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紫霞仙客的博客

我和我的女儿 我和我的学生

 
 
 

日志

 
 

新目标七年级 第一册要点  

2009-10-21 22:12:54|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

1. 26个字母,大小写,读音,音标,缩略词,前面冠词搭配

1). ABC, a.m., p.m, CD, VCD, CEO, ET, B, H, m, km, mm, g, kg, WTO, SOS, SARS, VIP, WHO, UN, NBA, W.C., TV, PRC, UK, USA,

2). a story, an interesting story a man, an old man, an honest man, an unusual man

3). an hour, an apple, an orange, an egg, a university,

4). a “P”, a “U”, an “S”, an “I”, an “R”

2. be动词的用法:am, is , are

1). I am a middle school student. 我是一个中学生。在第一人称单数后用am.

2). You are a teacher. 你是一个老师。在第二人称,不管单复数,都用are.

3). Tom and Mike are brothers. 汤姆和麦克是兄弟。主语是复数时,用are.

4). Both Jane and Cherry are good at English. 两个人都擅长于英语。both…and… 用are.

5). She is my friend. 她是我的朋友。第三人称单数,用is.

6). The book is very interesting. 这本书很有趣。物品单数也用is.

7). The food is very delicious. 食物很好吃。 不可数名词一律用单数。

8). The city we live in is fascinating. 我们居住的城市很迷人。 主语是城市,单数,用is.

9). Not only Jane but also Cherry is good at English. 不但…而且,not only…but also…句型中be动词取决于第二个主语。

10). There is a net bar near my home. 我家附近有一个网吧。单数。

11). There are more than 200 teachers in our school. 我们学校有2百多老师。复数。

3. 人称代词

主格 I you he she it we you they

宾格 me you him her it us you them

I am an English teacher. My students call me Mr. Chen. 我是个老师,学生们叫我陈老师。

She is a kind old woman. All of us like her. 她是一个和蔼的老太太。大家都喜欢她。

Both of them are from UK. They both come from UK. 他们两个人都来自英国。介宾。

Edison’s mother found him a clever boy. Edison’s mother found that he was a clever boy. 爱迪生的妈妈发现他是个很聪明的孩子。第一个句子,他是宾语,第二个句子中,它使后面的从句的主语。

4. 物主代词

形容词性 my your his her its our your their

名词性 mine your his hers its ours yours theirs

1).This is my bike. The bike is mine. 这是我的自行车。

2).Who’s the boy over there? Do you know his name? 那个男孩子是谁?你知道他的名字吗?

3).I love my motherland as much as yours. 我爱我的祖国与你的一样深。

4).May I use your pen? Yours works better. 我可以用一用你的钢笔吗? 你的比我的好用。

5).All parents love their children. My parents love theirs too. 所有的父母亲都爱他们的孩子,我的父母亲也爱他们的孩子。

A friend of mine visited me yesterday and we had a long chat about our school days. 我的一个朋友昨天来找我,我们在一起说了很多关于我们在学校的生活的话题。

5. What: 什么,代词,形容词,连词,感叹词

1). What’s her telephone number? 他的电话号码是多少?

2). What are you doing? 你在做什么?

3). “What has happened?” She asked. She asked what had happened.她问道,发生了什么事呢?

4). What time is it? What’s the time? 几点啦?

5). I believe what she told me. 我相信她所告诉我的话。(引导宾语从句)

6). What a fine day! 多好的天气啊!

6. 名字:

英文里一般名字有三个:first name, middle name, last name. 其中 first name 就是他们的名字(given name), last name 就是他们的姓(family name), middle name 一般略去。

Tomas Smith: Tomas 是名字,Smith 是姓。

First name 往往还有昵称。比如:Tom is short for Tomas.

称呼一般放在姓氏的前面。比如,我们称呼David Black 为Mr Black, 而不是 Mr David.

7. number: 号码,数

1)number: 号码,放在数字前, Number 5 或 No. 5. What’s your number? I am Number 28.

2)The number of: …的数量,谓语动词用单数:The number of the students in our class is fifty-six. 我们班的学生数量是56。

3)A number of: 很多,A number of students like playing computer games. 很多学生喜欢打电脑游戏。

8. How 的用法

1).用在问候语中。如:How do you do? (你好!)这是初次见面时的问候语,答语也用How do you do?

