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紫霞仙客的博客

我和我的女儿 我和我的学生

 
 
 

日志

 
 

高中英语写作句型与部分模板  

2009-10-19 13:02:03|  分类: 英语语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一、基本句式

短文写作中使用率最高、覆盖面最广的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,考生可根据自己的情况选择其中的1-2个,做到能够熟练正确地仿写或套用。

1. 表示原因

(1)There are three reasons for this.  (2)The reasons for this are as follows. 

(3)The reason for this is obvious.  (4)The reason for this is not far to seek. 

(5)The reason for this is that… (6)We have good reason to believe that…

例如:There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life. Firstly, people’s living standard has been greatly improved. Secondly, most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like. Last but not least, more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 

注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。

如:Great changes have taken place in our life. 

There are three reasons for this. 这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误

2. 表示好处

(1)It has the following advantages.  (2)It does us a lot of good. 

(3)It benefits us quite a lot.  (4)It is beneficial to us.  (5)It is of great benefit to us. 

例如:Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better, and they can open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore, reading extensively is of great benefit to us. 

3. 表示坏处

(1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.  (2)It does us much harm.  (3)It is harmful to us. 

例如:

However, everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television. 

4. 表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

(1)It is important(necessary, difficult, convenient, possible)for sb. to do sth. 

(2)We think it necessary to do sth.  (3)It plays an important role in our life. 

例如:Computers are now being used everywhere, whether in the government, in schools or in business. Soon, computers will be found in every home, too. We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age. 

5. 表示措施

(1)We should take some effective measures. 

(2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.  (3)We should do our utmost in doing sth. 

(4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted (faced)with. 

例如:The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious. Therefore, we must take some effective measures to solve it. 

6. 表示变化

(1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years. 

(2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications. 

(3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 

例如:Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years. The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays, more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein, and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins. 

7. 表示事实、现状

(1)We cannot ignore the fact that… (2)No one can deny the fact that…

(3)There is no denying the fact that…

(4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.  (5)However, that’s not the case. 

例如:We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution. The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment. 

8. 表示比较

(1)Compared with A, B…(2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV. 

(3)There is a striking contrast between them. 

例如:Compared with cars, bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable. Firstly, they do not consume natural resources of petroleum. Secondly, they do not cause the pollution problem. Last but not least, they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical  exercise. 

9. 表示数量

(1)It has increased(decreased)from… to…

(2)The population in this city has now increased(decreased)to 800, 000. 

(3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January. 

例如:With the improvement of the living standard, the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased. 

再如:From the graph listed above, it can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000. 

10. 表示看法

(1)People have(take, adopt, assume)different attitudes towards sth. 

(2)People have different opinions on this problem.  (3)People take different views of(on)the question. 

(4)Some people believe that…Others argue that…

例如:People have different attitudes towards failure. Some believe that failure leads to success. 

Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers. 

再如:Do “lucky numbers really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it. 

注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。

11. 表示结论

(1)In short, it can be said that … 2)It may be briefly summed up as follows. 

(3)From what has been mentioned above, we can come to the conclusion that …

例如:From what has been mentioned above, we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary, however, its method should be improved. 

注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用于文章结论段的第一句。

12. 套语

(1)It’s well known to us that … (2)As is known to us, …

(3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.  (4)From the graph(table, chart)listed above, it can be seen that … (5)As a proverb says, “Where there is a will, there is a way.

例如:

As is well known to us, it is important for the students to know the world outside campus. 

The reason for this is obvious. Nowadays, the society is changing and developing rapidly, and the campus is no longer an “ivory tower”. As college students, we must get in touch with the world outside the campus. Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate. 

再如:Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.

二、如何提高你的作文档次?

模板1:观点对比

    The topic about … is becoming more and more popular in our school recently. There are two sides of opinion about it.

Some students prefer to consider doing sth.(Some students say … is their favorite.) they think that… (理由一).What’s more, …(理由二). Moreover, … (理由三)

However, others believe … is a better choice for three reasons. (然而,其余的人认为做某事是一种较好的选择,有三个方面的理由) to begin with, … (理由一). Next, …  In addition, …

From my point of view, the former is surely a wise choice. The reason is that…(或者用:As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that…(依我来看,我坚决支持这种观点… that引导同位语从句)

模板2:好处与坏处的对比

In recent years, … has been popular. There are many advantages in….   First, … Second, ….   Third, …

However, there’re some disadvantages. …. (之一). Besides, ….(之二). Also, …. (之三)

In my opinion, it is true that advantages are more than disadvantages.(依我看,的确是好处多于坏处) I think…

One big advantage of … is that… / One obvious advantage of … is … / Finally, …

While it is true that … has many advantages, it is also important to realise that…(虽然某事确实有许多好处,但是意识到……也很重要。

模板3: 问题与建议

In recent days, we have to face a problem that… (近来,我们面临这样一个问题… that 引导同位语从句).

