注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

紫霞仙客的博客

我和我的女儿 我和我的学生

 
 
 

日志

 
 

Unit2:Grammar--Predicate  

2009-07-31 23:43:57|  分类: 高三英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

The Sixth Period Grammar

 Teaching important points:

Different types of Predicate.

Teaching difficult points:

By reviewing the Predicate, get the students to establish a sense of exactness in using the voices and tenses.

Teaching methods:

Team work learning; Task-based learning; Repetition and practice.

Teaching aids:

A projector and some slides.

Teaching procedures:

Step Ⅰ Revision

Check homework exercises.

Step Ⅱ Word study

1. Turn to page 14 and do Exercise one.

2. Turn to page 156 and look at Exercise 4 of Word Study.

Step Ⅲ Grammar Study

Grammar---Predicate

What can be used as Predicate?   

 Verbs: 实义动词、情态动词和连系动词

实义动词用来描述动作、行为;分为及物动词与不及物动词

连系动词用来表示状态、性质、特征等等

We parted in 1984 and met again in 1999.(实义动词)He is a good student.(连系动词)

These apples look nice.(连系动词)We can help him with his English. (情态动词)不能单独作谓语

2.比较           中 文         英 文

他现在不会在家的。  He can't be home now .

你是位老师吗?    Are you a teacher ?

她喜欢看小说。    She likes reading novels .

我要动身去美国。   I am leaving for the USA.

结论

1)英文的谓语动词在表达其发生或存在的时间,以及进行的状态时,有不同的变化形式。

一.时态和语态

1. They raise ducks as a sideline (副业) .一般现在时

2. He got his driving license last month. 一般过去时

3. If you go to New Zealand, you are going to like the place. 一般将来时

4. She told me that she would go on trip to Europe the next day. 过去将来时

5. They are having a football match .现在进行时

6. When I came to see her last time, she was writing an article. 过去进行时

7. By now, I have collected all the data that I need . 完成现在时

8. The telephone rang no sooner than he had come into the house. 过去完成时

9. I've been waiting for you for the whole morning. 现在完成进行时

二.要注意的几个问题

1. 每学一种时态,要反复地、认真地去琢磨这种时态的作用及其使用的语言环境。

e.g. He speaks English .(一般现在时,说明动作发生的经常性。)

He spoke English when he was in New Zealand .(一般过去时,说明动作发生的时间。)

He is speaking English.(现在进行时,说明动作正在进行。)

He has learned English for three years since he came to the USA. (现在完成时,这里说明动作的总和。)

He has been speaking English since he came to the USA. (现在完成进行时,强调动作的连性。)

 

Unit2:Grammar--Predicate - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

1.What we used to think        impossible now does seem possible. (06天津)

A. is      B. was    C. has been     D. will be

 在分析一个句子的时候,我们首先需要分析其动作发生的时间,根据动作发生的时间来判断它的时态。该句的意思为:过去被认为不可能做到的事现在看来都有可能做到了。

Unit2:Grammar--Predicate - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

1.This machine _____. It hasn’t worked for years.  (06浙江)

   A. didn’t work  B. wasn’t working

   C. doesn’t work D. isn’t working

 一般现在时表示现在经常性、习惯性的动作或状态;现在进行时表示现在正在进行的动作或包括现在在内的一段时间内一直在进行的动作。该题中提到的这台机器已经好几年开不转了,所以应该表示这台机器现在所处的一种状态。

 Unit2:Grammar--Predicate - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

1.I _______in London for many years,but

I’ve never regretted my final decision to

move back to China. (06重庆)

   A. lived   B. was living 

   C. have lived       D. had lived

 从后面的“我从来没后悔过我所作出的回国的最终决定”可知说话人早已经回国了,所以在伦敦生活过若干年只能发生在过去。过去进行时则表示在过去的一段时间里一直不停地做某事,显然不符合句意。

 

Unit2:Grammar--Predicate - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 1.-Did Linda see the traffic accident?

-No, no sooner ____ than it happened.