2).用来询问身体健康状况,意为"怎么样"。如:-How is your mother? -She is very well. 你妈妈身体怎么样?她很好。

3). 用来询问做事的方式或手段,意为"怎样"。如:-How do you come to school? -By bike. 你怎样来上学?骑自行车。

4). 用来询问动作的执行的程度,意为"怎么样"。如:-How do you like this book? -Very much. 你觉得这本书怎么样?非常喜欢。How’s the weather? It’s fine. 天气怎样?很好。

5). How about...?意为"……怎么样?"相当于What about...?,用来询问情况或征求意见。How about playing football?踢足球怎么样?

My father is a teacher. What about yours? 我的父亲是位老师,你父亲呢?

6). how old 意为"多大",用来询问年龄。如:-How old are you? -I’m eleven. 你多大了?我十一岁。

7). how many/much 意为"多少",用来询问某物的数量。how many 用来对可数名词提问, how much 用来对不可数名词提问。如:How many pears are there on the table?桌上有多少个梨?How much bread do you want?你想要多少面包?

8). how much 意为"多少钱",用来询问价格。如:-How much are these things? -Ten yuan. 这些东西多少钱?十元。

9). how long 意为"多久,多长",既可以用来询问时间有多久,又可以询问某物有多长。如:-How long does it take you to do your homework every day? -About two hours. 你每天做作业要花多长时间?大约两个钟头。-How long is this street? -About two hundred meters. 这条街有多长?大约两百米。

10). How far: 多远,提问两地之间的距离 -How far is it your home to school? About two kilometers. 你家里学校多远?大约两公里。

11).How often: 多经常,对时间频度的提问 -How often do you chat online? -Once a week? 你多经常上网聊天?-每周一次。

12). How soon: 过多久,-How soon will your brother come back? -In a week. 你兄弟什么时间会回来?一个礼拜后。

13). 感叹词,引导感叹句,后跟形容词 How interesting the story is! 这个故事多有趣啊。

10. where 的用法:

1)表示疑问,在哪里,对地点提问 Where are my glasses? I can’t find it. 我的眼镜在哪里?我找不着。

2)定语从句引导词,先行词为地点名词,从句中缺状语

This is the place where we used to play basketball. 这就是我们以前经常打篮球的地方。

11. 一般疑问句:Yes/No 问句

一般疑问句有两种:

1)一种是由be动词引导的疑问句。其结构是“be+主语+其它部分?”肯定回答用“Yes,主语+be.”,否定回答用“No,主语+be+not.”。be和not可用缩写形式。

—Is this your English book? 这是你的英语书吗? —Yes,it is. 是的,它是。

-Are you reading the book you bought yesterday? -No, I am not.你在看你昨天买的书吗?不。

2)第二种形式是由助动词或情态动词引导,其结构是“助动词(情态动词can)+主语+动词原形+其它部分?”肯定回答用“Yes,主语+情态动词(或do).”否定回答用“No,主语+情态动词(或do)+not.”。情态动词或助动词也常用缩写形式。

—Can you spell your name? 你会拼写你的名字吗? —Yes,I can. 是的,我会。

-Would you like to go to my party on Friday night? –Yes, I’d love to. 你愿意参加我礼拜五的聚会吗?是的。

-Have you finished writing the composition? –NO, I have’t. 你写完了作文了吗?不,还没有。

-Do you like hamburgers? –Yes, I do. 你喜欢汉堡吗?是的。

对一般疑问句的回答也不一定是一律不变的。肯定回答可用OK./Certainly.等,否定回答可用Sorry./Sorry,I can`t.等。

12. this, that, these, those 指示代词

1).this(这个)that(那个), these(这些), those(那些)既可以充当限定语,也可以做代词

This girl is Mary. This is Mary.

This is my backpack, that is yours.

Those women are teachers. Those are teachers.

2).this ,that可用于打电话用语,指我与对方。

Hi, May I speak to Clinton? This is Tom speaking. 我可以找克林顿通话吗?我是汤姆。

Who is that speaking? 你是谁呢?

3). that 用于指代前面提到的不可数名词

In winter, the weather in Quanzhou is much warmer than that in Beijing.

4). 定语从句的先行词that, those, 其中that 指物,those 指人或物

She admires that which looks beautiful. 他欣赏外表美的东西。

He admires those who write good stories. 他欣赏那些能写好故事的人。

5). that可以引导宾语从句,可以省略

He said that Jenny would come to the party soon. 他说甄妮一小会儿就回来。

6) that可以引导定语从句,代替which或who.

