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我和我的女儿 我和我的学生

 
 
 

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Unit 12 Education  

2009-08-02 15:31:18|  分类: 高三英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 12  Education

I. 单元教学目标

技能目标Skill Goals

▲Learn about education in China and other countries

▲Talk about study methods and learning styles

▲Practise making comparisons

▲Integrative language practice

▲Write report

II. 目标语言

 

 

 

 

 

 

功  能  句  式

1. One of the problems in providing compulsory education for all children is getting girls to attend school and making sure they do not leave before they finish.

2. The number of children attending school increased between 1985 and 2002.

3. It’s traditional for boys to get an education while girls stay at home to do housework.

4. It is reported that 99% of school-age children in China attended primary school by 2004.

5. In China, as in other countries, the government realizes that the future welfare of its citizens is closely linked to education.

6. In areas where agriculture plays an important role, people do not attach importance to education, and parents are skeptical of anything that takes children away from their work on the farm.

7. In some cultures parents are particularly unwilling to send their daughters to school because the custom is to educate boys rather than girls.

      

 

 

 

1. 四会词汇

load, workload, strict, compulsory, commitment, skeptical, tendency, absent, expand, distribute, corporation, donate, curriculum, ministry, worldwide, aspect, profession, alongside, advocate, housewife, obtain, evident, recorder, select, suit, restriction, schedule, presentation

2. 认读词汇

Confucius, Anton Makarenko, Anne Sullivan, Helen Keller, forum, Turks and Caicos Islands, Alice Springs, computerize, Lesotho, charity, label, axis, measurement

3. 词组

to begin with, drop out (of), result in, attach ... to ...

4. 重点词汇

load, donate, absent, aspect, advocate, obtain, suit, schedule, expand, select, attach ... to ...

Many communities have lower hopes and requirements of females, and it is traditional for boys to get an education while girls stay at home to do housework.

 

 

 

 

 

重  点 句 子

1. It is reported that 99% of school-age children in China attended primary school by 2004. P103

2. In China, as in other countries, the government realizes that the future welfare of its citizens is closely linked to education. P103

3. In areas where agriculture plays an important role, people do not attach importance to education, and parents are skeptical of anything that take children away from their work on farm. P103

4. In some cultures parents are particularly unwilling to send their daughters to school because the custom is to educate boys rather than girls. P 103

5. To solve this, Australia uses “distance learning” methods, where the students have lessons by two-way radio and mail.  P 103

6. In these countries, where some people do not even have fresh water or basic health care, reaching the target of “Education for All” will be a huge task, despite help from the international community. P104

III. 教材分析与教材重组

  1. 教材分析

   本单元以education为话题,旨在通过单元教学,使学生了解我国和其他国家的教育情况以及学习方法和策略,并学会进行比较和写文章。

   1. 1 WARMING UP 提供了四幅有关educators的图片:Confucius(孔子),Anton Makarenko(安东·马卡连科), Anne Sullivan and Helen Keller(安·萨利文和海伦·凯勒),Tao Xingzhi(陶行知)。课前布置学生搜集这四位教育家的信息(主要包括time, country, way of teaching),并找出一句自己喜欢的教育名言。

   1. 2 LISTENING是关于中美两国教育比较。其中涉及class size, method of teaching/teaching style, homework以及 exams等方面的信息。要求学生们不仅要听懂,而且要根据表格(P101)纪录下主要数据信息。

   1. 3 SPEAKING 描述P102页的两个图表,并根据其中的问题进行讨论,阐述自己的观点。

   1. 4 PRE-READING是READING的热身活动。要求学生结合SPEAKING所讨论内容,对照自己学校的情况,引导学生对课文的兴趣,以便他们进一步明确自己的观点。

   1. 5 READING是essay。其中介绍了中国以及全球教育所面临的问题和解决方案。

   1. 6 POST-READING共四个题。第一题Choose the best heading for each paragraph,其目的在于培养、训练学生的概括能力;第二题要求学生注意文中的细节信息,训练学生把握细节的能力;第三题要求找出distance learning, mixed-grade classes, money from international organizations和money from local organizations等methods所对应的国家;第四题要求学生根据课文内容,结合现实形成自己的观点,从自己的周围找问题,并努力解决问题,其目的在于:培养学生的综合分析信息,发现问题、解决问题的能力。