    (06天津)

   A. had she gone  B. she had gone 

   C. has she gone    D. she has gone

 特别注意:no sooner … than …; hardly …when … 结构。该结构一般只用于过去,所以主句的动词只能用过去完成时。如果 no sooner 或 hardly 置于句首,主句需要倒装。

 

Unit2:Grammar--Predicate - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

1.Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 4026 ____ off at 18:20.  (06四川)

    A. takes           B. took            

    C. will be taken    D. has taken

 需要特别注意将来时的几种不同形式的意义:

 will / shall;   强调客观上将来要发生的事

 be going to  强调主观打算、计划或判断

 be about to 强调即刻就要发生的事

 be doing  强调即将要去做的事

 do / does  强调在计划表上已经安排好的事

 

2.I think it is necessary for my 19-year-old

son to have his own mobile phone, for I

sometimes want to make sure if he ____ home

for dinner.  (06辽宁)

   A. come B. comes

   C. has come D. will come

 要特别注意 when; if 等词引导的从句,如果是状语从句,则没有将来时;如果是名词性从句,就需要考虑各种时态的可能性了。

 

Unit2:Grammar--Predicate - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

 1.--- Can I join the club, Dad?

--- You can when you  get a bit older.

 说明:时间状语从句中没有将来时,需用一般现在时替代一般将来时;现在完成时替代将来完成时。

Unit2:Grammar--Predicate - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

1.Customers are asked to make sure that they ____ the right change before leaving the shop.

(06重庆)

   A. will give  B. have been given  

   C. have given   D. will be given

 顾客找钱只能是被动的,而且要求顾客数清楚找回的钱是在离开本店之前,所以要用完成时态的被动语态。

 Unit2:Grammar--Predicate - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

Books of this kind sell well

 说明:sell 既可作及物动词又可作不及物动词,当用作“销售情况如何”时,sell 为不及物动词,故没有被动语态。 

类似的词还有:wash, translate, write  等。

 1. You ___ your father everything , which only upset him.                                                                  

    A. should have told                  B. should tell               C. shouldn’t tell                                          

    D. shouldn’t have told

 2. I ___ to send you the book on writing but there weren’t any copies left in the book store.                             

    A. mean         B. was meaning       C. had meant   D. would mean

 3. It is the third time that the student ____  late for school this week. 

   A. is   B. was   C. has been  D. will be

 4. By the end of last term, the students ____Oxford English Book III.    

   A. finished                   B. had finished        C. had been finished  D. would finish

 5.  The plan ____ before it ____.                                       

   A. had been talked over; was   carried out         B. had been talked; was carried                                    

   C. was talked over; had been .  carried out                              D. talked over; carried out

 6. The water___ too hot. Pour in some cold water, please. 

   A. is felt        B. is feeling        C. has felt     D. feels

 7. My teacher strongly suggested that I ____ to a spare-time school at weekend.  

   A. ought to go   B. had to go    C. go                  D. had better go

 8. I would rather you ___ yesterday.    

   A. had come        B. came     C. would come    D. come

 9. By the middle of the 1920s the  farthest corners of the earth   ____ explored.

   A. are B. were  C. have been D. had been

 10. Climbing Mount Qomolangma ____ great skills and ____ not without risk.

   A. requires … is   B. requires … was    C. required … are    D. required … were

 11. Since 1921, every Qomolangma  expedition ____ the Sherpas, who  ____ in Tibet,

northern India and   Nepal.

   A. relied on … lived    B. has relied on … have lived   C. relies on … live  D. has relied on … live

 12. If their oxygen ____, the two British  men ____ a chance of surviving.

   A. ran out … had   B. didn’t run out … would have

   C. had run out … didn’t have    D. hadn’t run out … would have had

 13. Scientific surveys conducted during   the climbs ____ that Qomolangma

      ____ 8,848.13 meters high.

   A. shown … is B. showed … was   C. showed … is D. shows … was

 14. Lin Jie, together with his two friends, ____ travelling in Thailand at the time of the  tsunami (海啸).

   A. are B. is  C. were D. was

 15. They ____ in the tent when a   heavy snow storm suddenly   arose.

   A. rest B. rested  C. were resting D. are resting

 16. You ____ keep in touch with your    team while climbing a big mountain  so that you ____ get

help in time  when you ____ in trouble.

    A. should … could … have been  B. could … would … were

    C. should … can … are   D. could … should … are

2. 在时间状语从句或条件状语从句的中,如果主句的谓语动词是一般将来时,那么从句的谓语动词就只能用一般现在时来表示将来时;如果主句的谓语动词是过去将来时,那么从句的谓语动词就只能用一般过去时来表示过去将来时。

e.g. I will not play tennis if it rains tomorrow.

I would not play tennis if it rained the next day.

3. 在使用现在完成时的句子里,不可以带有表示具体过去时间的状语,如:yesterday , last week ( month , year , etc. ) , two weeks ago , in 1999等;但常和有些副词连用,如: just , before , already , often , never , ever , not…yet , always等等。

4. 在以when提问的特殊疑问中不能用现在完成时。另外,ago不能用于现在完成时的句子里,但是可以用before 来表示"以前"的意义.