I like the music that I can dance to. 我喜欢我可以跟着跳舞的音乐。

 

#日志日期:2006-4-10 星期一(Monday) 晴

 

评论人:走向世界 评论日期:2006-4-13 1:13

13. when 的用法

 1).作疑问副词,常引导一个特殊疑问句,表示“什么时候”。如: When did they live there?他们什么时候住在那儿?When is spring in China?在中国,春季是什么时候?

 2). 连接连词,表示“当……的时候”引导时间状语从句 When the lights are red, the traffic must stop. = The traffic must stop when the lights are red. 当交通灯变成红色的时候,来往车辆必须停下来。

3). When在引导时间状语从句时,用一般现在时表将来。

When you jump the queue, other people won’t be pleased. 当你插队时,其他人将会不高兴。

14. 动词的分类

从其含义来分,动词可分为实义动词、连系动词、情态动词、助动词乏义动词。如:

1). 实义动词:go 去 play 玩

2).连系动词(后常跟形容词作表语):be 是 become 成为 look: 看起来 feel: 感觉起来 taste: 尝起来 sound听起来,

3).情态动词:can 能 must 必须 may可以 need需要 should应当

4).助动词:do(+动词原形,构成疑问句或否定句等) have(+动词过去分词), be(+现在分词或过去分词), will(+动词原形)

15. 助动词

1). be 作为助动词,用来构成进行时态和被动语态。

We are working hard in the garden.(构成现在进行时) 我们在花园里辛勤劳动。

The house was painted purple.(构成被动语态) 房子被刷成紫色的。

2). do 作为助动词,用来构成疑问句、否定句、强调句。

如:Do you live in Shanghai?(构成疑问句)你住在上海吗?

 I don't like to have hamburgers.(构成否定句)我不喜欢吃汉堡包。

 Do come please.(构成强调句)一定要来。

3). have 作为助动词,用来构成完成时态。

如:Have you finished the work?(构成现在完成时)你的工作完成了没有?

4). shall 和 will 作为助动词,用来构成将来时态。

如:I will call you this evening.(构成一般将来时)今晚我会打电话给你。

 What shall we do next week? 下个星期我们做什么?

16. dictionary: 字典 查字典:look up a word in a dictionary a living dictionary: 活字典,

 If you don’t know the meaning of a word, you can look it up in a dictionary. 如果你不认识一个单词的意思,你可以查字典。

17. in English:用英语 She can talk and write in English. 她会用英文说和写。

 What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说?(What do you mean by this?)

18. family:家庭 集体名词,看作单位时作为单数,看作所有成员时,作为复数

 1). My family is very large. 我家很大。(一个单位)

 2). My family has lived in the village for about 30 years. 我家住在这个村庄差不多30年了。(一个单位)

 3). My family are all fond of going to the movies. 我们家的人都喜欢去看电影。(单位内的所有的成员)

19. thanks for:因为…感谢 thanks to: 多亏了,由于

 Thanks for the photo of your family. 谢谢你给的你们家的照片。

 Thanks for your help, I have finished the work on time. 谢谢你的帮助,我终于按时按成了工作。

 Thanks to the satellite, we can receive the live sports program. 多亏了人造卫星,我们才可以看到现场直播的体育节目。

20. much: 很多的(形),很,非常(副),许多(名词)

 1). 很多的,形容词:We have much homework to do today. 今天我们有很多作业要做。

 2). 很,非常,副词:Thank you very much. 非常感谢。 He talks too much. 他讲得太多。

 3).修饰比较级,表示程度很大:It’s much better to have a rest than to go for a picnic. 好好休息一下比去野餐好多了。

 4). 名词,许多:There is much to be done. 还有很多需要做的。

21. bring, take, carry

1). bring意为“带来,拿来”,指把某物或某人从另一个地方带到说话的地方来,也可以说是“由远及近”。 Bring me your dictionary tomorrow.明天把你的词典给我拿来。

 2). take(带走)意为把某物或某人从说话的地方带到另一个地方去,也可以说是“由近及远”,常和介词to构成搭配。例如:Can you help me take the books to the classroom? 你能帮我把这些书带到教室去吗?

 3). carry意思是“提、扛、搬、携带”,意思较多,但没有方向性。

 Will you please carry the box for me? 你替我扛那个箱子好吗?

