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紫霞仙客的博客

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动词的时态和语态  

2009-09-26 20:40:37|  分类: 英语语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

多年来NMET侧重对动词各种用法的考查,其中又以考查动词时态为重中之重。特别值得注意的是,近年来考查时态时,改变了过去那种在复合句中测试时间呼应的简单形式,而体现在交际性语言及上下文语境中,且寓多个考点于一题,因而这样无形中增加了试题的难度。这就要求广大考生平时注重将动词放在具体的语言环境中学习和运用。

l         一般现在时

一、一般现在时代替一般将来时:

1.  在时间状语从句、条件状语从句或让步状语从句中

e.g. Even if she doesn’t come this Saturday, I’ll go fishing by myself.

2.  少数表示动作起止的动词有时也可用一般现在时代替一般将来时,表示一个按规定、计划或安排要求发生的动作。

e.g. The plane for Beijing takes off at 9:30 a.m..

二、在时间、条件或让步状语从句中:

1.  用一般过去时代替过去将来时

e.g. He said he would not go out if it rained.

2.  用现在完成时代替将来完成时, 强调从句的动作先于主句的谓语动词的动作。

e.g. Don’t get off the bus until it has stopped.

3.  用过去完成时代替过去将来完成时

e.g. He told me not to go out until Mother had come back.

4.  用过去进行时代替过去将来进行时

Mother asked me not to go to interrupt her if she was studying.

三、             在下列句型中常用一般现在时:

1.  用现在时代替现在进行时。

e.g. There he comes!  Here comes the bus!

2. It is +(多久的时间)+ since …的句型可用is代替现在完成时:

e.g. It is five years since I moved here.

l         现在完成时

 1.现在完成时表示动作过去已经完成,但有对现在仍有影响。

2.现在完成时表示“过去的动作”一直延续至今并有可能继续下去,常与for或since短语连用。

3.   由终止性动词等构成的完成时不能与for或since引起的时间状语连用。但终止性动词等构成的完成时的否定式却可以和for或since引导的时间状语连用。  I haven’t seen him for three years.

4.  现在完成时可用在表示时间或条件的状语从句中,表示将来某时间将已完成的动作。

e.g. When you have learned English, you’ll find it a bridge to so much knowledge.

5.  在下列句型中常用现在完成时。

e.g. This is the first time I have met him.

   This is the best film I have ever seen.

   This is the only book he has written.

l         过去完成时

过去完成时和过去将来时都是相对时态,必须在有“过去”参照时间的情况下,过去完成时可用以下三种方式表示“过去”的参照时间。

1.  用介词短语by 1985,by the end of last year,before then,until (till) then,by then等。

2.  以when,before,until(till),by the time(+过去时态)等引导的时间状语从句。

3.  通过上下文,可以找到“过去状语”和“过去时动词”。

另外:expect,hope,think,plan,suppose,want等动词,有时用过去完成表示一个本打算做而未做,曾经设想而未实现的事。

l         动词进行时

对于动词的进行时态应掌握以下几点:

1.  持续动词的进行式表示动作正处于进行之中。

e.g. Tom slipped into the house when no one was looking. (NMET92)

2.  表示来、去、开始、终结、离开、到达等意义的瞬间动作的进行式表示即将发生的动作。

3.  短时动作的进行式表示动作的多次重复。

e.g. The boy is jumping here and there.

4.  某些动词的进行式与always,often,forever,constantly连用时,表示赞扬、埋怨、生气和批评。

e.g. You are always coming late.

