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紫霞仙客的博客

我和我的女儿 我和我的学生

 
 
 

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2009-08-02 15:07:09|  分类: 高三英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Learning a foreign language: Twice as hard? 学习外语:双倍的努力?

    [点拨]此句为省略句,完整的句子应为:Does learning a foreign language have to be twice as hard as learning our mother tongue?

as…as用于事物比较时,根据上下文可以省略被比较部分。

   eg.1. I work very hard,but she doesn’t work as hard (as me).

               我工作很努力,但她工作不如我努力。

   eg.2. I play tennis well. You can’t expect to play tennis as well( as me).

               我乒乓球打得好。你不能期望像我一样好。

   eg.3. If you were to spend as many hours studying English ,you would make progress.

如果你花同样多的时间学英语,你会有进步的。

Learning a language is obviously more than just memory words, phrase and structures.学习语言显然不仅仅是记忆单词、词汇或句型。

[点拨]more than意为“不仅仅是”:

eg: He is more than our teacher .He is our friend.

        他不仅仅是我们的老师还是我们的朋友。

more than 还有“超过”、“很”、“非常”的意思:

    They were more than glad to help.

        他们非常乐意帮助。

Instead we learnt or acquired our mother tongue by communicating with the people around us.相反,通过与周围人的交流我们学会我们的母语。

 [点拨]acquire经过一个过程或通过自己的努力等得到

eg.1. By the time, James was twenty, he had acquired a store of his own.

            詹姆斯20岁的时候,他拥有了自己的店铺。

eg.2. It’s sometimes possible for a student to master English grammar and acquire a large vocabulary, even without the help of a teacher.

     即使没有老师的帮助,学生也有可能掌握英语语法和大量的词汇。

[点拨]communicate with意为“与……交流/联系”:

    eg: They used carrier pigeons to communicate with headquarters.

                他们用信鸽与总部联系。

And perhaps most puzzling of all, how were we able to make sense of what we heard.

 大概最令人迷惑不解的是,我们如何能够理解我们听到的话。

[点拨]most puzzling of all最令人迷惑不解的

      most important of all最为重要的

[点拨]make sense of sth 弄懂……意思:

eg: Can you make sense of this poem?

            你懂得这首诗的含义吗?

make sense 有意义

       eg: What you say doesn’t make sense /make no sense.

                    你的话毫无意义。

Some believe that we are equipped with a special ability to learn language and our brain adjust itself to the language of the culture we are born in.

有人认为我们具备特殊的学语言能力,而且我们的大脑能够自我协调以适应我们本族文化的语言。

[点拨]equip A with B  用B装备A

    eg: The PLA men are equipped with modern weapons.

        解放军战士是用现代化武器装备起来的。

[注意]equip 是指“加设备(或装置)于……”,它的宾语不能是指被设备或被装置的东西的词。

    eg: 可以说They equipped the army with modern weapons.

        但不可以说:They equipped modern weapons with the army.

[点拨]adjust oneself/s.th. to

    eg.1. The body adjusts itself to changes in temperature.

         身体能自行调节以适应气温变化。

    eg.2. You can’t see well through a telescope unless it is adjusted correctly to your sight.除非你把望远镜准确的调节到适合你的视力,否则就看不清楚。

    Well-adjusted与他人关系和谐的,善于顺应的

Others think that we learn language in the same way…and that what we are born with is a… .另一些人认为和学习其他事物一样,比如走路,解决问题等,我们用同样的方式学习语言,我们与生俱来的是一种学和用的综合能力,而不是专门的语言学习能力

[点拨]上一句的some ,与这一句的others构成固定的句型搭配some…others/other+ n(pl)…意为“一些……另一些……”。

[点拨]that we learn language…与that what we are born with…为谓语动词think 的并列宾语从句,第一个引导词that可以省略,但第二个引导词that不可省略。

[点拨]in the same way 之后省略的关系代词that或in which与we learn other things一起构成way的定语从句。

Regardless of their theories, these language experts do agree that…

尽管众说纷纭,这些语言专家都承认生活是一所成功的语言学校。

[点拨] regardless of 意为 :不顾,不注意,

     eg.1. regardless of the consequences 不顾后果

     eg.2. regardless of expense 不考虑费用

        其反义为regardful of 注意关心

     eg: Be more regardful of your own interests.

                请多注意你自己的利益。

That may not seem true to you.     对你来说那也许不是真的。

[点拨]may not 表猜测时意为“也许不”,而cann’t用于猜测时表示绝对否定“不可能”。

   eg: She can’t be serious.她不可能是当真的。

       She may not be serious.她也许不会当真。

 

But once you consider the situation further, you will realize that this is indeed the case.但是一旦你更仔细地考虑这种情况,你会发现这的的确确是真的

[点拨]This/That’s the case=This/That’s true . the case 实情,真相

eg.1. Is it the case that you have lost all your money?

            你的钱全部都损失了,是真的吗?

eg.2. If that’s the case, you will have to work much harder.

            如果情形是那样的话,你将必须更加努力工作。

As it often the case with … 这是常有的事 in any case 无论如何 in case 万一

 …in other words, you were studying the language all day long!