   1. 7 LANGUAGE PRACTICE 共五个题。第一题,要求讨论并定义所给十个单词;第二题,运用本单元生词进行短文填空;第三题,参照一段文字完成一个graph(对照SPEAKING部分);第四题,用所给单词替换短文中的划线单词或短语;第五题,概括总结第三题文字的内容。目的在于:结合SPEAKING部分,让学生学会描述graph或chart,以及根据文字描述画出graph或chart。

   1. 8 INTEGRATING SKILLS分Reading和Writing两个部分,第一部分的Reading是阅读短文HOW WE LEARN,其后的三个训练题目的在于帮助学生了解自己的学习方法,并通过讨论进一步改进自己的学习;第二部分的Writing要求学生根据课本所给提示的(Outline)结合自己的实际情况写出一个Report,对自己的学习方法和策略进行分析。其目的在于培养学生写作能力和解决实际问题的能力。

 2. 教材重组

   2.1从话题内容上分析,WARMING UP 和SPEAKING以及Workbook中的SPEAKING比较一致; 将这三部分整合在一起,设计成一节任务型“口语课”。目的在于引入教育话题,同时让学生了解中国和美国教育的现状,激发学生进一步了解这一话题内容的兴趣,为后面的Reading做好铺垫。

   2.2 LISTENING与Workbook中的LISTENING相一致,将两个LISTENING整合在一起,设计成一节 “听力课”。

   2.3 将PRE-READING, READING和POST-READING三个活动整合在一起设计成一节“阅读课”。

   2.4 将Education for all中的语言点和LANGUAGE PRACTICE设计成一节语言学习课。

   2.5将INTEGRATING SKILLS中的Reading和补充短文整合起来上一节“泛读课”。

   2.6将LANGUAGE PRACTICE和INTEGRATING SKILLS中的Writing整合成一节“写作课”。

   3. 课型设计与课时分配(经教材分析,根据学情,本单元可以用六课时教完)

   1st Period           Speaking

   2nd Period          Listening

   3rd Period          Reading

   4th Period          Language study

   5th Period          Extensive reading

   6th Period          Writing

 

 

 

【2010高考必备】752个高中英语词组总汇

 

    说明:所总结的组词组来自高中英语老教材四册,新教材四册和新概念英语四册中易混淆的词组,部分来自历年来各省模拟试卷中,都是英语中的最核心词组。只要您细心体会,牢牢记住,英语定会有很大进步的。

1. be absent from…. 缺席,不在

2. absence of mind(=being absent-minded)  心不在焉

3. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):

be absorbed in 全神贯注于…

近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on

4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有

5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外.

Without accident(=safely) 安全地,

7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地

8. in accord with 与…一致           .                  

out of one’s accord with 同….不一致

9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地

10. in accordance with (=in agreement with)  依照,根据

11. on one’s own account

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益

2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责

3) (=by oneself)依靠自己

on account 赊账;

on account of 因为;

on no account不论什么原因也不;

of …account 有…..重要性.

12. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去

13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for)  解释, 说明.

15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.

16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ;

blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

18. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

19. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演;  

act  for 代理

20. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

21. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

22. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

23. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

24. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

25. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

26. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;

27. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for)   …的可能,留有…的余地.

28. in  advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.

29. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.

30. have an advantage over 胜过.

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

31. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.

32. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意

33. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

34. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;…………….            

ahead of time 提前.

35. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体.  2)在谣传中.

36. above all (=especially, most important of all)     尤其是, 最重要的.

37. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计

38. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;

all at once(=suddenly)突然;

once and for all 只此一次;

above all 最重要的;

first of all 首先;

all in all 大体上说;

be all in 累极了;

all but 几乎.

39. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.

40. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.

41. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.

42. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.

43. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for

44. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉

45. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁.  

appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

46. apply to sb. for sth.  为…向…申请     ;         

apply for申请;  apply to 适用.

47. apply to 与…有关;适用

48. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准

49. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.

50. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.  安排…做…

51. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; 

arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

52. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of  sth. done) 以…为羞耻

53. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.

54. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结

55. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…

56. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;

attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料

57. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法

58. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果

59. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均

60. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.

61. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面

62. in the back of 在…后部(里面);

on the back of 在…后部(外面);

be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.

63. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护;

have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台

64. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃

65. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)

66. be based on / upon 基于

67. on the basis of  根据…, 在…基础上

68. beat…at  在…运动项目上打赢

69. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

70. on behalf of (=as the representative of)  以…名义

71. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.

72. benefit (from)  受益,得到好处.

73. for the benefit of  为了…的利益(好处)

74. for the better  好转

75. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.

76. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时;

give birth to 出生

77. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人        .            

blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

78. in blossom开花(指树木)

be in blossom开花(强调状态)

come into blossom开花(强调动作)

79. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机

80. boast of (or about) 吹嘘

81. out of breath 喘不过气来

82. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之

83. in bulk 成批地,不散装的

84. take the floor 起立发言

85. on  business 出差办事.

86. be busy with sth.忙于某事                                          

be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

87. last  but  one  倒数第二.

88. last but not least最后一点但也是最重要的一点

89. but  for (=without)  要不是. 表示假设

90. buy sth. for…money  用多少钱买

91. be capable of  能够, 有能力

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的

92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何

93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;

94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一

    in the case of 至于…, 就…而言

95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)

96. be cautious of 谨防

97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上

98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.

99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然

101. for a change换换环境(花样等)

102. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…

103. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)

     in the charge of …由…管

104. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)

105. charge…for 因…索取(费用)      ,           

charge sb. with sth.  控告某人犯有…

106. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地

107. comment on 评论

108. commit oneself to 使自己承担…

commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱;

commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来;

commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论

109. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用.

be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的

110. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.

111. compare…with … 把…与…比较

112. compare…to… 把…比作…

113. by comparison 比较起来

114. in comparison with (=in contrast to)  和…比起来

115. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补

compensate sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补

116. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情;

complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…;

complain (抱怨); complement (补充);

compliment (恭维)

117. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从

118. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider)  想象,设想

119. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心

120. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关

121. concern oneself about / with 关心

122. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点;    at the conclusion of 当…结束时;

123. condemn sb. to 判决

124. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如.

in that = because 因为;

now that = since 既然

for all that = although 尽管

125. in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit) 健康状况好/不好.

in good (bad) condition处于良好(坏)状态

126. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认;

confess to a crime 承认罪行.

127. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖

128. in confidence 推心置腹地;

with confidence 满怀信心地;

have confidence in 对…有信心

129. confidence in sb. / sth. 对…的信赖

130. be confident of 有信心;

confidential 机密的

131. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内

132. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)

133. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;

1)obey服从;

2) observe;

3)comply with照…办;

4)keep to遵循;

5)abide by服从;

6)stick to按..做

134. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临

135. congratulate sb. on 祝贺

136. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,

137. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道

138. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意

139. in consequence (=as a result) 结果

140. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果

141. under consideration 在考虑中

142. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于

143. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不

145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到, 把…考虑进去

146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs)   体贴的, 考虑他人需要的,

considerable相当大的,值得考虑的

147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致

148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in一贯的,

149. consult sb. on/ about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教

150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快

151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事

152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反

153. on the contrary 相反

154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)

155. in contrast to/with 和…形成对比

by contrast 对比之下

156. contribute to 有助于

157. under control (被)控制住 out of control无法控制

158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点    .     

be convenient to / for 对…方便

159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使某人确信,

try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…

160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理

161. in the corner(of)在角落里;

on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;

round the comer拐过弯;

be in a tight corner陷入困境

162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信

163. correspond to 相当于      .      

correspond with 符合,一致

164. at all costs不惜任何代价        .            

at the cost of 以…为代价

165. a matter of course 理所当然的事

166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地

167. in (during) the course 在…过程中

168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候

169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; 

to one’s credit使某人感到光荣;

do sb. credit  使…感到光荣

170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的

171. cure sb. of+某种疾病   治好某人的疾病

172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中;

be out of danger脱离危险

173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止

174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的;

date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有)