22. 方位介词:in, on, under, between, behind, next to, in front of

1). in :在某个空间里面,或一个比较大的地点in the room在房间里There is a knife in the box. 盒子里有把小刀。in China在中国 in the third row在第三排,in the middle of在…中部

2). on在某个东西的表面,有接触面,或朝向, 或表示范围之外却有接触面的 on the desk在桌子上on the wall在墙壁上 on the right在右边 Guangdong Province is on the southeast of Guangxi. 广东省在广西省的东南方位。

3). under在…下面 under the table在桌子底下 Where are my shoes? They are under the bed. 我的鞋子呢?在床下。

4). behind: 在…后边 I sit behind Lin Tao in the class. 在班上,我坐在洪涛后边。

5). next to: 紧靠着 The bookstore is next to the music store. 书店紧靠着音像店。

6). between: 在…之间: between the bank and the library在银行和图书馆之间 There will be a basketball match between the four classes. 在我们四个班级之间将有一场篮球赛。(每两个对打)

7). in front of: 在…前面(方位以外,反义词behind) There is a tall tree in front of our classroom. 我们教室外有一颗很高的树。 He sat in the front of the bus to get a good view of the village. 他坐在汽车前部,为了更好的看乡村的风景。

23. 时间介词: in, on, at, during,

1). in根一段相对较长的时间,表示在某段时间期间,如,in the morning在上午 in 1990在1990年,in后也表示将来某一段时间,用于将来时,如,in five years再过五年,在五年内

2). on用于特定某一天,或用于某一天的上下午等,如,On Christmas Day在圣诞节 on weekend在周末 on the morning of March 8th在3月8日的早上 on a rainy day在一个下雨的天里

3). at用于钟点前,at five o’clock在五点钟 at eleven thirty在11点半 或某一个期间内 如,at that time在那个时间 at noon在中午

4). during: 在…期间 during the holiday在假期间 He fell asleep during the lesson. 他上课期间睡着了。



评论人:走向世界 评论日期:2006-4-13 8:32

24.collection:收藏品(不可数名词) sports collection 体育收藏品 stamps collection 邮票

25. some, any:

1). 两个都可接可数名词何不可数名词表示一些时,some一般用于肯定句,any一般用于否定句与疑问句

 There are some books and a pen on the table. 桌子上有一些书还有一根笔。

 I have hardly any coffee left. 我没剩下什么咖啡了。

 Do you have any questions about the text? 关于这个课文你们还有什么问题吗?

2). 在请人吃东西还有请求别人时,some也用于疑问句

 Would you like some tea? 喝点茶吗?

 Could you please give me some ink? 给我一些墨水好吗?

3). 当表示任何一个时,或用在if引导的条件句里,any也用于肯定句

 If you have any questions, please ask me. 如果你们有任何问题,请问我。

26. have 动词:表示拥有,得到,经历,已经(助动词)

 1). 有:Do you have a dictionary? = Have you got a dictionary? 你有字典吗?

 2). 构成短语:have a rest休息have a swim去游泳 have a meeting 开会 have sports进行体育运动 have breakfast吃早餐 have a talk听演讲have a look看一看 have a drink喝点东西 have a good time玩得开心

3). 助动词,构成现在完成时:I have written two letters today. 我今天写了两封信。

4). 使役动词:have sb do sth: 允许某人做某事

I won’t have you say such things. 我不允许你说这样的话。

5). have sth done(过去分词):使某事让人去做了

I’ll have my hair cut tomorrow. 我明天要去理发。(让人把头发理掉)

-Did you have anyone water the trees? 你让人给树浇水了吗?

-Yes, I have the trees watered. 是的,我让人把树给浇了。

27. do 动词:做,实行,实义动词,助动词

 1). He does his homework at home every evening. 他每天晚上在家做作业。does, 做,行为动词

 2). He doesn’t do his homework at home every evening. 他每天晚上没有在家做作业。doesn’t助动词,帮助构成否定式, do行为动词

 3). Does he do his homework at home every evening? 他每天晚上在家做作业吗?does ,助动词,帮助构成一般疑问句, do行为动词

 4). He knows how to drive a car, doesn't he? 他知道如何开车,对吧?助动词,帮助构成反义疑问句

 5). Don’t be so careless. 不要再这么粗心了。帮助构成反意祈使句。

28. welcome:欢迎,感叹词,形容词,动词,名词

1). Welcome! 欢迎!Welcome back! 欢迎回来!Welcome home!欢迎回家! Welcome to our school! 欢迎到我们学校!

 2). You’re welcome! 你是受欢迎的;不客气(回答感谢用语)She is a welcome teacher. 她是因为受欢迎的老师。

 3). Let’s give him a warm welcome. 让我们给他一个热烈的欢迎。

 4). 不能说Welcome you to our school! 只能说,You’re welcome. Welcome to our school. We welcome you.