换句话说,你一直在学这种语言。 

   [点拨]in other words 意为“换句话说”,类似于“that’s to say 、namely”等。

eg: In other words, he cheated us.换句话说,他欺骗了我们。

与word 构成短语有:in a word 总之,简言之  eat one’s words认错,收回前言并道歉 , get in a word 插话,have a word with 与某人谈话, break one’s  word/promise 食言,失信

    固定句型:word come that…消息传来

…so that is an awful lot of hours.所以说那是极长的时间。

[点拨]so that 在此句中不是固定短语“以便,以致于…”的意思。此处so 为连词,that在句子中充当主语。

If you spend as many hours studying English…如果你花同样多的时间学英语……

[点拨]此句为省略句,呈前省略了“as studying your mother tongue.”

If you were to spend as many hours studying English, you would make great progress.如果你花同样多的时间学习英语,你将会取得很大的进步. 

[点拨]此句为虚拟语气,对未发生事情或情况的虚拟,从句用“主语+should/were to/过去式”,主句用“主语+would/should/could+动词原形。”

    eg: How nice it would be if we were still living by 2100!

                   如果到2100年我们仍活着的话,该多好啊!

We have textbooks, teachers and classmates to instruct and assist us in the process…

在学习的过程中,我们有教科书,有老师来指导我们,有同学帮助我们…

[点拨]①instruct + n   教授…

    eg: instruct a class in history教授一个班的历史

        instruct recruits教新兵

      ②instruct sb to do sth指导某人做某事

    eg: instruct sb how to work指导某人如何工作

[点拨]assist(sb)with sth/in doing/to do sth: 援助/帮助某人做某事,比help较正式。

    eg.1. She employed a woman to assist her with the housework.

她雇了一个妇女来帮忙做家务。

    eg.2. He asked us to assist him in carrying through their plan.

                   他请求我们协助他完成他们的计划。

The data suggests that what successful language learners have in common is, among other things, an interest…ability.    数据显示成功语言学习者共同拥有的是:了解自身的兴趣,对世界的好奇心,抢抓机遇和对自己能力的自信。

[点拨]这是一个长句,that 引导的宾语从句中,“What successful language learners have in common”作宾语从句中的主语.“is”为系动词,an interest …ability作为并列表语。

Active learners are able to acquire new skills faster and put what they know to better use.  积极学习者能够更快获得新技巧而且更好的学以致用。

 [点拨]put to use 固定搭配意为“加以利用”

     eg.1 He puts his training to good use in his job.

           他把他受到的业务培训很好地利用到工作中来。

     eg.2. It’s a pity to throw anything away if it can be put to use.

           东西只要还可以加以利用,扔掉了总是可惜的。

As a consequence, they do better in areas such as reading comprehension, …

            结果,他们阅读理解、词汇学习、写和说方面做得更好。

 [点拨]as a consequence= in consequence =as a result

     eg: we hadn’t enough money to pay our bus fare, and as a consequence, we have to walk.  我们没有足够的钱坐公交车,结果不得不步行。

as/in a consequence= as a result of 由于……

         eg: As a consequence of his laziness, he was fired.

                由于懒惰,他被解雇了。

       另外,consequence 还有“重要,要紧”的意思

      eg: It’s of no consequence.不打紧

The less anxious and more relaxed the learner, the better the language acquisition proceeds. 学习者越放松,越不紧张,语言的获得进展越好。

 [点拨]the adj/adv(比较级)…,the +adj/adv (比较级)…

       译为“越……越……”

       The sooner , the better.越快越好。

[点拨]anxious 用法小结

      1.be anxious to do sth(for sth)急于/渴望干某事或得到某物

         eg.1. They are anxious to know the result.他们急于知道结果。

         eg.2. The boy was anxious for a new pen.那个男孩渴望有一支新钢笔。

        2.be anxious about = be worried about 为……担忧

         eg: Some people are anxious about the future.有些人对前途感到不安。

  (辨析)anxious和eager 都有“渴望”“急于”的意思,但用法略有不同,anxious 着重指焦急、着急或担心,eager 着重指对成功的期望或进取的热情。

      eg.1. We are anxious to arrive home before dark.

               我们急于在天黑之前到家。

      eg.2. We are eager to join the army.我们渴望参军。

They are more willing to take risks….

       他们更愿意冒险。

 [点拨]take/run risks/a risk意为“冒险”

    eg: She’s too sensible to take a risk when she’s driving.

             她在开车时很有判断力而不致冒险。

      Take/run risk of doing sth冒险做某事:冒……之险

    eg: He was ready to run/take the risk of being taken prisoner by the enemy.

             他愿意冒被敌人俘虏的危险。

If they were not, they wouldn’t be ready to experiment with new forms and to make mistakes, all of which contribute to their increased ability to learn.

如果他们不自信,他们不会愿意去尝试新的形式去出错,而只有尝试新的事物及错误的纠正才有助于学习能力的提高。

 [点拨]experiment with  试验,试用

   eg.1. In order to discover the crops most suited to the soil, they experimented with various kinds of grain.

          为了发现最适合土壤的庄稼,他们试验了各种谷物。

   eg.2.  That man is experimenting with dyes to get the color he wants.

          那人正用染料做试验想要获得他所想要的颜色。

[点拨]contribute to 用法小结

eg.1捐赠、捐助contribute to the Red Cross 捐助红十字会

eg.2 有助于,促成Drink contribute to his ruins.饮酒促成了他的毁灭。

eg.3投稿于:Mr. Green has contributed poems to the London Magazine for several years.格林先生向《伦敦杂志》投诗稿已有几年了。

Not all of us want to be translators or interpreters.

      并不是每个人都想成为一个翻译者或口译者。

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