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高三英语U.2单元同步基础训练题  

2009-07-31 23:44:35|  分类: 高三英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 : 单项选择

1. _________ people have expressed disagreement with this recent proposal to go and spend their vacation in the country.

A. variety             B. various             C. differently        D. vary

2. The explorers were told to _________ themselves with everything they would need for the voyage.

A. take               B. bring               C. devote              D. equip

3. According to the weather forecast, which is usually ________, it will snow tomorrow.

A. accurate          B. exact                C. perfect            D. excellent

4. She suggested _________ that I ______ a trip.

A. me; had            B. to me; have          C. to me; would have  D. me; should have

5. Columbus had _________ one of the most amazing and courageous feats in history.

A. accomplished      B. quitted              C. succeeded         D. abandoned

6. He invented a new system for painting, but he was not satisfied with the result and ________ the undertaking.

A. proposed           B. encouraged        C. spoiled            D. abandoned

7. Some people say that health is __________ because they consider good health more valuable than money or material possessions.

A. value               B. strength           C. significance       D. wealth

8. He gained his ______ by printing _______ of famous writers.

   A. wealth; work      B. wealths; works    C. wealths; work     D. wealth; works

9. As long as the sun shines, the earth will not _________ energy.

   A. short of            B. lack of             C. run out of         D. in need of

10. He kept asking silly questions until my patience finally __________.

   A. ran out             B. ran down          C. ran over          D. ran for

11. The whole street was quiet, ________ a few barks of a dog.

   A. apart from         B. besides              C. but for              D. except

12. The boy _________ the name of Tom is named _________ his grand father.

   A. in; after             B. by; with           C. in; by              D. by; after

13. He studied hard in his youth, which ________ his great success in later life.

A. consisted of       B. contributed to     C. devoted to       D. led

14. In the office I never seem to have time until 6:30 p.m., _______ many people have got home.

   A. whose time       B. that                 C. on which          D. by which time

15. ______ be sent to work there?

    A. Do you suggest who should             B. Do you suggest whom should

    C. Who do you suggest that                D. Who do you suggest

16. --- Wasn’t it Dr. Wang who spoke to you just now?

--- ______.

A. I didn’t know he was                         B Yes, it was.

C. No, he wasn’t                        D. Yes, he did

17. Cars moved very slowly in the 1920s, but they ___________ move more quickly than in the 1910s.

A. were to           B. did                  C. will                 D. can

18. Work having been done, they walked home, _______.

A. cold and hungry                         B. coldly and hungry

C. coldly and hungrily                        D. cold and hungrily

19. _______ to the computer games, he left much homework undone.

A. Addicted           B. To addict         C. Being addicted     D. Having addicted

20. He has no interests, __________ from his work.

A. apart               B. beside           C. besides           D. except

21. It takes ten years to grow trees but a hundred to rear people which means it will be ________ one becomes a useful person.

  A. before long        B. long before         C. after a long time   D. long after

22. It’s been three days since they began to _______ the _________ map.

   A. search, missing                           B. search for, missing

   C. search, missed                           D. search for, missed

23. The exam results _______ in the speech of our headmaster delighted all of us.

   A. refer to             B. referring to        C. was referred to   D. referred to

24. When Captain James Cook landed in New Zealand in 1769, he ________ it.

   A. took possession                                 B. possession 

C. took possession of                             D. was in the possession of

25. --- Have we ________ food ?

   --- Yes, _________. We’d better buy some.

A. run out of ; we have run it out              B. run out of ; our food has run out

C. run out of ; our food has been run out   D. run out ; our food has run out

26. Having decided to rent a flat, we ________ contacting all the accommodation agencies for help.

A. set about                   B. set down       C. set out                D. set in

27. The color in this silk material will not __________. 

A. miss                  B. faint                  C. fade                   D. lose 

28. He came to my class every week, but his attitude ________ he was not really interested in the subject.

A. expressed            B. described             C. explained             D. suggested

29. ______, they set out to break the record for cross-channel swim. 

A. Well equipping    B. To be well equipped  C. Well equipped D. Being equipped well

30. --- What on earth are you doing here?

   --- A puzzle, but ______, I can’t work it out . Will you give me a hand?