【注意】英语中通常有4类动词不宜用进行式。

1)  表示心理状态、情感的动词:如love, hate, know

2)  表示存在的状态:如appear, exist, lie(位于), remain, stand(位于), seem, belong to, depend on

3)  表示一时性动作的动词。accept, complete, decide, refuse, promise

4)  表示感官的动词。see, hear, notice, feel, sound

l       一般过去时与现在完成时的区别

1.  一般过去时与现在完成时的共同点是动作均发生在过去;不同点在于过去时是叙述过去时间里发生的事,而完成时强调该动作造成的结果,对现在有影响。

1)  just now用于过去时,just用于现在完成时。

2)  ago用过去时,before用于现在完成时,ago不能单独使用,前面要加a few days,而before可以单独使用。

3)  since +过去时间,for +一段时间,前面皆用现在完成时,表示到目前的结果。

2.  两个或两个以上的动作均发生在过去,处理这类题目时,应遵循下列三条原则:

                      1)    如果其中有一个是可持续的动词,而另一个是持续时间很短的,则前者用过去进行时,后者用一般过去时。

                      2)    两个动词比较不出持续时间的长短,都几乎一样长或相伴随发生,则均用一般过去时。

                      3)    两个动作均发生在过去,但有先后,则先发生的动作用过去完成时,后发生的用一般过去时。

l       前后时态的呼应

在一些名词性(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句)中,如果主句谓语是现在时(包括一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时或现在完成进行时)或将来时,则从句的谓语动词可以用任何时态;若主句谓语动词用过去时(包括一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时或过去完成进行时),则从句中的谓语时态要作相应的调整。

但是,在下列情况下,不存在时态呼应的问题。

2.  当从句所表述的内容是个普遍存在的真理时。

3.  在口语中,强调从句表示的情况是现在或将来的情况时。

4.  当从句中有绝对表示过去的时间状语时,用一般过去时,而不必用过去完成时。

l       主动形式表达被动含义

在英语中有些动词可用主动语态的形式来表达被动的含义,概括起来有下列几种:

1.  有些连系动词,如feel,smell,taste,sound,prove等,用主动形式表示被动意义。

2.  有些不及物动词(其主语大多指物)的主动形式可以表达被动意义,这种不及物动词有下列几种。

1)  某些可用来表示主语内在的品质或性能的不及物动词,如shut,open,sell,read,wash,cut,write等。

2)  不及物动词或短语,如happen,take place,belong to,break out,last,go out,run out,cost,spread等。

3)  某些可用于“主+谓+补”结构中的不及物动词,如wear,blow等。

e.g. This material has worn thin. 这种布料已经穿薄了。

    This door blew open. 门给吹开了。

l       过去完成时

句型搭配:

1.  过去完成时+before / when / by the time +一般过去时

2.  一般过去时+after / until +过去完成时

3.  主语+ had +过去分词 + by / up to / till过去时间

4.  No sooner + had +主语+过去分词+ than +主语+一般过去时

   Hardly + had +主语+过去分词+ when +主语+一般过去时

Scarcely + had +主语+过去分词+ when +主语+一般过去时

5.  “It is five years since …”是以现在为依据,而“It was five years since …”是以过去为依据。

6.  动词expect,hope,mean,plan,suppose,think的过去完成时表示过去未曾实现的想法、希望、打算或意图。

l       时态中的时间状语的错综复杂性

1.  利用副词或副词词组体现时态。

e.g. However hard you try, you’ll never succeed in pleasing her.

2.  通过连词来体现时态。

e.g. You’d better set about doing your homework now, or it will be too late.

3.  通过上下文、语境来体现时态。

e.g. We should have read the lesson last night.

4.  通过分词短语、名词短语、介词或介词短语体现时态。

e.g. Given more time, we’ll do it better.

5.  利用特殊句型体现时态。

e.g. This is the first time I have been in Beijing.

l       被动语态中应注意的问题

1.  做客观说明时,常用下列被动结构:

1)  It is said that … 据说……

2)  It is reported that … 据报道……

3)  It is hoped that … 大家希望……

4)  It is believed that … 人们相信……

5)  It is (well) known that … 众所周知……

6)  It has been decided that … 大家决定……

7)  It is supposed that … 大家认为……

8)  It is suggested that … 据建议……

9)  It must be remembered that … 务必记住……

2.  下列动词无被动语态:happen, take place, break out, belong to

3.  与介词合成的及物动词,在改为被动语态时,要保留其介词。如:

   look after, call on, pay attention to, take care of, look forward to

4.  动词不定式在动词make,have,let以及感官动词后作补语,常省略to,但转换成被动语态时,一定要还原to。

5.  做副词用的不定式被误用作被动语态。

e.g. The problem is easy to work out.