175. deal with (=concern) 论及

176. be in debt to sb.  欠…的债

177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中     

in decline 下降;  on the increase 在增加

178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴

to one’s regret 遗憾;

sorrow悲痛;

relief 安心;

distress 苦恼;

shame羞愧;

surprise 惊奇;

astonishment 惊奇;

179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐

180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐

181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西.

demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西

182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时

183. be dependent on 依靠

184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物

185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.

derive from(=come from)起源于

186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望

187. in despair 绝望

188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管

189. in detail 详细地

190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办

191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食

192. differ from…in  与…的区别在于…

193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,

194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除

195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退;

      in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪

196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列

197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉

198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议

199. in dispute 在争议中

200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出

201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from)   与…截然不同

202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别

203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开

204. do away with(=get rid of) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压

205. have…to do with 与…有关系

206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地

207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑

208. be due to 是由于

209. come off duty 下班

210. go on duty 上班

211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时

212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做)

213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望

214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱

215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力

216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话

217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然

218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力

219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束

220. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束

221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省

222. have an effect on 对…有影响

223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效

224. go into effect 生效. ( 近: come into effect; take effect;  be brought into effect)

225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上

226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效

227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果

228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效

229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…

230. to that effect 是那个意思的…

231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)

232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上

233. encourage sb. in 鼓励;

encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作;

encourage sb. in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲

234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事

235. on end (=continuously) 连续地

236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了

237. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量

238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终

239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽

240. end up with 以…而结束

241. come to and end (=finish) 结束

242. end in 以…为结束

243. engage in 或 be engaged in 忙于,从事

244. enter for (=put the name on a list for)    报名参加

245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)

246. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始 (一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)

247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…

248. be equal to 等于

249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.)  (某人)能胜任,能应付

on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地

250. be equipped with 装备有,装有

251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于

252. in essence (=in its/one’s nature) 本质上

253. at all events  (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何

254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样

255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but连用)

256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时

257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有..

258. except (=but) 除了。

259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外

260. (an) exception to  …的例外

261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外

262. in excess of (=more than) 超过

263. exchange…for  以…交换

264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括

265. in excuse of  作为…的借口

266. exert…on…  对…施加…

267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲

268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在;

come into use开始使用; come into effect开始运转;

come into fashion开始时新;

come into action开始行动;

come into power开始执政;

come into sight进入视野;

come into blossom开花;

269. (be) in existence存在

come into existence 出现

270. expect…of  在…期望…

271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲

272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)

273. be exposed to…  面临…, 受到….

274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的

275. give expression to 表达, 表现

find expression in  表现

276. to …extent  在…程度上

277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其

278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)

279. close (shut) one’s eyes to不理会,视而不见

280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中

281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间

282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视

283. in the eyes of /in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里

284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来

285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)

286. in one’s face当着某人的面; face to faced面对面; face up to 大胆面向

287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败

288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地

289. keep faith with 对…守信用

290. lose faith in  对…失去信心

291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地

292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚

293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯

294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于

295. familiar with 熟悉,了解

296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要

297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢

298. by far 远, 非常 (与比较级或最高级连用)

299. far from 远远不是

300. far from 非但不…(而且)

301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行

302. after the fashion (of) 依照…

303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵

304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错

305. in favour of  赞成

306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱;

    out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠

307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利

308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的

309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心

310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕

311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心

312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养

313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了

314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要

315. fill in  填写

316. fill out ( =fill in )填写

317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就

318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事

319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火

320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见

321. for the first time 第一次 (作状语)

322. in the first place 首先, 第一

323. fit into 刚好放入

324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement)    合适, 相配, 一致

325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合

326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上

focus sth. on  把…集中在…上

327. be fond of  喜欢

328. (be) in force 有效 , 实施

329. go into force 开始生效

330. by force 靠武力, 强行

331. force…on  把…强加给…

332. in the form of 以…形式

333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气

334. free of charge 免费

335. be freed from 免受, 没有…

336. in front of 在…前面

in the front of 在…前部

337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供

338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常

339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at看一眼(强调动作)

340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用

be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好 

341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等)

342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地

343. take…for granted (=assume to be true)把…认为理所当然的.