   A. as much I am trying                B. in spite of I’m much trying

   C. much as I am trying                D. much although I am trying

31. I don’t know the word. I have to _______ a dictionary.

   A. look out               B. make out            C. refer to               D. go over

32. I _____ what her name is; I’m sure I know her face.

   A. remember            B. wonder               C. guess                  D. suppose

33. With a school record like yours I’m _____ why you didn’t try for a university scholarship.

   A. complicated          B. refused               C. puzzled               D .misunderstood

34. It’s his suggestion made yesterday that we ______ the sports meeting.

   A. delaying              B. delayed                C. must delay          D. delay

35. The teacher commanded that  _____ out of the classroom.

   A. he go                   B. he goes               C. he went               D. him go

36. My money______, I must go to the bank to draw some of my savings out before I have none in hand.

   A. has run out           B. is running out      C. has been run out  D. is being run out

37. Columbus discovered America but didn’t ______ the new continent.

   A. expose                B. explode               C. exploit                 D. explore

38. ______ the difficulty of getting a job, there will be the problem of finding accommodation in a place where rents are so high.

  A. Apart from             B. Aside for             C. Far from             D. As for

39. ______ the name of God, stop it.

   A. In                        B. By                      C. For                    D. Under

40. --- Does the young man ___________ the company?

   --- No. The company is ___________ his uncle.

  A. take a possession of; in the possession of

  B. take possession of; in the possession of

  C. take possession of; in possession of

  D. take a possession of; in possession of 

41. I can guess you are in a hurry. You __________ your sweater inside out.

  A. had worn               B. wore                  C. are wearing         D. were wearing

42. She __________ the failure of the exam, for she is crying now in her bedroom.

   A. might know         B. should know       C. must know          D. must have known

43. I don’t know if you noticed their absence or not, but we ___________.

   A. did                      B. have                   C. had                    D. were

44. A special dinner there might include Chinese pork dish, British roast beef and French- style vegetables. Boiled rice ______ just about everything.

   A. is served with       B. will serve            C. serves with          D. is served

45. --- The dinner was delicious!

   --- I agree. I’m so full.

   --- That’s too bad. But some dessert ______.

   A. has ordered                                        B. will be ordered

C. has been ordered                                D. was going to be ordered

46. They _____ the construction site than they set out to inspect the newly-built office building.

   A. have no sooner reached                      B. no sooner got

   C. will no sooner get to                   D. had no sooner reached

47. About 170 people ______ and dozens more ______ after a flood hit an Indonesian town last week.

   A. were killed; are still missing               B. have been killed; were still missing

   C. are killed; are still missing                 D. had been killed; were still missing

48. The news came as no surprise to me, for I _____ of it earlier.

   A. hear                     B. heard                  C. have heard           D. had heard

49. The novels written by the author sell best, but five years ago no one could have imagined  how great a role he _____ in the literary(文学的) world.

   A. was playing         B. was to play          C. had played          D. played

50. The number of the students in the school ______ in the last two years.

   A. are being doubled                               B. have been doubled

   C. has been doubled                             D. is being doubled

II: 完形填空

Do you know what kind of things the young people are reading? More and more  51  and parents have noticed another kind of pollution, which comes from the printed papers _52 on streets.

These printed things _53_ newspapers but have hardly anything to do with _54_. You can only find reading material badly made up there---some are too strange for anyone to _55_; others are frightening stories of something _56_. However, many of the young readers are getting interested in such _57_ readings, which _58_ them what they should pay for their breakfast and bring them nightmares and immoral ideas in _59_. Homework is left _60_; daily games lost.

These sellers shout on streets selling their papers well. The writers, publishers and printers --- _61  they are, we never know--- are _62_ their silent money.

The sheep-skinned wolf’s story seems to have been forgotten once again. Why not _63_ this kind of thing? Yes, both teachers and parents have asked each other for more strict control of the young readers. __64_, the more you want to forbid it, the more they want to have a look at it. _65_ you may even find out several children, driven by the curious natures, _66_ one patched paper, which has traveled from hand to hand.

