及;提到Keats is referring to epic poetry when he mentions Homer's 'proud demesne'.

针对;有关:    The new law does not refer to farm land. 新法律与耕地无关。

提交;交付:    The shop referred the complaint to the manufacturers.商店把投诉转交给制造商。

refer oneself to依赖, 求助于

refer to提到, 谈到, 涉及,参考, 查阅,向...打听[查询],认为与...有关, 认为...起源于...

3.run out用尽,用完(= become used up)其主语通常为时间、食物以及金钱等名词。

His money soon ran out.

run out of用完了,表示主动含义,主语一般是人。

He is always running out of money before pay day.

[注意]run out of还有“从…中流出”之义;run out也表示“流出”,但其后不接宾语。

4. make it做成功,达成; make it to +地点 到达某地

Paragraph Five:

1. arise vi. (arose, arisen) 出现,呈现;发生            arise from / out of由…引起(产生)

Some unexpected difficulties / opportunities have arisen.出现了一些意外的困难(机会)。

2. in one’s attempt to do 尝试做某事   attempt n. vt. 尝试,企图;企图杀害

The prisoner attempted an escape but failed.         They attempted a surprise attack.

They attempted to climb Mt Everest.            He attempted breaking the world record.

He failed in his attempt to win first prize.      They made an attempt on the life of the President.

attempted adj. 未遂的,意图的

Step Ⅴ Post-Reading

Turn to page 17 and look at Exercise 2. Explain the following phrases and sentences from the text in English.

Step Ⅵ Homework

1. Recite the important sentences.

2. Wb.Exx.

Phrases of unit 2 (1)

1.take possession of 占领,占有 in possession of 某人占有,拥有

in the possession of 某物/某人为某人所占有

2. in the name of sb/sth 以…的名义,代表

3.masses of 大量的 a mass of sand/snow 一堆/团/块

4. be rich/poor in 富含/缺乏

5.do research on 进行调查研究

6. a state key project一项国家重点项目

7. dig up 挖掘

8. risk one’s life/health to do sth冒丧失生命,健康之险做某事

9.be equipped with 用…装备,配备

10.by name用(靠、按)名字,名叫;by the name of名叫……;name after以……命名

under the name of。。。化名为

   11.search sp / sb for sth在…寻找…;search for sth/make a search for 寻找某物

in search of 寻找;寻求; in (one’s / the) search for…寻找…; search sb搜查某人的身体

12. long before + n. /从句  早在…之前,before long不久以后

13.feel one’s way摸索着走、谨慎行事             fight one’s way奋勇前进

force one’s way挤着向前走                    wind one’s way曲折前进

make one’s way去……途中,排除困难前进      lose one’ s way迷路

push one’s way 挤出一条路    

14. in exchange for 交换。。。

15.under the command of …在……的领导之下

16.set sail (to / from / for) 起航

17.renew relations重新确立关系

18.in return ( for…) 作为 (队。。。)回报, in answer/reply to …作为。。。的回答

19.a symbolic meaning 象征意义

20.  reach out across the ocean  跨越海洋reached out one’s hand for…伸手去够。。。

21.date from/back to 追溯到。。。

22.have contacts with/contact to有/联系 make/lose contact with…与。。。取得/失去联系

23.It is well known that …众所周知= As is well known, …=What is well known is that …

24.be taken prisoner被抓: take sb prisoner逮捕/capture sb 俘获,捉拿

put sb in prison, take sb to prison, send sb to prison把……关进监狱

throw sb into prison把……投进监狱

25.wander ( 常与about /in/ through连用)

26.the awareness of each other’s existence意识到彼此的存在

27.prosper under a new dynasty在新的朝代下繁荣昌盛(prosperity)

28.reach the height of one’s power到达了繁盛时期

29.under the command of sb. 在。。。的率领/指挥下

30.set sail from/to/for….起航

31.bring up 抚养;呕吐;提出

32.apart from 除。。。外;除。。外还有

33. adjust to (doing) sth. 适应。。。   adjust …to …调整

34.fail to reach to the top 没到山顶

35.succeed in (doing) sth. 做成。。。

36. contribute to (doing) sth. 对。。做出贡献,有助于,促成Phrases of unit 2 (2)

1. form the foundation for mankind’s greatest endeavour  

奠定人们努力(探索世界)的基础

     form the foundation of …奠定。。。的基础

2. search for the sea routes to …寻找通往。。。的海上通道

3. along the coasts of the Indian Ocean 沿印度洋海岸

4. books with descriptions of… 描写。。。的书籍

5. over the next few years 在随后的几百年

6. develop into the world’s trading centre (for…)  发展成为(。。。的)世界贸易中心

7.make/go on a voyage/trip 去旅行

8. The time was ripe for a grand meeting.正式往来的时机成熟了。

9. show/have (no) respect for sb. (不)尊重某人

10. the origins of the world’s major rivers世界上主要河流的源头

11. at such high altitudes 在如此高的海拔高度;  at an altitude of…海拔。。。

12. be not without risk  不无风险

13. cause mountain sickness引发高原反应

14. adjust to extreme conditions适应极端的环境

15. act as guides充当向导

16. honesty and dedication诚实和奉献精神

17. make sb. ideal companions使某人成为理想的伙伴

18. be up against面对,对抗

19. make technological advances in…作出技术的进步

20. make it做成功,达成, 完成

21 .in one’s attempt to do 尝试做某事

22. be praised as national heroes被誉为民族英雄

23. a large sum of money一大笔钱

24. bring up   抚养;提出(议题);呕吐

25. .with a population of 有。。人口   (What’s the population of….?)

26. have sth/nothing in common (with…) (和。。。)有相似(无相似)的地方

   in common with …和。。。相同的是

27. have nothing/something to do with….和。。。,没有(有)关系

28. prefer to do sth, rather than do sth.

   Prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth.   喜欢。。。而不喜欢。。。

29. persuade sb. to do/into doing sth. 劝服。。。做。。。

   persuade sb. Out of doing sth.    说服。。。不做。。。

30. compare…with/ to …  把。。。和。。。相比; 把。。。比作。。。(to)

   Be compared with/to… 比较。。。

31. have no chance of doing sth.

   have no chance to do sth. 没有做。。。的机会/可能性

  

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