6.  感官动词的主动形式表示被动含义:taste,feel,smell,sound,look等。

7.  下列动词weigh,wash,sell,drink,wear,pay,keep,prove也常用主动形式表示被动意义。

8.  be + worth           + v-ing表示被动意味

   need (want, require)   

9.  过去分词作宾语补足语,与宾语形成局部的被动关系,主要表现在使役结构中。have a tooth pulled, make oneself understood

10.  在被动语态中常用的介词有:

1)  be invented by …

2)  be caught in …

3)  be used / devoted to …

11.  “be + 过去分词”结构不一定都是被动语态,有些动词(像:be、feel、seem、look等)后面的过去分词已转化成形容词,常用以下结构:be surprised / astonished / disappointed / interested / …用作表语,表示某种状态。

12.  特别注意seat的主动和被动语态的两种形式。

seat oneself表示动作,be seated表示状态。

13.  be supposed to …

1)  表示“应该、理应”= should,主要用来谈根据规定人们不得不做的事,或期待发生的事。

e.g. Lucy was supposed to come to lunch. What’s happened?

2)  表示“某人/某事被认为如何”。

e.g. The speaker is supposed to be excellent.

 

2:

 

一、一般现在时

    1.一般现在时表示经常发生、习惯性动作、客观真理、科学事实、格言,目前的特征、

状态、能力等。

    2.主句是一般将来时,时间、条件状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来。如:

      I´ll go there after I finish my work./ If it rains tomorrow,I won´t go there.

    3.在以here,there开头的句子里,go,come等少数动词的一般在时表示正在发生的动作。例如:There goes the bell.铃响了。There comes the bus.汽车来了。Here she comes.她来了。

二、现在进行时

    1.表示正在进行的动作。

    2.表示按计划安排即将发生的动作。例如:She is leaving for Beijing.她要去北京。

He is working as a teacher tomorrow.从明天起他要做老师。My father is coming to see me this Saturday.这个星期六我爸爸要来看我。

    3.代替一般现在时,描绘更加生动。例如:The Changjiang River is flowing into the east.江水滚滚向东流。The sun is rising in the east.太阳从东方冉冉升起。

    4.大多数动词可用于进行时,但也有些动词不用于进行时。常见的有:exist,live,understand,mean,owe,belong to ,know,doubt,suppose,remember,forget,

believe,trust,want,wish,refuse,like,hate,dislike,prefer,mind,hope等。

三、现在完成时

    1.表示过去发生的动作对现在产生的影响或结果,或说话时已完成的动作。例如:I have finished the report./ She has cleand the room.

    2.表示从过去开始,待续到现在的动作或状态,往往和“for…”, “since…”表述的一段时间状语连用。例如:He has learned English for six years./ They have worked here since they left college.

    3.现在完成时与一般过去时的区别:

  1)用两种时态来表述发生在过去的某一动作,现在完成时强调这一过去动作对现在产生的影响或结果,而一般过去时只表达过去的动作或状态,和现在关系不大。例如:She has cleaned the room.It´s very clean now.(此句has cleaned就不能改为cleaned.一是因为cleaned与现状无关,二是因为一般过去时不可突然跳到It´s…这样的一般现在时。)

  2)汉语中的“了”、“过”、“曾”等词常用完成表达,如:I have seen that film.(我看过那部电影了。)但是如果是在特定的过去时间“看了”、“做过”,就不可用完成时而必须用一般过去进来表达。例如:When did you see that film? I saw it yesterday.(你什么时候看了那部电影?我昨天看的。)不能说:When have you seen that film?I have seen it yesterday.