344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人

345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于…

346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空

347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕

(be) on guard 站岗

348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止  guard…against 警卫…防止

349. guess at  猜, 估计

350. by guess  靠猜

351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失

352. be in the habit of 习惯于

353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)

354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)

355. get (fall) into the habit of养成了…的习惯

356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住

357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)

358. by hand 用手工(做)

359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作

360. in hand 1)在手边 2)(=under control)控制住

361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责

362. live from hand to mouth勉强度日,现挣现吃

363. at the head of 在…的前头

364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进

365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过

366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上

367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上

368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵)

369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地

370. with all one’s heart全心全意地,真心实意

371. hinder…from(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做

372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假

go on holiday = go for a holiday

373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束,熟悉

374. be honest in诚实

375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念

376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保

377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有

378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是

379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地

380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同

381. be identified with 被视为与…等同

382. in ignorance of 不知道…

383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge)  对…不了解,不知道

384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响

385. impose…on  把…强加给

386. impress…on  给…留下印象

387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 给…留下印象

388.under the impression that有..的印象,认为

389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进

improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好

390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些

391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转

392. include…in 把…列在…里面

393. inclusive of 把…包括在内

394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的

395. indicative of 表明, 说明

396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎

397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to比…好

398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉

399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的

400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要

401. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是…

402. instruct…in (=teach) 教.指导.训练某人…

403. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证

404. insure…against 保险…以防

405. intend…for 打算把…给

406. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决

407. in the interests of 符合…的利益

be interested in 对…感兴趣

408. interfere in干涉, interfere with打搅,干扰

409. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离

410. intervene in 干预

411. invest  in  投资

412. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加

413. by itself (=alone, without help)单独地,靠自己

414. in itself 本身;  of itself 自发,自然

415. be jealous of 妒忌

416. jump at (=to be eager to accept)抢着接受,

417. jump on (=scold, tell of) 叱责

418. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低.

419. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望

420. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for) 密切注视

421. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)不告诉别人

422. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知

423. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外

at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上

at large(=at full length; with details)详细地

424. lean against (背)靠着…

425. at least 至少;  at most 至多

426. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不)

427. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候

428. lend itself/themselves to适合于(某用途)

429. at length (=after a long time, at last)终于

at length (=in detail, thoroughly)详细地

430. go to any length想一切办法, 尽一切力量

431. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚)

432. be liable for 对…应负责任的

433. lie in 在于

434. in life 一生中

435. for life 终身

436. in the light of (=considering; taking into account) 考虑到, 根据

437. throw light on ( = make clear, explain)   使…更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明

438. in line with(=in agreement with)符合,一致

439. long for(=want very much)渴望,希望得到

440. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中)

441. before long (=soon)不久, 过了不久以后.

442. in the long run (=in the end)从长远来说,最后; in the short term (从短期来说)

443. (be) at a loss 不知所措

444. major in 主修(某课程)

445. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是

446. by all means (=at all costs)不惜一切.

(=certainly) 当然行

by means of用…; 

by no means 完全不, 决不

447. on memory of 为纪念…

448. on the mend (=in the process of recovering) 好转, 在康复中

449. mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起某事

450. at the mercy of (=in the power of) 任…摆布, 在…支配下

451. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难

make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱

452. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记

453. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)使回想起

454. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地

455. at the moment (=now) 此刻,现在

for the moment (=for the time being)暂时

just a moment 稍等片刻

at the last moment 在最后一刻

456. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做.

