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紫霞仙客的博客

我和我的女儿 我和我的学生

 
 
 

日志

 
 

Unit 7 A Christmas Carol  

2009-08-02 14:47:31|  分类: 高三英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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单元要点

 

 

 

 

 

Word study

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.       bacteria  2. powder  3. standard

4. conscience   5. nephew  6. frost 

7. handwriting  8. overcoat  9. wage  

10. anyway  11. god  12. admit    

13. foolish  14. clap  15. partner 

16. abundant  17. warmth  18. taxpayer    19. personally  20. occupy  21. constant

22. welfare  23. clerk  24. composer

25. novelist  26. firm  27. shadow

28. ambition  29. noble  30. gain 

31. bond  32. indeed  33. goose 

34. selfish  35. bishop  36. choir

1.       细菌  2. 粉末  3. 标准  4. 良心

5. 侄子,外甥  6. 霜  7. 笔迹  8. 外套  9. 工资  10. 无论如何  11. 上帝

12. 承认  13. 愚蠢的  14. 拍手 

15. 伙伴,搭档  16. 丰富的  17. 温暖 

18. 纳税人  19. 就自己而言,亲自

20. 使忙碌,占有  21. 经常的  22. 福利  23. 职员  24. 创作者  25. 小说家  26. 公司  27. 影子  28. 雄心

29. 高贵的  30. 获利  31. 契约 

32. 的确  33..  鹅  34. 自私的 

35. 主教  36. 合唱队                                

Useful expressions

1.       care for  2. leave alone  3. in want of

4. close up   5. pick sb’s pocket  6. have eyes for  7. make money  8. do sb good

9. take sb’s/sth’s place

1.       喜爱,照顾  2. 不管,随……去 

2.       需要  4. 关闭,使靠近  5. 扒窃

6. 喜欢   7. 挣钱   8. 对某人有好处

9. 代替某人/某物

Sentence

patterns & Communicative English

 

表示祝愿:

God save you!   God bless it!    Merry Christmas!   A Merry Christmas! Long life to him!

 

 

 

 

Grammar

 状语(Adverbial)

1.       状语可以由副词、介词短语、不定式或不定式短语、分词或分词短语、形容词、词组、复合结构及从句来表示,间或可以用名词作状语。

He got up early to catch the early train.

The boy lay on the ground, with his eyes staring at the ceiling.

2.       分词或分词短语作状语时,要考虑分词或分词短语与其逻辑主语(即句子的主语)的逻辑关系。主动的用现在分词,被动的用过去分词。

Scolded by his father, the boy was very sad.

Walking through the woods, the two men came across a big bear.

3.       状语从句根据其作用分为时间状语从句、条件状语从句、目的状语从句、结果状语从句、原因状语从句、让步状语从句、方式状语从句、地点状语从句和比较状语从句。

He didn’t attend the meeting, because he was ill.

You must do everything the way I do.

Topic &

Writing

掌握谈论有关社会责任感的话题的方法。

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

1. Who is the person?

    Charles Dickens.

2. What is Charles Dickens?

    He is a famous novelist (小说家).

3. What is his nationality?

    He is an Englishman.

4. Did he write many famous novels?

    Yes, he wrote many novels.

 5. Can you name some of them? 

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 “Hard Times” 

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

“David Copperfield”

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

“A Tale of Two Cities”

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 “Oliver Twist” 

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

“A Christmas Carol”

 

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

《匹克威克外传》(成名作)

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

《老古玩店》

 

Fiction

A Christmas Carol      圣诞颂歌

A Tale of Two Cities    双城记

David Copperfield        大卫科波菲尔

Great Expectations       远大前程

Hard Times                   艰难时事

Oliver Twist                   雾都孤儿

The Old Curiosity Shop老古玩店

The Pickwick Papers      匹克威克外传

背景知识

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens (1812—1870) was one of the greatest English writers in the 19th century. He was the greatest representative of English critical realism. He was born in a poor family and when he was a child, his father was put into prison for debts. In order to make a living, he had to work in an underground cellar at a blacking factory in the East End of London when he was only 12. He had to work hard and long hours there and this was the most unhappy time of all his life. Later he had a chance to study at school, but his miserable life at the factory left an everlasting, painful brand on the boy’s mind. At the age of 15, he became a lawyer’s clerk. After work, he learned shorthand and visited the British Museum Library, filling up the gaps in his education by reading. Then he became a Parliamentary reporter for newspapers. In 1834 he was taken on the staff of a newspaper and went all over the country getting news, writing stories, meeting people and learning about life in general.