It really does _67_ to our society. It has already formed a sort of moral pollution. The _68_ teachers and parents need more powerful support in their protection of the young generation.  At the same time the young _69  need more interesting books to help them _70_ those ugly papers.

51. A. writers                  B. readers               C. students             D. teachers

52. A. sold                      B. printed                C. put                     D. found

53. A. work out              B. look like             C. act as            D. depend on

54. A. them               B. children              C. young people     D. it

55. A. think                   B. believe              C. know                D. understand

56. A. still worse         B. even better          C. very good        D. more important

57. A. wonderful         B. interesting         C. useful              D. poisonous

58. A. spend            B. cost                   C. pay                    D. take

59. A. sight              B. common           C. return                 D. use

60. A. unknown          B. known             C. done               D. undone

61. A. what              B. whoever            C. whatever           D. who

62. A. making            B. spending           C. wasting             D. using

63. A. forbid             B. separate          C. leave               D. stop

64. A. Luckily            B. Unfortunately      C. Badly               D. Happily

65. A. Always            B. Hardly               C. Sometimes         D. Seldom

66. A. share             B. get                 C. hold               D. take

67. A. good              B. favor                C. wrong              D. harm

68. A. puzzled            B. surprised          C. disappointed        D. worried

69. A. teachers          B. parents             C. readers            D. writers

70. A. come into         B. break down         C. get rid of           D. take off

III、阅读理解

A

It is hard to predict(预言)how science is going to turn out, and whether it is really good science, it is impossible to predict. If the things to be found are actually new, they must be unknown in advance. You cannot make choices on this matter. You either have science or you don’t and if you have it you have to accept the surprising and disturbing pieces of information, along with the neat and useful bits.

       The only solid piece of scientific truth about which I feel totally confident is that we don’t know enough about nature. Indeed, I regard this as the major discovery of the past hundred years of biology. It is, in its way, a clear piece of news. It would have amazed the brightest minds of the 18th century to be told by any of us how little we know and how strange the way ahead seems. In earlier times, they either pretended to understand how things worked or simply made up stories to give answers. Now that we have begun exploring seriously, we are catching sight of how huge the questions are, and how far from being answered. Because of this, we are sorry. It is not so bad being ignorant(无知的)if you are totally ignorant; the hard thing is knowing in some details the reality of ignorance, the worst spots and here and there the not so bad spots, but no true light at the end of the tunnel nor even any tunnels that can yet be trusted.

       But we are making a beginning, and there ought to be some satisfaction. There are probably no questions we can think up that can’t be answered, sooner or later. Within our limits, we should be able to work our way through to all our answers, if we keep at it long enough, and pay attention.

71.According to the writer, really good science       .

       A.would surprise the brightest minds of the 18th  century.

       B.will help people to make the right choice in advance

       C.will produce results which cannot be predicted

       D.will bring about disturbing results

72.It can be inferred from the passage that scientists of the 18th century     .

       A.thought that they knew a great deal and could deal with most problems of science.

       B.knew that they were ignorant and wanted to know more about nature

       C.were afraid of facing up to the realities of scientific research

       D.did more harm than good in man’s understanding of nature

73.Which of the following is NOT mentioned about scientists in earlier times?

       A.They falsely declared to know all about nature.

       B.They did not believe in results from scientific observation.

       C.They paid little attention to the problems they didn’t understand.

       D.They invented false rules to explain things they didn’t understand.

74.What is the writer’s attitude towards science?

       A.He is sorry because of the ignorance of scientists.

       B.He is delighted because of the latest scientific findings.

       C.He is doubtful because of the great difficulties in scientific research.

       D.He is confident though he knows well the great difficulties in scientific research.

75.The writer believes that sooner or later      .

       A.man can’t deal with all the problems he can find because of the limits of human knowledge.

       B.man can find solutions to whatever questions concerning nature he can think up

       C.questions concerning nature are outside the field of scientific research

       D.man can think up all the questions and answer them all.

B

We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages in streaming(把……按能力分班)pupils. It does not take into account the fact that children develop at different rates. It can have a bad effect on both the bright and the not-so-bright child. After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade!

Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This is only one aspect of their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills and we find that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning.