457. no more…than  和…一样都不…

458. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说

459. at (the) most 最多, 至多

460. make the most of 充分利用

461. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的…

be something of 有点…,像…

462. name after 用…的名字命名

463. native to 所产的

464. by nature 天生的, 生来

465. in mature 本质上

466. (be) in the nature of 属…性质

467. none other that 不是别人,正是…

468. above normal 高于正常(温度)

469. for nothing (=free, without payment)免费

470. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已

471. to say nothing of(=not to mention)更不用说…

472. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备

473. until further notice 在另行通知前

474. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意

475. object to (=be opposed to) 反对

476. objection to (接动名词) 反对

477. on occasion(=now and then)不时地,必要时

478. by occasion of (=because of) 由于

479. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事)

480. it occurs to sb. that… 某人想到…

481. once and for all =once and forever永远地

all at once (=suddenly, now) 立即,马上

once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔

(just) for once 就这一次

482. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助)

483. operate on sb. 给某人做手术

operation n. come/ go into operation开始运转

put/bring sth. into operation 使…投产,运转

484. be of the opinion 持有…的看法

485. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法

486. be opposed to…  反对…

487. be opposite to 与…相反的

488. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的

in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障

489. made to order 定做的(衣服)

490. originate in/from(=begin)起源于,由..引起

491. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊

492. owe…to 把…归于…

493. on one’s own (=along, without help)单独

494. of one’s own某人自己的

495. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进

496. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力

497. part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉

498. participate in (=take part in)参加

499. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿)

500. in particular (=especially) 特别是,尤其

501. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情

502. be patient with 对…耐心

503. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚

504. pay…for  付…的钱

505. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处

in peace (=peacefully)安静,平安

506. peculiar to… 特有的, 独具的

507. penalty for  对…的处罚,罚金

508. perform on the piano(=play the piano)演奏钢琴

509. persist in 坚持,固执

510. in person 亲自, 当面

511. in place (in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方

512. in place of (=instead of) 代替

513. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事

514. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.) 刚要去做

515. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要

516. come to the point 谈主要问题

517. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事

518. to the point 中肯, 切题

519. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着

point out (=indicate, show) 指出,指明

520. popular with/among大众所喜爱的,拥戴

521. in the position of 处在…位置上

522. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语)

523. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练

524. bring(put)…into practice使…成为现实

525. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better)  宁要, 更喜欢

526. prepare for breakfast 准备吃早饭

prepare breakfast 作早饭

527. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下

528. for the present(=for the time being, for now)暂且,就现在来说;

at present现在,此刻

529. preside over / at 主持(会议,业务等)

530. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜

531. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做

532. previous to (=prior to) 在…之前

533. take pride in(=pride oneself on) 以…自豪

534. pride oneself on / upon 以…自豪

535. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea) 原则上

536. prior to (=before) 在…之前

537. in private (=privately) 私下, 秘密地

in public 公开地

538. proceed from (=arise from, result from) 由…发出, 由…引起(产生)

539. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.) 继续进行

540. in progress(=in the state of be done)进行中

541. prohibit…from (=forbid) 禁止, 阻止

542. in proportion to 与…成比例

543. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受

544. be proud of 为…自豪

545. provide for 为…做准备

546. in public 公开地, 当众

547. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)故意

548. to the purpose (=useful for one’s purpose)得要领的, 中肯的

549. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格

be qualified for 在某种职业上合格

550. call…in question 对…表示怀疑

551. beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问

552. out of the question (=impossible)不可能的

553. in question (=under discussion)所谈及的;

554. without question 毫无疑问

555. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了

556. at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地

557. range over (=cove, include) 范围包括

558. range between 范围在..与..之间不等

559. at any rate (=at all events)无论如何,总之

560. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解)

561. out of reach of  无法够到.

within reach of (or within one’s reach) 够得到,能拿到

562. react to 对…作出反应

563. react on / upon 对…产生影响

564. react against 作出反抗或反对反应

565. (be) ready for 准备好做…

566. in reality (=in fact, really) 事实上

567. beyond all reason 没有道理的

568. by reason of (=because of) 由于,因为

569. it stands to reason that …理所当然

570. reason with (=argue) 劝说

571. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字

(be) get out of red 不再亏损

572. refer to…as  把…称做…

573. refer…to… (=send, take) 送交,呈交

574.with/in reference to(=concerning, about)关于

575. with/in regard to (=concerning)有关,关于

576. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候

577. regardless of (=without worrying about, despite, in spite of) 不顾,不考虑

578. in/with relation to 关于, 有关

579. relevant to 与…有关的

580. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是

581. relieve…of… 解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退

582. rely on 依靠, 信赖

583. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论

584. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物

585. remind sb. of 提醒某人…,使某人向想起

586. in good repair(=in good condition)处于良好状态; be under repair 在修理中

587. reply to 答复, 回答

588.beyond reproach不受责备的;beyond(all) reason毫无道理;beyond question毫无疑问;beyond belief以相信;beyond hope绝望