He wrote a lot of novels in his life, many of which are word-famous. The most famous ones are “The Pickwick Papers”, “Oliver Twist”, “David Copperfield”, “Bleak House”, “A Tale of Two Cities”, “Great Expetations” and so on.

“A Christmas Carol” was written in 1843.

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 狄更斯

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

Charles John Huffam Dickens (1812-1870)

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

 狄更斯童年生活的地

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

狄更斯故居(伦敦)

Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客Unit 7    A Christmas Carol - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

细说教材

 

Warming up      

…the time in which he lived  他所生活的时代

[点拨] in which he lived是定语从句,修饰the time。这里是“介词+关系代词”引导定语从句,关系代词which代指the time。

e.g. I will never forget the day on which I first met him.

我永远都不会忘记我4第一次见到他的那一天。

[点拨] time 名词,表示(与某情况、经历等有关的)时期。

e.g. University is a good time for me. 我的大学时期十分愉快。

 

Listening

During our sleep we often have dreams. 我们睡觉时经常做梦。

[点拨] dream 用法小结:

1. 名词:梦,梦想 have a dream (of/about …) 做梦,梦(见…)

realize one’s dream实现梦想

e.g. I have a recurrent dream that I’ve turned into an elephant.

我屡次梦见自己变成了大象。

My son’s dream is to be an astronaut. 我儿子的理想是当宇航员。

3.       动词:做梦,梦想 过去式和过去分词是dreamed 或者dreamt.

dream of/about sth/doing sth 梦见某事物。

e.g. I dreamt about flying last night. 我昨夜梦见我在飞翔。

Was it real or did I dream it?是真的还是当时我在做梦?

He dreams of one day becoming a famous violinist.

他梦想有朝一日成为著名的小提琴家。

 

What does Scrooge have to do to avoid Jacob’s fate? 斯克罗奇要怎样做才能避免雅各布的命运?

[点拨] avoid 动词 “stop (sth) happening, prevent” 防止发生(谋事),预防

avoid sb’s fate 避免某人的厄运。

 

The reason why Jacob Marley appears in Scrooge’s dream to warn him is probably because…雅各布·玛利出现在斯克罗奇的梦里警告他的原因可能是……

[点拨] why Jacob Marley appears in Scrooge’s dream to warn him是定语从句修饰先行词the reason。当定语从句的先行词是reason 时,定语从句可以用why, for which 或者that(关系副词) 引导。

 

Speaking

Scrooge has no friends except his partner, Marley 除了他的合伙人玛利以外,斯克罗奇一个朋友也没有。

[点拨] except 介词,意思是“除了…以外”。Except用法小结:

1. except +名词

e.g. The restaurant is open everyday except Monday.

这家商店除星期一外,每天都营业。

2. except +代词

e.g. Everyone except me got an invitation.

除了我以外,所有人都收到了请柬。

3. except +介词短语

e.g. He looked everywhere for the book except in the bedroom.

除了卧室以外,为找那本书他到处都找遍了。

4. except +v-ing形式

He does everything except washing clothes.

他除了洗衣服外,什么活都赶。

5. except+动词不定式

He desired nothing except to go abroad for further study.

他只求出国深造,别无他求。

6. except + that从句

He has no special bad habit except that he smokes too much..

他没有什么特别的坏习惯,就是烟吸得太多。

7. except + when/where/why等从句

It happens every day, except when it rains.

除非是下雨天,天天如此。

I understand everything except why she killed him.

我一切都明白,只是不理解她为什么把他杀死。

8. except for + 名词/代词

e.g. Your composition is very good except for a few spelling mistakes. 你的作文除有几个字拼错外,其余都很好。

 

Neither Scrooge nor Marley care for other people. 斯克罗奇和玛利都不喜欢别人。

[点拨] care for sb 意思是“喜欢某人,照顾某人”。

e.g. I really care for the students in my class.

我确实喜欢我班里的学生。

The child is well cared for. 这孩子被照顾得很好。

[点拨] care for sth 意思是“愿意或同意(做某事),希望或喜欢(做某事)”,用于否定句或疑问句,尤与would 连用。

e.g. Would you care for some coffee? 来点咖啡好吗?

 

They do not care about their employees, their families or poor people in society. 他们不关心他们的雇员、家人和社会上的穷苦的人们。

[点拨] care about 意思是“感兴趣,关心”,多用于否定句和疑问句。

e.g. Don’t you care about anybody? 你难道谁也不关心吗?