    4.表示“曾经到过某地(人已回来)”用“have/has been to”,表示“到某地去了(还未回来)”用“have/has gone to”.例如:

——Where is Li Hua? -He has gone to the reading-room.

——She knows a lot about Shanghai.-She has been there.

    5.短暂动词(即瞬间动词),join,lose,buy,borrow,leave,go,come,arrive,die,marry,

finish,complete,begin,start,break out等,在完成时态中,其肯定式不能和表示一段时间的状语连用。例如不能说:He has finished the work for three hours.要翻译“他已完成工作三小时了。”可采用1)“ago法”:He finished the work three hours ago.2)“延续法”:He has been through(with)the work for three hours.3)“since法”:It is/has been three hours since he finished the work.

四、现在完成进行时

    1.用来表示从过去某一时刻开始一直持续到现在(或今后还要继续一去)的动作。例如:He has been doing the maths problems since 8:00./ It has been raining for two days.

    2.凡是不能用于现在进行时的动词均不能用于现成完成进行时。

五、一般过去时

    表达特定的过去时间内发生的动作或存在的状况,或过去某一时间内经常发生或反复发生的动作或行为。

六、过去进行时

    1.表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在进行的动作(这一过去时间须用时间状语表示)。例如:He was preparing his lecture all day yesterday.

    2.表示动作在另一过去动作发生时进行。例如:They were still working when I left.

    3.用在两个过去进行时动作同时发生。例如:I was writing while he was watching TV.

    4.表示过去将来动作。例如:He said she was arriving the next day.

七、过去完成时

    1.表示在过去某一时间以前已经完成的动作。例如:He had shut the door before the dog came up./ Everything had been all right up till this morning.

    2.表示动作或状态从过去某个时刻开始一直延续到另一个过去时刻才完成,甚至还要继续下去。例如:At the age of ten,he had learned 500 English words.He had been ill for a week when we learned about it.

    3.常用hope,expect,think,intend,want,suppose等动词的过去完成时来表示未实现的希望、打算或意图。例如:We had expected that you would be able to win the match.

八、一般将来时

    一般将来时表示将来要发生的动作和存在的状况。有下列一些形式:

    1.will/shall do (侧重将来行为,不突出计划安排去做某事)

    2.be going to do (主观上打算或客观上可能发生)

    3.be doing (按计划将要发生,常和表示最近的将来时间连用)

    4.be about to do (按计划即将发生)

九、将来完成时

    用来表示在将来某个时刻(前)将完成的动作。常和by短语,when,before引起的时间状语连用。例如:We will have finished senior Book 2 by the end of this term.

 

 

时态考点分析

1.——Can I join your club,dad?

   ——You can when you______a bit older.  (NMET)

   A.get    B.will get    C.are getting    D.will have got

析:“You can”是将来意,when引导的时间状语从句要用一般现在时表将来所以此题答案为A.

2.——Oh,it’s you!I______you.

   ——I’ve just had my hair cut and I’m wearing new glasses.

   A.didn’t recognize        B.hadn’t recognized 

   C.haven’t recognized      D.don’t recongnize  

析:从“Oh,it’s you!”可知说话时已认出对方。“没有认出”是在此之前为过去情况,所以应选A.

3.I don’t think Jim saw me;he______into space.  (NMET)

  A.just stared    B.was just staring    C.has just stared    D.had just stared

析:在空白处应选一个与“saw”相配,能解释Jim didn’t see me 这一原因的选项,只有着眼于A、B。若选A不能体观他“当时正在做”某事,故排除A而选B。这样因为“他正在望宇宙天空”所以“未看到我”。

4.——______my glasses?