589. resort to 诉诸于.., 求助于…

resort to force 诉诸于武力

590. in/with respect to (=concerning)有关,关于

591. respond to 对…反应, 响应, 对(药)有效

592. in response to(=as an answer to)回答,反应

593. be responsible for 对…负责, 是造成…原因

594. rest on/upon(=be supported by)依靠,寄托

595. rest with (=be in hand of) 在…手中, 是…的责任; 由…决定; 依靠

596. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不..

597. restrict…to(=keep within limits)把..限制于..

598. result in (=cause) 导致

599. with the result that 其结果是

600. in return (for) 作为报答; 以报答(for)

601. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去

602.be in the right正确的;in the wrong错误的

603. be within one’s rights(to do) 有权(做)

604. give rise to (=lead to) 引起, 导致

605. at the risk of(=with danger of)冒...的风险

606. run(take)risk of (=do sth dangerous)的风险

607. rule out (=exclude, eliminate) 排除

608. in safety 安全地

609. for the sake of ( =for the good or advantage  of ) 为了…起见

610. be for sale  待售

611. on sale (=offered to be sold) 出售, 上市

612. be satisfied with  满意

613. on a large scale  大规模地

614. on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)按时,准时;

ahead of schedule提前;

in advance预先;

behind schedule落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间

615. be schedule for 定在某时(进行)

616. scrape through(in) 勉强通过

617. from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始

618. in search of 寻找;

in honor of 为了...表示敬意;

in memory of 为纪念..;

in hopes of为期待..;

in pursuit of 为追求..;

in behalf of为…的利益;

in favor of 为赞成…;

in support of 为支持…

619. in season  旺季

620. in secret 秘密地;

in private 私下

621. senior to 比…年长; 

junior to 比…轻;

superior to 比…更好;

inferior to 比…差

622. in a sense 在某种意义上

623. sensitive to 对…敏感;

sensible (of)觉察到的;

sensational耸人听闻的

624. in sequence 按顺序, 按先后次序

625. share in (=have a share in) 分摊, 分担

626. share sth. with 与…分享,分担,分摊,共用

627. be shocked at / by 对…感到震惊

628. fall short of 达不到

629. go short of (=be without enough of) 缺乏

630. for short (in a short form) 为简便,简称

631. in short (=in a few words, in brief)简称

632. in short supply 供应不足

633. be short of (=lacking enough)缺乏,不够

634. be shy of 难为情, 不好意思

635. at the side of 与…相比

636. take the side of 站在…一边

637. catch the sight of (=see for a moment)瞥见

638. at the sight of 一看见…

639. (be)in sight (=in view, visible) 看得见

out of sight  看不见

640. know sb. by sight 与…只面熟

641. on the sly (=secretly) 偷偷地

642. smell of 有…的气味

643. be sorry about/for 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的

644. speak ill of  说…的坏话;

speak well of  说…的好话

645. specialize in 专门研究, 专攻

646. in spite of (=despite) 尽管

647. on the pot(=at the place of the action)在现场, 在出事地点; 或(=at once) 立即

648. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对

take a stand for 采取某种立场支持…

649. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着

650. in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐

651. stick sth. on 把…贴在…上

652. stick to 粘着, 坚持

653. stick at (=continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于…;stick one’s work坚持工作; stick at one’s books 勤奋读书

654. stick to (=refuse to leave or change)坚持;

stick to one’s promise 比喻食言

stick to one’s friend 忠于朋友

655. in stock  有….货

656. be strict with 对…严格要求

657. be/go on strike  罢工

658. subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到  subject (adj.) to 易受到…的