I don’t care about what happens to him. 我才不管他的事呢。

 

…some people forget that business is not only about making money and profits. 一些人忘记了做生意不只是为了赚取金钱和利润。

[点拨] 此处,make 意为earn, gain, acquire 赚取(某事物);获得;取得。

e.g. She makes $15 000 a year. 她一年挣15 000美圆。

He made a fortune on the stock market. 他在股票交易中发了财。

 

…to protect the people working for them. 保护为他们工作的人们。

[点拨] working for them “为他们工作”在这里是现在分词短语作定语,修饰the people。

e.g. The boy talking with Mary is my son.

正和玛丽谈话的那个男孩是我儿子。

 

There are also cases of food polluted with poisons or bacteria. 也有一些食品受毒药或细菌污染的事例。

[点拨] case 此处意为“事例,事实,实例”。

e.g. Could you give us a concrete case? 你能给我们举个具体事例吗?

另外,case 还可意为“状况,情形;病例,患者;案件等”。

e.g. This is not the case in our country.在我国情况不是这样的。

He is the first case of cancer the young doctor has treated.

他是这位年轻医生医治的第一位癌症患者。

The case is in fovor of the defendant. 案情陈述有利于被告。

[点拨] case 短语总结

1.       in case +从句 或者in case 作状语

意思是“because of the possibility of sth happening”“以防万一,万一”。

e.g. It may rain—take an umbrella with you in case (it does).

可能下雨---你最好带把伞,以防万一(下雨)。

2. in case of sth 意为“if sth happens” “假如,如果发生某事”。

e.g. In case of fire, ring the alarm bell. 遇火警时立即按警铃。

3. in any case意为“whatever happens or may have happened” “无论如何,总之”。

e.g. Be sure to try your best in any case. 无论如何都要尽你最大的努力。

4. in that case意为“if that happens or has happened; if that is the state of affairs” “既然那样;假如那样的话”。

e.g. You don’t like your job? In that case why don’t you leave?

你不喜欢这份工作?那你怎么不辞掉呢?

5. in no case意为“in no circumstances”  “在任何情形下决不,无论如何都不”。

e.g. He would in no case give in.他决不会屈服的。

Reading

Frost stands on the window. 窗户上结着霜冻。

[点拨] stand 此处意为“在某处,位于”。

e.g. A tall poplar tree once stood here. 这儿曾经有过一棵高大的白杨树。

If I hear another word from you, you will go where it is really cold. 我要是再听你说一句,我就让你到真正冷的地方去

[点拨] 本句中where it is really cold 是状语从句,表示地点。

本句也可以这样表示:If I hear another word from you, you will go to the place where it is really cold.

e.g. Bamboo grows best (in the place) where it is warm and cold.

竹子在温暖潮湿的地方长的好。

Put the raincoat (in the place) where you can easily find it.

把雨衣放在你容易找到的地方。

That’s a poor excuse for picking a man’s pocket every twenty-fifth of December! 每年的十二月二十五日掏人腰包,这个借口不充分。                                                             

[点拨] poor 此处意为“不好的,不充分的,不充足的”。

e.g. We had a poor crop of wheat this year. 今年我们小麦歉收。

[点拨] pick sb’s pocket ---steal money, etc from sb’s pocket 扒窃

have one’s pocket picked 遭扒窃

e.g. He had his pocket picked in the supermarket. 他在超市里遭扒窃了。

Anyway I suppose I will have to let you have it. 不管怎么说,我想我会答应你的。

[点拨] anyway 副词,意思是“无论如何,即使如此(whatever the facts may be; in spite of this)”。

e.g. Whatever you say, I’m going anyway. 不论你说什么,无论如何我也要去。

Let me leave it alone, then. 我才不管它呢.

[点拨] leave sb/sth alone/be ---not disturb or interfere with sb/sth 不打扰或不干预某人[某事物]。

e.g. I’ve told you to leave my things alone. 我告诉过你不要动我的东西。

Much good may it do you. 愿它能给你带来好处!

[点拨] do sb good = do good to sb ---benefit sb “有益于某人“。

e.g. Eat more fruit; it will do you good. 多吃水果,对你有好处。

…women and men open their hearts freely and think of other people男人女人们自由地敞开心扉为别人考虑。

[点拨] open one’s heart “敞开心扉”

open one’s heart to sb “同情;向……讲心里话”。

e.g. Mr. Smith opened his heart to the poor little boy.

史密斯先生对那个可怜的小男孩充满了同情

Mary felt much better after she opened her heart to her mother.