解决办法:With the help of modern technology, we now have many means to solve it. By doing… , we can…   What’s the most important is that…

结论:in a word, it is clear / obvious that…   Only when… can we….

模板4: 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。

1. 有一些人认为……  2. 另一些人认为……  3. 我的看法……

    The topic of ①____________(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②____________(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③(理由二). Moreover, ④_____________(理由三).

    While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly, ⑤_________(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥______________(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦_____________(理由三).

From my point of view, I think ⑧__________(我的观点).The reason is that ⑨__________(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .

模板5:给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

   Some people believe that ①____________(观点一). For example, they think ②___________(举例说明). And it will bring them ③_______________(为他们带来的好处).

In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④__________(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤____________(反对的理由之二).

Form all what I have said/In a word/In conclusion, I agree to the thought that ⑥__________(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).

 

模板6:解决方法题型

要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径

1. 问题现状

2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)

  In recent days, we have to face a problem A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, _________(说明A的现状). Second, ___________(举例进一步说明现状)

  Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, _____________(解决方法一). For another thing ____________(解决方法二). Finally, ______________(解决方法三).

    Personally, I believe that ____________(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ______________(带来的好处).

模板7:说明利弊题型

这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)

1. 说明事物的现状

2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)

3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

    Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ___________(A的优点之一). Besides _____________(A的优点之二).

But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that _______________(A的第一个缺点). To make matters worse,_______________(A的第二个缺点).

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to _______________(我的看法). 

【模拟试题】

书面表达:(A)

    一家宾馆新开业,为吸引外国宾客,希望在互联网上进行宣传,请你用英语为其写一篇文字介绍。主要内容应包括:

  1.地点:距白山入口处500米;

  2.房间及价格:     单人间(共20间),100元/天;

    双人间(共15间),150元/天;热水淋浴;

  3.餐饮:餐厅(中、西餐),咖啡厅(茶、咖啡);

  4.游泳池:全天免费开放;

  5.欢迎预订。

    注意:

  1.词数100左右,开头语已为你写好;

  2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

    Welcome to Baishan Mountain Hotel

    Baishan Mountain Hotel is now open for business.________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

 

(B)

    假设你是王晓明,请根据你校美化校园的规划,用英语给你在美国的笔友Peter写一封短信,介绍该规划。短信的主要内容如下:

    规划目的:美化校园、净化空气 创造良好的学习和生活环境 规划内容:种植花草树木 建一个植物园,供参观、实践  建一个小花园,供休息、读书  建几座名人雕塑,激励师生

    注意:

  1.短信的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

  2.词数:100左右

  3.参考词汇:                      雕塑―statue (n.)

    植物园-botanical garden (n.)

Dear Peter,

    I would like to tell you that our school has worked out a new program.

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

    Welcome to our school if you have any chance.

                                                                 Yours,

                                                             Wang Xiaoming

试题答案

Possible version:

(A)

Welcome to Baishan Mountain Hotel

Baishan Mountain Hotel is now open for business.

    Our hotel stands 500 meters away from the entrance to Baishan Mountain.It has 20 single rooms and 15 double rooms, all with hot showers.A single room is 100 yuan and a double room 150 yuan for one night.You are advised to book in advance.The hotel serves three meals a day and there are Chinese food and western food for you to choose from.You can also enjoy yourself at the café drinking tea or coffee in the evening.We also have a swimming pool, which is open all day and free of charge.

    All are welcome!

(B)

Dear Peter,

    I would like to tell you that our school has worked out a new program.The purposes of the program are to make our school more beautiful, to make the air cleaner and fresher, and to turn our school into a better place for us to study and live in.

    According to the program, we will plant different kinds of trees, flowers and grass in and around our school.A botanical garden will be built for us to visit and practice in.Besides, we are to build a small garden in which we can do some reading and take a rest.What’s more, some statues of famous people will be set up to encourage us to work harder.Don’t you think it a wonderful program?

    Welcome to our school if you have any chance.

Yours,

Wang Xiaoming

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