29. more: 更多的;用于多音节形容词前构成比较级;

 1). 更多的:We have many clubs: basketball, volleyball, ping pong and more. 我们有更多的俱乐部,篮球,排球,乒乓球等等更多。I have more time than you. 我有比你更多的时间。

 2). 更:I think our city is more beautiful than yours. 我想我们的城市比你们得更漂亮。

 Tom writes more carefully than Tim. 汤姆比蒂姆写得更认真。

 3). 放在some, any或数量词后表示再多:We need one more (another one) basketball player. 我们需要再多一个篮球运动员。-Do you need some more? -No, I am full. 你需要再来点吗?不,谢谢,我饱了。

 4). more and more: 越来越English becomes more and more important. We must work hard at it. 英语变得越来越重要了。我们必须努力学习。

 5). not …any more: 不再: Annie doesn’t live here any more.安妮不住在这里了。

30. join: 加入

1) join + 团体,组织,区别于take part in + 活动

Come and join us! 来加入到我们中来!(团体)

He joined an English club last term. 他上个学期参加一个英语俱乐部。(团体)

 Did you take part in the sports meeting last week? 你参加了上周的运动会了吗?(活动)

2) join in :参加活动 join sb in doing sth: 和某人一起参加某项活动

Will you join me in playing the game? 你将和我一起玩游戏吗?

3) join为短暂性动词,跟一段时间连用时用be in

eg. 林和参军两年了。

Lin He joined the army two years ago. Lin He has been in the army for two years.

31.fun, funny

 1). fun: 乐趣,名词:供娱乐用的,形容词 Have fun! 玩得开心。 Just for fun. 开玩笑。

 What fun it is ! 多么有趣啊。 It’s fun to do sth. 做某事很有乐趣

 2). funny: 搞笑的,滑稽的:I heard such a funny joke last night. 我昨晚听到这么一个滑稽的故事。

32. interest, interesting, interested

 1). interest: 趣味,兴趣,嗜好(名词),激起…的兴趣(动词)

 Eating seems to be his only interest in life. 吃似乎是他生活中唯一的爱好。

All the subjects don’t interest him at all. 所有的学科都无法激起他的兴趣。

 2). interesting: 有趣的,修饰事物的特征: The TV play is very interesting. 这部电视剧很有趣。

 3). interested: 令人感兴趣的. be interested in对…感到兴趣: I am interested in the TV play. 我对电视剧很感兴趣。

33. boring, bored

 1). boring: 令人厌烦的 This is a boring meeting. 真是个无聊的会议。He is a boring man. 他是个让人烦的人。

 2). bored: 厌倦的,无聊的 I feel bored at the boring TV play. 我对这么无聊的电视剧厌烦。

35. relaxing, relaxed

 1). relax: 放松,动词 Don’t worry about it, just try to relax. 不要担心,放松点。

 2). relaxing: 令人放松的,主动意义I think dancing is a good relaxing way. 我想跳舞是个很好的恶消闲方式。

 3). relaxed: 感到放松,He is relaxed when he returns from his vacation. 他正从度假回来她感到和激动。



评论人:滴答猪 评论日期:2006-4-13 19:13

 看到眼睛麻木叻......

评论人:走向世界 评论日期:2006-4-13 22:09

哈哈。上来不少同学,你是第一个在这里注册留言的同学。

欢迎嘀嗒猪到来。

的确,这个空间也很不理想。格式、字体和背景都自己无法控制。嘿。只能凑合着啦。平时看一看,等到周末在打印出来。

评论人:走向世界 评论日期:2006-4-14 0:34

35. every day, everyday

 1) every day: 每天,副词 I walk to school every day. 我每天走路去上学。

 2) everyday: 每天的,日常的,形容词 This is an everyday dress. 这是一套便服。

36. everyone, every one

 1).everyone: 每个人 Everyone in the class passed the exam. 这次考试班上每个人都过了。Everyone is here. 每个人都在这儿。

2). Every one :每个人,或东西,后可能of 短语: I know every one of them. 我认识他们中的每一个人。His books are wonderful. I have read every one of them.他的书很精彩,每一本我都读了。

37. sale, sell

 1). sell: 动词,卖He sold the old bike to me. 他把旧自行车卖给我。

 2). sale:名词,销售,大减价促销 The shoes shop is having a sale this week. 这家鞋店本周减价销售。

 服装打折30%.

They sell the clothes at a discount of 30%. Clothing sale are Real Mall. 30% discount.