玛丽向母亲讲了心里话之后,感觉好多了。

…you will celebrate Christmas by losing your position. 你就会通过丢了你的工作来庆祝圣诞节了。

[点拨] by losing your position 是介词短语作状语,表示方式。

e.g. You switch the radio on by pressing this button.

按这个按钮就能打开收音机。

By working hard he gained rapid promotion.

他工作努力因而晋级很快。

…many of us enjoy abundant comfort 我们很多人都非常舒适

[点拨] abundant­---more than enough; plentiful 丰富的;充裕的。

e.g. We have abundant proof of his guilt.我们有传充分的证据证明他有罪。

Many thousands are in want of basic needs. 有几千人需要基本的必需品

[点拨] in want of sth---needing sth “需要某事物”。

e.g. The house is in want of repair.  这所房子需要修了。

Personally, I don’t care. 就我而言,我才不管呢。

[点拨] personally ---as far as I am concerned; for myself 意为“就我来说,就自己而言”,常用语一句话的开始,后有逗号。

e.g. Personally, I don’t like him at all. 就我而言,我一点都不喜欢他。

My business occupies me constantly. 我自己的事整天都忙不了了。

[点拨] 此句中occupy 意为“使忙碌,使从事”。

e.g. He was occupied with /in writing a novel. 他忙于写小说。

[点拨] occupy 用法小结:

1. occupy意为 “take up or fill (time, space, sb’s mind, etc)” “占据,充满(时间,空间,某人的头脑等)”。

e.g. The speech occupied three hours. 发言工占去了三个小时。

A bed occupied the corner of the room. 一张床占去了房间的一角。

2. occupy意为 “take possession of and establish troops in (a country, position, etc)” “(军事)占领(国家、阵地等)”。

e.g. The army occupied the enemy’s capital. 军队占领了敌国首都。

3. occupy意为 “live in or have possession of (a house, land, etc)” “占用,占有(房屋、土地等)”。

e.g. The family have occupied the farm for many years.

这家人在农场已居住多年。

They occupy the house next door. 他们住在隔壁。

4. occupy oneself (in doing sth/with sth) “忙着(做某事);忙(于某事)”。

e.g. How does he occupy himself now he is retired?

他既已退休,都如何打发日子呢?

They are all gone.他们都走了。

[点拨] gone 此处是形容词,意为“离开,离去”,另外,gone 还有“过去”之意。

e.g. Gone are the days when you could buy a three-course meal for under $1.

   一顿饭吃三道菜不到一美圆,这日子一去不复返了。

And make it short, because it’s time to close up. 快点说,该关门了。

[点拨] close (sth) up “(尤指暂时)关闭(某事物)”。

e.g. Sorry madam, we’re closing up for lunch.

很抱歉,小姐,我们现在要关门吃饭。

He closes the shop up at 5.30.

他在5点30分停止营业。

close up 还可以指伤口愈合。

e.g. The cut took a long time to close up. 伤口经过很长时间才愈合。

Alone is what you are, and what you have been. 你是孤单的,你一直都是孤单的。

[点拨] 此句是倒装。alone 是副词,在句中作表语,这里是表语前置;其的主语为what you are 和what you have been.

Integrating skills

These are but shadows of the past. 这些只是过去的影子。

[点拨] but 此处是副词,意为“只,仅仅”。

e.g. He is but a boy. 他不过是个孩子。

I don’t think we can succeed. Still we can but try.

我想我们不会成功,但是,不妨试一试。

Another idol has taken my place. 另一个偶像取代了我。

[点拨] take sb’s/sth’s place`; take the place of sb/sth 代替某人/某事物

e.g. She couldn’t attend the meeting so her assistant took her place.

她不能出席会议,所以由助手替她。

Nothing could take the place of the family he had lost.

他失去了家庭,这一损失是无法弥补的。

That’s not what life is about! 钱不是生活的全部!

[点拨] what life is about 是从句作表语。

You only have eyes for money. 你就只爱钱。


[点拨] (only) have eyes for sb/sth. ; have eyes (only) for sb/sth---only be interested in or in love with (a specified person) (只)对……感兴趣;(只)爱恋/喜欢……

e.g. In Amsterdam, I had eyes only for the Rembrandts.

在阿姆斯特丹,我只想看伦勃朗的名画。

All the girls liked Fred, but he had eyes only for Helen.