659. submit…to 提交

660. substitute…for 以…代替…

661. suffer from 患…病; 受…苦痛

662. be suitable for (=fit) 合适…的

663. in sum 大体上, 总之

664. supply sb. with sth 向某人提供某物

665. superior to 优于…, 比…好

666. in support of 以便支持

667. be sure of (=have no doubt; certain)确信的

668. for sure / certain (certainly, definitely) 肯定地.有把握地说 

669. make sure about 弄清, 弄确实

670. be surprised at对..惊奇;take…by surprise使…惊奇; to one’s surprise使某人惊奇

671. suspect  sb. of 疑心某犯有…

672. be suspicious of (=not trusting)对…有疑心

673. by sympathetic to/towards对…同情,赞同

674. sympathize with sb. or sth. 对…表示同情

675. be in sympathy with 赞同,同情

676. taste of 有…味道

677. in good taste大方,得体;(反意)in bad taste

678. to(one’s) taste 合…的口味, 中意

679. tell…from (=recognize) 辨别.认出

680. in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方面

681. be on good/bad terms with 关系好(不好)

682. thank sb. for sth. 因…感谢某人

683. think of(=have the idea of)想到;(=consider)考虑; (=remember)想起

684. on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后

685. be through with (=finish with) 做好,完成

686. at one time 过去一度, 以前曾经

687. behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代

behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点

688. for the time being (=temporarily)暂时

689. in time(for) (=early or soon enough)及时

on time (=punctually) 准时

690. at no time 无论何时也不…

in on time (=very quickly) 立即,马上

691. at times (=occasionally) 间或, 时常

at all times (=always) 始终, 总是

692. at a time 一次, 每次; 同时

693. on top of  在…上面

694. in total (=all have been added up) 总计

695. be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系

be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触

696. be true of适合于…的;be true to 忠于…

697. to trust …to 把…委托给

698. place (put, have) trust in 依赖

699. in truth 事实上, 实在

700. by turns 轮换地

701. in turn (=successively; in order) 依次

702. be typical of 是…的特点

703. for use  以便使用

704. be in use (=be used)被使用;  be out of use (=be on longer used)不再被使用

705. be used to+名词或动名词 : 习惯于

used to+动词原形 : 过去常常(做)

706. be unprepared for 对…无准备的

707. in vain (=uselessly) 徒劳

708. be valid for 对…有效的

709. in the vicinity 在附近; in close vicinity to 在靠近…的地方; in the vicinity of 大约

710. with a view to +动名词 (=in order to do sth.) 以…为目的

711. in view (=in sight) 看得见

712. in view of (=considering) 考虑到…

in the view of 按…的意思

713. by/in virtue of (=as a result of, by means of) 由于…; 依靠…力量

714. a warning against 告诫…不要

a warning of 警告…存在…

715. (be) on the watch for不断监视看有没有..

(be) on the watch against不断监视为防范…

716. be in the way (=obstructive) 碍事, 阻碍

717. (be)under way (=moving forward)正进行

718. by way of (=by going through) 经由,取道

719. by the way(=in addition)顺带地(转移话题)

720. in no way 无论怎样也不…

721. in the way 对…方式

722. in a way 从某种程度上说

723. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论

724. on the whole (=generally, for the most part) 大体上说

725. against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地

at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地

726. wish for 渴望某物;hope for 想要某物

727. “with+名词+分词” 构成复合结构,作状语

728. word for word (=literally) 逐字地

729. in a word总之;in other words 换言之;

have a word with sb.谈一谈;

have words with sb.争吵;

have the last word有决定权

keep one’s word 遵守诺言

730. work out ideas 出主意;

work out the amount of…计算出…的数量;

work out a problem解决问题;

work out a puzzle解谜

731. at the thought of一想到…

worry about担心

732. at (the) worst 在最糟的情况下

733. yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从

734. be worthy of (=be deserving of)值得,够得上, 配得上

735. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人

736. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于…

737. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空

738. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕

739. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止  guard…against 警卫…防止

740. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是

741. be identified with 被视为与…等同

742. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转

743. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加

744. lean against (背)靠着…

745. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚)

746. (be) at a loss 不知所措

747. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难

748.make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱

749. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的…

750.be something of 有点…,像…

751. above normal 高于正常(温度)

752.(be) on guard 站岗

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