38. breakfast, lunch, supper, dinner,

 1). 三餐前不加冠词:Tom, it’s time for breakfast. 汤姆,该吃早餐了。

2). 吃饭:have或eat Kate usually has lunch at school. 凯特通常在学校吃午餐。

3). 吃…做晚餐 have … for supper, dinner: She has chicken, tomatoes, French fries for dinner. 他吃鸡肉、马铃薯还有薯条做晚餐。

39. 可数名词与不可数名词

1).可数名词有单复数之分,可以加冠词a(an), 也可以末尾加复数:a factory, some

2). factories,不可数名词没有单复数之分,要表达数量关系时,复数加在量词上,如,两杯咖啡two cups of coffee, 一瓶墨水a bottle of ink, 两条建议 two pieces of advice

3). 常考的不可数名词:food (食物),furniture(家具) clothing(衣服)news (消息)advice(建议)information(信息) knowledge(知识) homework (家庭作业)work (工作)学科名称:maths, physics, geography

40. 名词的复数

1). 一般加s: desk-desks map-maps bridge-bridges

2). s, x, sh, ch结尾加sh, 如:box-boxes, watch-watches,

3). 辅音字母+y,去y +ies, 元音字母+y, 直接+s: strawberry-strawberries, toy-toys

4). 以f, fe结尾的,去f,fe+ves: leaf(树叶)-leaves, knife-knives

5). 以o结尾,tomato-tomatoes, tomato-tomatoes, 其余+s: photo-photos

6). 不规则:man-men, woman-women, child-children, tooth-teeth, foot-feet, mouse-mice(老鼠)

7). 合成词的复数:当修饰语为man或woman时,前后都改为复数,如,a woman teacher-women teachers, a man doctor-men doctors, 但是,a girl student- girl students, a shoe shop- shoe shops

41. 名词的所有格

 1). of所有格: 无生命的事物,用of+名词:一张我家的照片a picture of my family 书名the name of the book

 2). 单数+’s: 麦克的钢笔 Mike’s pen 那个男孩的母亲the boy’s mother

 3). 末尾以s结尾的(包括单词本身,也包括复数)+‘ 我的老板的办公室 my boss’ office 女子学校 girls’ school 学生餐厅 the students’ dinning room

 4). 比较:Children’s Day, Women’s Day, Teachers’ Day

 5). 两个人共同拥有的,后一个名词后+’S,分别拥有的,分别+’s:Tom and Jack’s room (一间房间) Tom’s and Jack’s room (两个房间)

 6). 表示时间的,距离的也可在其后直接+’s:今天的报纸 today’s newspaper 一周的时间 a week’s time半小时的走路的路程 half an hour’s walk 十五分钟的开车的路程 fifteen minutes’ ride

41. health, healthy

 1). health: 健康,名词 Walking after supper is good for our health. 饭后散步对健康有利。

 2). healthy:健康的,形容词 It’s important to keep healthy. 保持健康很重要。You look healthy. 你看起来很健康。

42. 数词:基数词,序数词

 1). 基数词:eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, nineteen, twenty, twenty-one, forty, fifty, ninety, hundred, thousand, million

156: one hundred and fifty-six

1980: one thousand nine hundred and eighty(数字), nineteen eighty(时间)

5千:5 thousand thousands of :成千上万 (×) 5 thousands或5 thousand of

2). 编号:第一课 Lesson One the first lesson 第三单元 Unit 3或the third unit

 608房间 Rom 608 温陵路16号 16 Wenlin Road

 3). 序数词:first, second, third, fourth, fifth, ninth, twelfth, twentieth, twenty-first, one-hundredth, one hundred and first

 4). 分数:基数词+序数词(s) 1/3 one-third 2/3 two-thirds 1/2 one-half 3/4 three-quarters three-fourths

43. 时间表达法

 1). 一年12个月:January, February, March, April, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2). 月,日,年或日,月,年,其中日用序数词表达:1990年9月6日 September 6th, 1990. 念做:September the sixth, nineteen ninety. 6th September. 1990 念做:the sixth of September, nineteen ninety

 3).钟点表达法:9点15分:nine fifteen fifteen past nine 9点半 nine thirty half past nine 11点45分:eleven forty-five fifteen to twelve