姑娘们全都喜欢弗雷德,但是他却只对海伦感兴趣。

[点拨] have an eye/a good eye for… 意为“对……有眼光”。

e.g. He has an eye for the fair and the beautiful. 他有审美眼光。

You’ve got it all wrong. 你全弄错了。

[点拨] 此句中 all 副词,意为“completely 完全地”,修饰 wrong;wrong 是形容词,作it 的宾语补足语。

Nobody knows it better than you do, poor fellow. 没有人比你更了解他了,可怜的人。

[点拨] know sb/sth well 对……熟知,对……很了解;do 代指knows。

Grammar

语法:状语(The Adverbial)

(一)状语可以由以下成分表示

1. 副词

e.g. He secretly decided to leave the town. 他私下决定离开这座城市。

We’ll raise the money somehow. 我们将来以某种方式筹集这笔钱。

2. 介词短语

e.g. He traveled in the desert for six months. 他在沙漠里走了六个月。

We have friends all over the world. 我们的朋友遍天下。

3. 不定式(短语)

e.g. I went there to see my grandmother. 我到那里去看我奶奶。

The suitcase is too heavy to be carried by a child. 箱子太重小孩拿不动。

4. 分词(短语)

e.g. Being a poor teacher, he can’t afford to buy a car. 他是一位穷教师,买不起汽车。

Compared to her affection, nothing else had any worth. 和她的感情相比,别的东西都没有什么价值。

5. 形容词

e.g. He said nothing but sat silent smoking. 他没说话,只静坐在那里抽烟。

Fresh from the oven, rolls are delicious. 刚出炉的小面包很好吃。

6. 词组

e.g. I shall stay another five months. 我将再待五个月。

First thing in the morning we swept the courtyard for the landlord. 每天早上我们的第一件事就是给房东扫院子。

7.       复合结构

e.g. It being a holiday, the library isn’t open. 这天是假日,图书馆不开门。

They will send you the book for $2.50, postage included. 他们将把书寄给你,书价2.50美圆,邮资在内。

8.       从句

e.g. Next time you come in, please close the door. 下次你进来时请关好门。

However often I try, I can’t find the answer. 不管尝试多少次,我都找不到答案。

9.       有时可以用名词作状语。

e.g. That night on the way home, I looked down and found the necklace was not there any more. 我们坐了好几个钟头等你。

She’s feeling miles better today. 她今天感到好多了。

(二)关于分词作状语

1. 分词或分词短语作状语时,可以表示时间、原因、行为方式、伴随状况等。

2. 分词短语作状语时,其逻辑主语必须与句子的主语一致。如果分词与句子的主语是主动关系,用doing 表示与谓语动词同时发生或进行的动作,用having done 表示在谓语动词之前的动作。如果分词与句子的主语是被动关系,则用done 强调在谓语动词之前发生的动作,也可用having been done。

e.g. He lay still, staring at the ceiling. 他静静地躺着,茫然地望着天花板。

Having been warned about the bandits, she left her valuables at home.

由于有人警告她有盗匪,她把贵重物品都留在家里。

(三)状语从句的类型

1.       时间状语从句(Adverbial Clause of Time)

时间状语从句主要由以下这些连词引导:when, while, as, before, after, until, till, since, whenever等;有时由一些起着连词作用的词或词组来引导:as soon as, no sooner…than, the last time, once, next time, the first time, the moment, immediately, now(that)等。

e.g.1.  While the discussion was going on, George came in.

讨论正在进行时乔治进来了。

e.g.2.  The moment he spoke I recognized his voice. 他一说话我就听出了他的声音。

2.       条件状语从句 (Adverbial Clause of Condition)

条件状语从句主要由下列连词引导:if, unless, supposing, suppose, provided 等;有时由一些起着连词作用的词组来引导:so long as, as long as, in case, on condition that, even if等。

e.g.1.  Suppose she finds out, what shall we do then? 假如她发现了,我们怎么办?

e.g.2.  In case he arrives before I get back, please ask him to wait.