1)---When did the train leave? ---It left ten minutes ago.      2)I have read this before.

5. 如果是不表示连续性的动词用于现在完成时的句子,不可以和表示"一段时间"的状语连用。在这种情况下,应该用"It is… since…"的句式来表达。

He has joined the army for five years. (wrong)

It is five years since he joined the army. (right)

三,被动语态的几个问题

1. 要想正确地使用被动语态,就须注意哪些动词是及物的,哪些是不及物的。特别是一词多义的动词往往有两种用法。解决这一问题唯有在学习过程中多留意积累。

The accident was happened last week.  (wrong)  

The accident happened last week.  (right)

2. 主动形式表示被动意义

1)表事物特性  v +adv. (wash, cut, sell, read, wear, write, sell, tear)

The book sells well.  This knife cuts easily.  Paper tears easily.

2)I was to blame for the accident.

3) 在need, require, want, be worth  后的动名词必须用主动形式。

The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired.

This room needs cleaning. This book is worth reading. 

四,主谓一致

1. 由or 连接两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词应与靠近它的主语一致。还有either … or … , neither … nor …, not only … but also …   即是就近原则。

e. g. Are you or he to drive ?                Was she or you there ?

2. 由两个名词由with (together with,along with,as well as , rather than ,no less than ,but, besides,except )连接时,谓语动词应与前面的主语一致。

e. g. Nobody but John and Helen was absent.  I rather than you, am responsible for the accident.

3. 英语中,一些表示总称意义的名词,如:police,people,cattle, 等作主语时,谓语动词要用复数形式。

e. g. Some people spend a lot of money on clothes.  Cattle are raised everywhere by the farmers.

4. 集体名词作主语时: 指一个整体,谓语用单数;表一个一个的人或整体中的部分成员时,谓语用复数。(class ,club, committee, company, crew, crowd, enemy, army, government, group, party, public, team, family, 等。)

不定代词或分数,百分数+集体名词作主语时,常表集体中的部分成员,谓语用复数。

5. 当主语表示时间,重量,距离,价格时,谓语动词用单数。

Five hundred dollars is quite enough for the return voyage (返航).

Seven kilometers was covered in two hours .

6.当主语是一个从句,不定式或动名词时,谓语一般用单数。

Whether he succeeds or fails doesn't concern me . (他成功或失败与我无关)

Swimming in the Yangtze River needs great courage.

7.定语从句的关系代词在从句中充当主语时,从句的谓语应与先行词保持一致。

She is the only one of the students who has passed the examination.

They told us something about the houses which were built in the 1540's / 1540s.

8.在强调句中,强调主语时,后面的动词还是由被强调的主语来确定。

I am in the search for my missing gold ring .

其强调句为:It is I who am in the search for my missing gold ring .

I am in the search for my missing gold ring .

其强调句为:It is I who am in the search for my missing gold ring .

Step Ⅳ Exercise:

1. You___your  fathe  reverything,which  only  upset  him.

A. should have told        B. should tell          C. shouldn’t tell             D. shouldn’t have told

2. I ___ to send you the book on writing but there weren’t any copies left in the book store.                  

 A. mean             B. was meaning   C. had meant         D. would mean

3. It is the third time that the student ____ late for school this week.                                                             A. is                          B. was                 C. has been                 D. will be

4. I___with a friend in New York just now. I’ll be back next week.                                                              

   A. stayed                   B. have stayed    C. stay              D. am staying

5. By the end of last term, the students ____Oxford English Book III.                                                         

  A. finished             B. had finished      C. had been finished     D. would finish

6. The plan ____ before it ____.                                       

A. had been talked over; was carried out           B. had been talked; was carried                                    

C. was talked over; had been carried out         D. talked over; carried out

7. The water___ too hot. Pour in some cold  water,              A. is felt                   B. is feeling      

  C. has felt                  D. feels

8. If the teacher ___kind to the students, they ___ her now.                                                                            A. were; wouldn’t hate                               B.had been;wouldn’t hate                                                     

  C. were to be ; wouldn’t have hated               D. were; wouldn’t have hated

9. My teacher strongly suggested that I ____ to a spare-time school at weekend.                                    

A. ought to go            B. had to go        C. go                  D. had better go

10. I would rather you ___ yesterday.                                       

A. had come              B. came            C. would come            D. come

Suggested answers:  1-5 DCCDB              6-10 ADBCB

  评论这张
 
阅读(61)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017