  ——Yes,I saw them on your bed a minute ago.  (NMET)

  A.Do you see    B.Had you seen    C.Would you see   D.Have you seen

析:现在完成时可表过去发生的事情对现在产生的影响或结果,问话人以这样的时态发问可作现焦急的心情。故答案为D。

5.You don’t need to describe her.I______her several times.  (NMET)

  A.had met    B.have met    C.met    D.meet

析:答案B。道理同4。

6.——Do you know our town at all?

  ——No,this is the first time I______here.

  A.was    B.have been    C.came    D.am going

析:根据this/it is the first/second/…time sb.has done sth.句型,可定答案为B。又如:This is the second time he has visited the Great Wall.

7.I don’t really work here.I______until the new secretary arrives.  (NMET)

  A.just help out          B.have just helped out   

  C.am just helping out    D.will just help out

析:根据I don´t really work here.以及…until the new secretary arrives,可知说话人所要做的事是计划安排行为,C、D两个选项都表将来动作,但D非计划安排,C则体现按计划去做,所以此题答案为C。

8.——Is this raincoat yours?

  ——No,mine______there behind the door.  (NMET)

  A.is hanging    B.has hung    C.hangs    D.hung

析:此题的“悬挂”是指现状而言,故表过去“挂”的B、D项可排除。C项虽指“现在挂”,但侧重在常规,习惯。为了突出“你所指的那件雨衣不是我的,我的正挂在门后”这一意思,选A是极为合情理的。

 

 

被动语态

一、被动语态的句型

    1.常见句式是:主语(受动者)+be+过去分词+(by+施动者)

    例如:He was scolded by the English teacher.

    2.主语+get+过去分词+其它成分

例如:The boy got drowned last summer./ She got fired because of her faults.

注意:使用这种结构不能带有“by+施动者”

    3.带有双宾语(直接宾语和间接宾语)的主动句变为动句,其主语可以是直接宾语,也可以是间接宾语。例如:She lent me a bike.®被动:1)I was lent a bike(by her).

2)A bike was lent to me(by her).

    4.情态动词+be+过去分词

例如:This problem must be worked out in half an hour.

    5.双重被动式:主语+被动式谓语+不定式的被动式+其它成分

例如;These magazines are not allowed to be taken out of the reading-room./The murderer was ordered to be shot.

二、主动表示被动的几种情况

    1.不及物动词与状语连用,用以表示主语的品质和状态。常见动词是:cut,sell,read,write,fill,cook,lock,wash,drive,keep等。例如:This knife cuts well.这把刀好切。These books sell well.这些书好卖。The pen writes smoothly.这支笔写起来流畅。Meat won´t keep long in such hot weather.肉在这样热的天气里放不长久。The cloth washes well.这种布好洗。

    2.一些连系动词的主动式+形容词。常见动look,smell,taste,sound,feel,prove,turn out等。例如:The apples taste good./The flower smells wonderful./The news proved/turned out true./Cotton feels soft.注:prove也可用于被动式,如:His answer(was) proved right.

    3.不定式在某些形容词之后,且与主语有动宾关系。常见形容词有:hard,defficult,easy,heavy,fit,good,comfortable,convenient,impossible等。例如:The problem is easy to do./The question is difficult to answer./The box is heavy to carry./The project is impossible to complete in a year.比较:The problem is to be done./The question is to be answered.没有形容词时,虽然不定式与主语是动宾关系,但必须用被动式。

三、容易误用被动语态的几种情况:

    1.I teach myself French.不可变为Myself is taught French.因为反身代词不可作主语。

    2.We help each other/one another.不可变为Each other/One another is helped by us.因为相互代词不可作主语。

    3.He lost heart.不可变为Heart was lost by him.因为象lose heart,make a face,keep silence,lose in thought这类动宾结构的固定短语只能用于主动式,不能用被动式。

    4.She took part in the sports meet.不能变为The sports meet was taken part in by her.因为象take part in,belong to ,own,have,hate,fail,contain等表状态动词没有被动语态。

 

 

 

被动语态考点分析

  1.I need one more stamp before my collection______.  (NMET)

    A.has completed    B.completes    C.has been completed    D.is completed

析:complete是及物动词,“邮集”是被人完成的,须从表被动意的C、D中选择。又因before等引导的时间状语从句中谓语要用一般现在时表将来,所以此题答案为D。

  2.——Do you like the material?