如果我还没回来他就到了,请让他稍等。

3.       目的状语从句 (Adverbial Clause of Purpose)

目的状语从句主要由以下这些连词引导:in order that, so that, so, that, lest等;有时由一些起着连词作用的词组引导:for fear (that), in case等。

e.g.1.  Ask her to hurry up with the letters so that I can sign them.让她快点把信打好,以便我能签字。

e.g.2. She didn’t dare to call me for fear they might hear us. 她不敢叫我,唯恐他们会听到。

4. 结果状语从句  (Adverbial Clause of Result)

结果状语从句主要由so…that, such…that引导, that有时可以省略,特别是在口语中。

e.g. They had such a fierce dog that no one dared to go near their house. 他们的狗那样凶,谁也不敢走近他们家。

5. 原因状语从句 ((Adverbial Clause of Reason)

原因状语从句主要由以下这些连词引导:because, as, since。有时由seeing, considering, now that, given等引导。

e.g.1. Because it was wet he took a taxi.由于下雨他叫了一辆出租车。

e.g.2. Considering he has only just started, he knows quite a lot about it. 考虑到他刚刚开始,对此他算是知道得很多了。

6. 让步状语从句 (Adverbial Clause of Concession)

引导让步状语从句的连词主要有:although, though, even though, even if, while, whereas等。

e.g. She still loved him even though he had treated her so badly. 尽管他待她那样差,她还是爱他。

7.方式状语从句(Adverbial Clause of Manner)

引导方式状语从句的连词主要有:as, like, as if, as though, however等,the way 也常可引导方式状语从句。

e.g.1. She looked a bit queer, as if she knew something. 她显得有点怪,仿佛她知道什么情况似的。

e.g.2. He doesn’t speak the way I do. 他不象我这样说话。

8. 地点状语从句 (Adverbial Clause of Place)

引导地点状语从句的连词主要有:where, wherever, everywhere, anywhere等,no matter where 也可以引导地点状语从句。

e.g.1. Put in an article where (it is necessary). 在必要的地方填入冠词。

e.g.2. Keep you mobile phone with you no matter where you are. 不管在哪里你都要带着手机。

9. 比较状语从句(Adverbial Clause of Comparison)

引导比较状语从句的连词主要是than和as。

e.g. It was more expensive than I thought. 它比我想的要贵。

课文译文

圣诞颂歌(一)

埃:埃比尼泽·斯克罗奇  圣:圣诞老人  弗:弗雷德,斯克罗奇的外甥 

鲍:鲍勃·克拉特基特    绅:绅士                                               

(斯克罗奇的办公室)

埃:你在那儿干什么,鲍勃?

鲍:我在暖手,斯克罗奇先生。这里太冷了。

埃:我一周付给你15先令是为了让你暖手的吗?

鲍:我太冷了,斯克罗奇先生。窗户上都结霜了,我的手冻得不能写字,我写的字连我自己都认不出来。

埃:冻得不能写字。耍花招!你要是工作努力些,你就不会冷了。穿上你的外套。我要是再听你说一句,我就让你到真正冷的地方去。

(鲍勃试着在蜡烛上暖手。)

鲍:对不起,斯克罗奇先生。嗯……明天是圣诞节。

埃:那又怎么样?我猜你想明天一整天都不上班,是不是?

鲍:如果方便的话,先生。

埃:不方便,也不公平。你不干活我还得付给你一整天的工资。

鲍:这可是一年才一次的圣诞节呀,斯克罗奇先生。

埃:每年的十二月二十五日掏人家腰包,这个借口不充分。不过,不管怎么说,我想我会答应你的。但是,你得保证第二天一大早就到办公室!喔,是谁?是我外甥弗雷德。

(一个年轻人走进来。)

弗:圣诞快乐,舅舅!愿上帝拯救你!

埃:哈!耍花招!

弗:圣诞节耍花招?舅舅,你不是这个意思,我敢肯定。

埃:我是这个意思。圣诞快乐!你有什么理由快乐?你这么穷。

弗:那么,你有什么理由不快乐?你这么富有。

埃:哈!耍花招!

弗:求你了,舅舅。这样不好。

埃:外甥,你用你的方式庆祝圣诞,让我用我的方式庆祝吧!

弗:庆祝,是的!但是,你不庆祝圣诞。

埃:是的。我才不管它呢。愿它能给你带来很多好处!但是你必须承认到现在还没有!看你现在多穷!

弗:有很多东西不能给我带来利润却给我带来好处。圣诞节是个愉快的节日。一年中只有这时候人会不只为自己着想,男人女人们自由地敞开心扉为别人考虑。所以,尽管它从来没有往我口袋里放一片金子或银子,我相信它给我带来好处了,也将会给我带来好处。我说,愿上帝保佑它!来,明天和我们一起吃饭!

(鲍勃鼓掌。)

埃:别傻鼓掌了!再让我听到你发出一点声音,你就会通过丢了你的工作来庆祝圣诞了!