In our classrooms, we work in various ways. The `pupils often work in groups:this gives them the opportunity to learn to cooperate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, and to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher.

Sometimes the pupils work in pairs;sometimes they work on individual tasks and assignments, and they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this efficiently. An advanced pupil can do advanced work: it does not matter what age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal.

76. In the passage the writer's attitude towards “mixed-ability teaching” is——————.

A. critical        B. questioning       C. approving      D. objective (客观的)

77. By “held back”, the writer means___________.

A. made to remain in the same classes               B. forced to study in the lower classes

C. drawn to their studies                          D. prevented from advancing

78. The writer argues that a teacher's chief concern should be the development of the student's ________.

A. personal qualities and social skills                   B. total personality

C. learning ability and communicative skills         D. intellectual ability

79. Which of the following is not mentioned in the third paragraph?

A. Group work gives pupils the opportunity to learn to work together with others.

B. Pupils also learn to develop their reasoning abilities.

C. Group work provides pupils with the opportunity to learn to be capable organizers.

D. Pupils also learn how to participate in teaching activities.

80. The writer's purpose in writing this passage is to__________.

A. argue for teaching bright and not-so-bright pupils in the same class

B. recommend (推荐) pair work and group work for classroom activities

C. offer advice on the proper use of the library

D. emphasize the importance of appropriate formal classroom teaching

IV、对话填词:

M: Hi, Jane. It’s nice to see you again. I heard that you went to the US during the (1) v ________.

W: Yes. I went to New York to attend a summer (2) c________ in English.

M: Wow. You were (3) l ________. How long did you stay there?

W: About 50 days. I went there on July 5th and came back on (4) A _______ 25th.

M: How about the course?

W: The course was very good. The teachers were nice. They taught us to listen, speak, read and write in English, but it was (5)m ________ speaking. One interesting thing I found was that the American classes are different from (6) o ______ here because the students have a lot more

(7) f_______ and (8) s _______. You can sit anywhere you like in the classroom. You can ask the teachers questions at any time during the class, and you are welcome to (9) s _______ your ideas with the class. I really like this kind of class.

M: How interesting! Maybe our teachers should (10) t _______ that.

1. _______          2.              3.                                       4.        _     5. _______   

6. _______          7.              8. ________      9.               10. ______    

V、短语翻译             

1、利用  __________________             2、对待、处理 _____________________

3、作决定 _________________            4、用…装备,配备 _________________

5.、占有、拥有_____________             6、以…的名义;代表_______________

7、富含…的 ______________            8、在地球上、到底、究竟_____________

9、令人鼓舞的消息 _________________   10、寻找    ______________________

11、交换、互换 _____________________   12、很久以前  ____________________

13、回溯到…、始于_______________…    14、找到去某处的路________________

15、在…的指挥下 _________________     16、众所周知  _____________________

17、起航    ____________________       18、被抓, 被俘虏   _________________

19、作为回报_____________________           20、延伸、伸手     _________________

21、培养、提出___________________           22、除…外、除…都________________

23、调整、使适合_________________           24、信任、信赖     _________________

25、嘲笑  ____________________                26、提到、查询     _________________

27、耗尽、用完________________                28、成功地做  _____________________

29、做出贡献、有助于、投稿____________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keys to u2

单项选择:

1-20 bdaba  dddca    adbdD   bbaaA

21-30 BBDCB  ACDCC   31-35. CBCDA     36-40BDAAB   41-45 CDAAC    46-50 DADBC  

完形填空

DABAB   . ADBCD   BAABC  ADDCC 

阅读理解”

CABDB   CDBDA

对话填词:

1. vacation    2. course   3. lucky   4. August   5. mostly  6. ours  7. freedom  8. space  9. share   10. try

词语翻译”

make use of / make the most of / take advantage of

deal with                make decisions

be equipped with         take / gain / get possession of

in the name of                be rich in

on earth               inspiring news

search for            in exchange for

long before             date back to / date from

find one’s way to         under the command of

It is well known that …        set sail to / from / for

be taken prisoner by           in return

reach out                      bring up

apart from                     adjust to

rely on / upon                laugh at / make fun of

refer to                       run out / run out of

succeed in doing                   contribute to

 

 

 

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