    ——Yes,it______very soft.  (NMET)

    A.is feeling    B.felt    C.feels    D.is felt

析:观察题干,空白线后无宾语,可知feel是不及物动词,表“(某物)摸起来…”意思,是连系动词,不能用于被动式,也不用进行时。根据此题对话情景,是指某种材料的常规特性,要用一般现在时,不能用过去时,故答案为C。feel作“感觉”、“认为”、“摸”等意时是及物动词,可带宾语,有时态,语态等变化。

  3.Great changes______in the city,and a lot of factories______.  (NMET)

     A.have been taken place…have been set up

     B.have taken place…have been set up

     C.have taken place…have set up

     D.were taken place…were set up

析:take place(发生)是不及物动词,不可用于被动语态,于是可排除A、D,又因set up(建造)是及物动词,在此题中应该用被动式,故排除C,答案为B。

  4.Most of the artists______to the party were from South Africa.  (NMET)

    A.invited    B.to invite    C.being invited    D.had been invited

析:首先可排除B。因为它不表示“被邀请”。又因D项少引导词who,也应排除。A项=who were invited,C项=who were being invited,由象invite这类短暂动词的现在分词被动式不可作后置定语,故也应排除。因而可定答案为A。

  5.I don´t know the restaurant,but it´s______to be quite a good one.(NMET)

    A.said    B.told    C.spoken    D.talked

析:根据“某人/某物据说…”英文句式为“sb/sth.is said…”可定答案为A。又如:He is said to be a clever boy.据说他是一个聪明的男孩。

  6.The police found that the house______and a lot of things______.(NMET)

    A.has broken into…has been stolen    B.has broken into…had been stolen

    C.has been broken into…stolen        D.had been broken into…stolen

析:“房屋被人闯入”,“东西被偷”都是被动语态,故可排除A、B。因C项中的has been broken into不能置于found之后,则答案只能是D。

  7.I promise that the matter will______.  (NMET)

    A.be taden care    B.be taken care of    C.take care    D.take care of

析:take care of…是固定短语,若无of则不可带宾语,只能跟that从句。所以此题答案为B。

  8.If city noises______from increasing,people____shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now.  (NMET)

    A.are not kept…will have to    B.are not kept…have to

    C.do not keep…will have to     D.do not keep…have to

析:观察题干,第一处必须用被动式,答案只能在A、B中选一。条件句用一般现在时,主句应为一般将来时,故答案为A。

 

  9.The Olympic Games,____in 776 BC,did not include women players until 1912.(NMET)

    A.first playing   B.to be first played   C.first played   D.to be first playing

析;要表达“被举行”,只能在B、C中选。B意“将要首次举行”。显然不合in 776 BC这一过去时间,只有C,first played(=which was first played)才合用。故答案为C。

  10.This sentence needs______.

     A.a improvement    B.improve    C.improving    D.improved

析:初看此题似手A、C皆可,但improvement是元音开头词,其前要用an,故排除。need作实义动词,和require,want一样,后面可跟doing或to be done 表“需要被…”意。如:The door needs/wants/requires painting/to be painted.(这扇门需要漆一下。)

  11.I should very much like to have gone to the party,but I______invited.

     A.am not    B.haven´t been    C.was not    D.will not be

析:should/would like to have done sth.意“本想做某事”,例如:I should like to have seen the film,but it wasn´t possible.由于这种句式表示“过去想”,所以but后的句子也应该是过去时态与之相配合,故此题答案是C。

  12.——______the note______to Mr Smith?

     ——No,It is still in my pocket.