(弗雷德离开了,一位绅士走进来。)

绅:斯克罗奇马利店,我敢肯定。你是斯克罗奇还是马利?                                                                                         

埃:斯克罗奇是我的姓。我的搭档七年前死了,就在今夜。

绅:在一年的这个节日里,斯克罗奇先生,当我们很多人都非常舒适的时候,我们想请你向穷人敞开心扉,他们非常痛苦。有几千人需要基本的必需品;成千上万人需要基本的舒适的设施,先生。

埃:没有监狱吗?还有避难所?

绅:有好多监狱,但是不能提供温暖。我们正在筹钱为穷人买些肉和喝的东西,以及一些取暖的东西。你想做点贡献吗?

埃:不。我不能花钱给那些蠢人买快乐。监狱以及类似的地方已经花了像我这样的诚实的纳税人够多的钱了,那些该离开的人必须到那里去。

绅:很多人不能去那里;并且很多人宁愿死也不愿去。

埃:如果他们宁愿死,他们最好去死吧。就我而言,我才不管呢。那不是我的事。我自己的事整天都忙不了了。下午好,绅士!(他们都走了)好的,他们都走了。

(斯克罗奇睡着了。)

圣:啊,啊,啊!

埃:这是耍什么花招?鲍勃,是你吗?谁在那儿?

圣:啊,啊,啊。斯克罗奇,我要找的人。就我们俩。

埃:你是谁?你是干什么的?快点说,该关门了。

圣:你的福利,我亲爱的斯克罗奇斯!不要担心时间,我们有的是时间。啊,啊,啊。

埃:耍花招。我不相信圣诞老人。别打扰我。

圣:你现在是孤单的,你一直都是孤单的。你记得你的梦吗,斯克罗奇?想想你的未来吧。

埃:(害怕地)对于我的梦你知道什么?

圣:啊,啊,啊。人们的梦我都知道,斯克罗奇。跟我来,我会让你看看的。

综合技能

圣诞颂歌(二)

埃:埃比尼泽·斯克罗奇   圣:圣诞老人 姑:姑娘      小:小斯克罗奇

全:全体  鲍:鲍勃·克拉特基特  克:克拉特基特太太 

彼:彼得·克拉特基特  女:小女孩  男:小男孩

 

埃:我们这是在哪里?

圣:啊,啊,啊。你难道认不出来了吗,斯克罗奇?你是在这里长大的。通过这个窗户看看吧。

(他们看着一个年轻小伙子和一个年轻姑娘)

姑:我们之间完了,你难道不明白吗?

埃:是我和莉莎。不可能是真的!我怎么能看着我自己?

圣:你不是在看自己,斯克罗奇。这些只是过去的影子。看吧,听吧。

姑:你不再关心我了。另一个偶像取代了我。

小:你在说什么?什么偶像取代了你?

姑:一个金子做的偶像。

小:你是什么意思?

姑:你现在所想的都是怎样才能变得富有。

小:贫穷是可怕的命运,所以,赚钱没有什么不好。

姑:那不是生活的全部!你就只爱钱。你所有别的希望和梦想都汇入一个野心。我看着你的高尚点的抱负一个接一个的消失,直到只剩一个,那就是利润。                                                                                                                                                                                             

小:那又怎么了?我对你并没有改变。

姑:我们开始恋爱时我们都很穷并且很满足。你已经变了,那时你不是这样的。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

小:耍花招!你全弄错了。

姑:但愿是我弄错了!我们最好还是分手吧。

埃:走吧。我不想看这个。我不是那样的。

圣:你不喜欢,斯克罗奇?我们看另外一个小场景吧,你未来的生活中可能会经历到。

(他们观看一个家庭庆祝会)

女:爸爸迟到了。我想是因为他走得比过去慢了,所以来晚了。

克:我知道他背着……,我知道他背着小蒂姆走路,的确非常快。

全:真的。

克:但是他背起来很轻,而且他的爸爸那么爱他,那就不是什么麻烦了,一点都不麻烦。

女:他来了!

鲍:亲爱的,你们做的鹅可真漂亮。我敢说从来没有做得这么好的鹅。啊,还有,了不起的布丁。我们大家圣诞快乐,亲爱的。愿上帝保佑我们!

全:圣诞快乐!

鲍:我们不应该忘记斯克罗奇先生。对于斯克罗奇先生,我们应该为了这顿盛宴而感谢他。

克:不,不要感谢斯克罗奇,那个卑鄙、苛刻、自私的老家伙。你知道他是那样的,鲍勃。没有人比你更了解他了,可怜的人。他让他的职员们工作那么多小时,他付给你们那么少的钱。我们从来没有钱给小蒂姆买药,愿上帝保佑他。

鲍:亲爱的,现在是圣诞节,我们不应该忘记斯克罗奇先生。愿他长命百岁!