 4).年代表达法:in the 1960s在二十世纪60年代

 46.价格的表达法

 1). We have great bags for just 4 yuan. 我们有很好的包,就4元钱。

 2). buy sth for six dollars. (= buy sth at six dollars.) 用6美元买某物

 3). pay…for: Tom paid 10 yuan for the book. 汤姆花了10元钱买这本书。

 4). spend…on(in doing )… Kate spent 150 yuan on the new skirt( in buying the new skirt). 凯特花了150元买了这条新裙子。

 5). at a very good price用一个很好的价位

47. each, every:每个都

1) each可以当主语等,也可以当定语;each更侧重于个体;Each has his/her hobby. 每一个人都有他/她的嗜好。Each of the students was asked a question. 每一个学生都被问了一个问题。We each have a school ID card. 我们每个人都有一个校卡。 Each guest was given a nice present. 每一位宾客都受赠一份精美的礼物。

2) every只能充当定语,侧重于整体:I know every teacher. 我认识每个老师。 Every man has his weak side. 每个人都有弱点。

48. 反身代词:myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves,themselves

小心点用刀子,否则你会切着你自己。Be careful with that knife, or you’ll cut yourself.

我们不能把这个爷爷奶奶单独留下。We can’t leave grandparents by themselves.

孩子们,请随便吃些鱼吧。Please help yourselves to some fish.

在昨天瑪丽的聚会上我们玩得很开心。We enjoyed ourselves in Mary’s party yesterday.

49. and, but ,or

1). and: 并列,肯定,和 I like thrillers and I like actions movies. 我喜欢恐怖片,而且我也喜欢动作片。Work hard, and you’ll catch up with others. 努力点,你就会赶上其他同学。

2). or, 否定连接词There is no air or water on the moon. 月球上没有空气和水。Hurry up, or we’ll be late. 快点,否则我们就会迟到的。

3). but用于转折 Maria likes comedies, but she doesn’t like soap opera. 瑪丽亚喜欢喜剧片,但她不喜欢肥皂剧。-Excuse me. Do you have a table for two﹖ -I'm sorry but there aren't any seats now.Would you mind waiting for a while? 请问,有没有两个人的桌子?对不起,现在没有位置。稍等一会介意吗?

4). -I don’t like chicken or fish. –I don’t like chicken, but I like fish very much.

我不喜欢鸡肉和鱼。 我也不喜欢鸡肉,但是我很喜欢鱼。

50. make a …of…

1). make a list of food to buy. 列个要卖的食品清单make a list of books. 一个图书的清单

 2). make a note of what you buy or sell对你买进或卖出的东西作个记号 make notes做笔记



评论人:葬禮 评论日期:2006-4-15 19:25

老师啊.. 偶看的眼睛累死了 这是第一课的重点语法 只要掌握这些吗? 其他的要吗?

评论人:舞降剑 评论日期:2006-4-15 20:02

东西挺多的嘛,来灌水,顶!

不过把比较重要的文章加星号把,太多了都不知所措了,不知该读那个好

评论人:走向世界 评论日期:2006-4-16 2:27

51. go的短语

1). go + Ving:go shopping去购物 go hiking去远足 go swimming去游泳 go skating去滑冰 go fishing去钓鱼 go sightseeing去观光旅游 go camping去野营 go bike riding骑自行车旅行

2). go home回家 go to school去学校 go to a movie去看电影 go to work去上班 go to bed去睡觉 go for a drive开车兜风 go for it去努力吧 go on doing sth 继续做某事

52. day, date

 1). date: 具体的日期,I remember the date of your birthday. 我记得你的生日。

 2). day:泛指日子,I will never forget the day when I met you. 我永远也不会忘掉我运到你的那一天。

 3). 提问日期:-What’s the date today? -It’s April 15. 今天几月几号?4月15日。

 提问星期:-What day is it today? -It’s Saturday. 今天礼拜几?星期六。

54. festival: 节日

 1). 国外节日:Christmas (圣诞节,December 25th ), Christmas Eve (圣诞前夕,December 24th ),Hallowmas(万圣节, November 1st ), Halloween (万圣节前夕,October 31st ), Valentine’s Day (情人节,February 14th ), April Fool’s Day (愚人节,April 1st ), Mother’s Day (母亲节,the 2nd Sunday in May)

 2). 公共节日:New Year’s Day (元旦) Children’s Day (儿童节) , Women’s Day (妇女节) Youth’s Day (青年节)Labor’s Day (劳动节) Army’s Day (建军节)National Day (国庆节)

 3). 中国传统节日:Spring Festival (Chinese New Year, 春节),Mid-autumn Festival (中秋节)

 4). 校园节日:art festival (艺术节)