     A.Is…being given  B.Was…given  C.Has…been given  D.Hasn´t…been given

析:根据问句与答句,问话人显然是注重结果,故要用现在完成时。似乎D作为反诘句“难道条还没给史密斯先生吗?”也成立,但若是这种口气发问,答话人就应答“Sorry.It is still in my pocket.”,所以此题答案应为C。

  13.We heard it______that he had gone to New York.

     A.say    B.said    C.to say    D.be said

析:It was said that…可以改为We heard it said that…(都表示“据说…”之意)。前一种说法中It 是形式主语,后一种说法中it是形式宾语。故此题答案为B。

 

动词时态、语态专练

1.The maths problem can be______.

  A.easy worked out        B.easy to be worked out

  C.easily worked out      D.easily to work out

2.Every possible means______,but none proves successful.

  A.has been tried    B.tried    C.is being tried    D.has tried

3.The girl is to______a rich man.

  A.marry with    B.be married    C.marry to    D.be married to

4.He received a telegram that______“Mother sick”.

  A.wrote    B.says    C.reads    D.read

5.Who can you imagine______to his wedding party?

  A.inviting    B.being invited    C.was invited    D.to be invited

6.I______ten minutes to decide whether I should reject the offer.(NMET)

  A.gave    B.was given    C.was giving    D.had given

7.——Will somebody go and get Dr.White?

  ——He´s already been______.(NMET)

  A.asked for    B.sent for    C.called for    D.looked for

8.A conductor______to keep us in time in the singing yesterday.

  A.needs    B.is needing    C.was needed    D.has been needed

9.When and where to build the new factory______yet.

  A.is not decided    B.are not decided    C.has not decided    D.have not decided

10.Ways______to stop pollution by now.

   A.must find    B.will be found    C.are found    D.have been found

11.I don´t want anything______about it.

   A.to say    B.said    C.saying    D.having said

12.——______that the sports meet might be put off.

   ——Yes,it all depends on the weather.

   A.I´ve been told    B.I´ve told    C.I´m told    D.I told

13.A library with five thousand books______to the nation as a gift.(NMET)

   A.is offered    B.has offered    C.are offered    D.have offered

14.Betty has never been heard _______ill of others.

   A.speak    B.spoken    C.to speak    D.was said

15.Tom______to have delivered the speech in their theatre room.

   A.said    B.says    C.is said    D.was said

16.——What do you think of the book?

   ——Oh,excellent.It´s worth______a second time.(NMET)

   A.to read    B.to be read    C.reading    D.being read

17.Little Jim should love______to the theatre this evening.(NMET)

   A.to be taken    B.to take    C.being taken    D.taking.

18.______more attention,the trees could have grown better.(NMET)

   A.Given    B.to give    C.Giving    D.Having given

 

 

19.——where______the book?I can’t see it anywhere.

   ——I______it right here but now it’s gone.

   A.did you put;have put       B.have you put;put

   C.had you put;was putting    D.were you putting;have put

20.He would not fail so long as he______hard the next term.

   A.studied    B.would study    C.had studied    D.studies

21.How long______the English party______?

   A.has;been lasted    B.did;last    C.was;lasted    D.will;be lasted

22.What______you______this time next Friday?

   A.will;do    B.have;been doing    C.are;doing    D.will;be doing

23.Hardly______the bell______when the teacher came in.

   A.did;ring    B.would;ring    C.has;rung    D.had;rung

24.It______and the streets were still wet.

   A.had been raining    B.rained    C.had been rained    D.would rain

25.The book______on the ground for ten minutes but no noe has picked it up.

   A.is lying    B.has lain    C.lay    D.has been lying

26.We______there when it______to rain.

   A.were getting;would begin    B.were about to get;began

   C.had got;had begun           D.would get;began

27.The teacher said we______ten lessons by the end of this term.

   A.should have studied    B.were going to study

   C.have studied           D.should study

28.——she told me she had met you in London last year.