埃:圣诞老人,小蒂姆在哪里?发生了什么事?告诉我小蒂姆会活着的,发发慈悲吧!

圣:啊,啊,啊。斯克罗奇,这些是将来有可能发生的事的影子。

埃:有可能发生,但是不一定发生,是不是?上帝,为此该表扬!圣诞老人!听我说!我已不是以前的我了。我将改变我的生活,相信我!

圣:啊,啊,啊。好老埃比尼泽·斯克罗奇,这是圣诞夜,你难道不应该到什么地方去吗?

埃:啊,是的,确实应该。我要去看弗雷德,不,还是先去看鲍勃吧,时间不多了。哈哈,我不知该做什么。全世界圣诞快乐!孩子,你知道拐角附近的肉店吗?  

男:知道。

埃:好孩子!哈!哈!拿着这些钱,让他们把最大的火鸡给鲍勃·克拉特基特送去。哈!哈!有两个小蒂姆大。

(斯克罗奇走向鲍勃·克拉特基特的家)

埃:早上好,鲍勃。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

鲍:早上好,斯克罗奇先生。刚才有人送来一个大火鸡,实在对不起,斯克罗奇先生,肯定搞错了。我,我……

埃:你没有搞错,鲍勃,正相反。一个够你们全家人好好吃一顿的大火鸡,并且,明天你来上班时我们用主教的酒为新年干杯。我是来祝你们大家圣诞快乐的。

鲍:但是,斯克罗奇先生,你太大方了!谢谢你,并祝你圣诞快乐!

全:圣诞快乐!新年快乐!

 

2.Ability goals

a. Enable the students to appreciate a play and know the characters of the persons in a play.

b. Enable the students to discuss about a person.

3.Learning ability goals: Teach the students how to know the characters of the persons in a play by learning his words and behaviors.

Teaching important points

a. Talk about social responsibilities.

b. Get the main idea of the play.

c. Discuss the question of comprehension: What kind of person is Scrooge?

Teaching difficult points

a. Appreciate the beauty of a play.

b. Make the students find Scrooge’s real feelings and what kind of person Scrooge is.

c. Enable them to understand how selfish and mean Scrooge is.

Teaching methods

1. Listening to the tape;

2. Group discussion and presentation;

3. Multi-functional teaching equipment

Teaching procedures & ways

Step Ⅰ Lead-in

Ask them to have a discussion in order to make them further understand the knowledge of Christmas and try to make them realize Christmas is the time when everyone should open their hearts to others and be friendly to others.

No one is an exception.

T: There are three questions to discuss.

1. How is Christmas Eve celebrated in western countries?

2. What Christmas songs do people sing? Can you sing some of them?

3. What do you know, about Santa Claus? What is his role?

 

Step II  Pre-reading

Get the students to know some general knowledge about Charles Dickens’ play—A Christmas Carol by asking them some simple questions. This step is very important because it is easier for the students to further understand the main idea of the play. Explain the general knowledge as patiently as possible.

 

Step III  Reading

1. Details checking

Ask the students questions about the main idea. But the teacher should make sure that the students can answer all the questions because only so can the students know what kind of person Scrooge is.

T: Now I think you must know the details of the play.

Please look at the sentences in the slide. Try your best to judge whether they are true or false.

1. It was cold in Scrooge’s office and Bob had to warm himself over the candles.

2. Scrooge was willing to let Bob have a day off because it would be Christmas the next day.

3. Scrooge was invited by his niece and he accepted the invitation happily.

4. A gentleman arrived at Scrooge’s office because he wanted to collect some money for the poor.

5. Scrooge didn’t want to give the poor any money because he was poor himself.

6. In Scrooge’s dream he met his old friend—Jacob Marley.

 

Step IV  Listening

This time the students should listen to the tape as carefully as possible. They should not only pay attention to the pronunciation and intonation but also understand the main idea of the play as well.

 

Step Ⅴ  Play-acting

This step aims at making the students fully involved in the situation. In this step, the students’ performances are the most important things. So the teacher should act as a guide. Don’t interrupt them if they make mistakes.

 

Step Ⅵ  Post-reading

In this procedure, the students are asked to read the play once more. But this time they should read the play more carefully. As a result, more difficult questions will be asked so as to check whether the students have really grasped the character of Scrooge and how his words and actions show his character.

 

 

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