   ——______you______her since?

   A.Had;met    B.Did;see    C.Would;meet    D.Have;seen

29.——When______again?

   ——When he______,I’ll let you know.

   A.will he come;will come    B.will he come;come

   C.he comes;comes            D.will he come;comes

30.Tom______for more than a week.

   A.has left    B.had gone away    C.went away    D.has been away

31.——What happened to her teeth?

   ——She______the apple more than she could chew.

   A.has bitten    B.bit    C.had been bitting    D.bites

32.Shakespeare was said______37 famous plays in his lifetime.

   A.finishing writing    B.to finish writing

   C.having written       D.to have written

33. ——You’ve agreed to go.So why aren’t you getting ready?

    ——But I______that you______me to start at once.

    A.don’t realize;want      B.don’t realize;wanted

    C.haven’t realized;want   D.didn’t realize;wanted

34. ——I missed the lecture last night. 

    ——Oh,what a pity!I wish______.

    A.you heared it           B.you had heard it

    C.you never heard it      D.you hadn’t heard it

35.I’ll return the book to the library as soon as I______it.

   A.finished    B.am going to finish    C.will finish    D.have finished

36. ——Your phone number again?I______quite catch it.

    ——It’s 9586442.(NMET)

    A.didn’t    B.couldn’t    C.don’t    D.can’t

37. ——I’m sorry to keep you waiting.

    ——Oh,not at all.I______here only a few minutes.

    A.have been    B.had been    C.was    D.will be

38.When I was at college.I______three foreign languages,but I______all except a few words of each.

   A.spoke;had forgotten         B.spoke;have forgotten

   C.had spoedn;had forgotten    D.had spoken;have forgotten

39.The new secretary is supposed to report to the manager as soon as she______.

   A.will arrive    B.arrives    C.is going to arrive    D.is arriving (NMET)

40. ——Who is Jerry Cooper?

    ——______?I saw you shaking hands with him at the meeting.(NMET)

    A.Don’t you meet him yet      B.Hadn’t you met him yet

    C.Didn’t you meet him yet     D.Haven’t you met him yet

41. ——We could have walked to the station.It was so near.

    ——Yes,a taxi______at all necessary.(NMET)

    A.wasn’t    B.hadn’t been    C.wouldn’t be    D.won’t be

42.We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time.What do you suppose______to her?(NEMT)

   A.was happening    B.to happen    C.has haqqend    D.having happened

43.On Saturday afternoon,Mrs Green went to the market,______some bananas and visited her cousin.(NMET)

   A.bought    B.buying    C.to buy    D.buy

44.As she______the newspaper,Granny______asleep.(NMET)

   A.read;was falling           B.was reading;fell   

   C.was reading;was falling    D.read;fell

45.I______the bad cold for a week,still I can’t get rid of it.

   A.caught    B.have caught    C.have    D.have had

46.I______the time______so quickly.

   A.didn’t realize;had passed    B.don’t realize;passed 

   C.haven’t realized;passed      D.hadn’t realized;had passed

47.——My watch______twelve o’clock.It’s so late. ——Let’s hurry up.

   A.is said    B.says    C.is told    D.tells

48.Helen______her key in the office so she had to wait her husband_____home.(NMET)

   A.has left;comes    B.left;had come   C.had left;came    D.had left;would come

49.The pen I______I______is on my desk,right under my nose.(NMET)

   A.think;lost    B.thought;had lost    C.think;had lost    D.thought;have lost

50.——Jane has just arrived. ——I didn’t know she______.

   A.is coming    B.was coming    C.had been coming    D.will come

 

动词时态、语态专练答案

1-5    C A D D C    6-10  B B C A D    11-15  B A A C C    16-20  C A A B A

21-25  B D D A D    26-30 B A D D D    31-35  B D D B D    36-40  A A B B D

41-45  A C A B D    46-50 A B C B B                         

 

 

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