55. hurry 赶紧,动词,名词

 1). 赶快,动词:Hurry up, there is not much time left. 快点,没有多少时间剩下了。

 2). 匆忙,名词:You always seem to be in a hurry. 你看起来总是那么匆匆忙忙。

56. people: 人,人们,集合名词,表复数概念,谓语动词用复数,还可以民族、人民。

 1). 复数名词:How many people are there in your family? 你家有几口人呢?Some people like basketball and other people like football. 有些人喜欢篮球,另外一些人则喜欢足球。

 2). 可数名词,the people: The Chinese is a hard-working people. 中国人是个勤劳的名族。

57. study, learn

 1). study: 学习,研究,(高层次的事物)I am studying art. 我正在学习艺术。

 2). learn: 学习(侧重于技能型的事物),学会Have you learnt to swim? 你学过游泳吗?

 He studied hard and at last learned the lesson. 他努力学习,最终学会了这一课。

58.kind 种类,名词;和蔼的,形容词

1). 种类:a kind of一种 kinds of :各种各样的  What kind of movies do you like? I like action movies and comedies. 你喜欢哪种类型的电影?我喜欢动作片和喜剧片。

2). 和蔼的,友善的:My grandmother is a very kind woman. 我的奶奶是一个非常善良的女人。Be kind to animals. 善待动物。

59. want to do sth. 想要做某事

1). Do you want to go to a movie? Yes, I want to see a comedy. 你想去看电影吗?是的,我想去看一部喜剧片。

2). 接动词不定式充当宾语的动词还有:would like, start,begin, agree,hope, decide,afford, agree, arrange, expect, happen, hope, learn, manage, mean, plan, pretend, promise, refuse, wish, seem等:

Would you like to have dinner with me tonight? 你愿意今晚和我一起共进晚餐吗?

I hope to go to college. 我希望上大学。

60. let sb do sth:让某人做某事 let后接不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。

 1). Let’s play basketball. 让我们打篮球吧。Let each man decide for himself. 让每个人自己决定吧。

 2). see,watch,hear,feel,notice,make,let,have,help等)后不带to的不定式作宾补:

They heard him sing a pop song in the meeting room. 他们听到他在会议室唱过流行歌曲。

61. enjoy doing sth: 特别喜爱做某事,享受做某事的乐趣

 1). The twin brother always enjoy going to the concert. 这对双胞胎总是对音乐会兴致勃勃。

 2). 以下动词一般跟Ving作宾语:finish, keep, practice, mind, keep, give up, put off, practice

 I practice reading English every morning. 我每天造成练习读英文。

 You must give up smoking. It does no good to your health. 你必须戒烟。对健康不利。

62. too, either, also, as well也

 1). too: 一般用于肯定句句末;有时也用插入句中:She likes classical music, too. 他也喜欢古典音乐。You, too, may have a try. 你也可以试一试。

 2). also: 比较正式的用法,一般用于主谓之间:He also wants to go to a movie. 他也想去看电影。

 3). either: 否定的也;两者中的任何一个:If you don’t go, I won’t either. 如果你不去,我也不去。 There’s coffee and tea. You can have either . 这儿有咖啡和茶。你可以任选一种。

 4). as well :副词短语,其义为“也”,相当于too,它一般放在句末,有时和连词and或but搭配使用。He is a worker,and a poet as well. 他是工人,同时也是诗人。 Mr. Liu can speak English, but he can speak Cantonese as well.刘先生会说英语,但他也能讲广东话。

63. look, see, watch看

1). look: 看,look at sth看某物 look at the blackboard看黑板 I am looking at the picture. 我正在看图。

2). see: 看见,看的结果see a film看电影, see a doctor看医生 I looked but saw nothing. 我看了看,但没看到什么。

3). watch: 注意看的对象:watch TV看电视, watch a football game看球赛 I am watching the boy. 我注视着这孩子的行动。

4). 其他看的表达:看书read a book 看杂志:read a magazine 看杂志:read a magazine

64. look for , find, find out

 1). look for: 寻找:I am looking for my glasses. 我在找我的眼镜。

 2). find: 找到:My English book is lost. I have looked for it everywhere, but I still can’t find it. 我的英语书丢了, 我到处找,但是找不着。

 3). find out: 查明:The police found out the thief at last. 警察最终查出了小偷。

65. think的用法

1). 后常接that从句表明某人观点:

I think it’s necessary to do so. 我认为有必要这么做。

2). 否定的转移

I don't think you've met my daughter . 我想你大概没有见过我的女儿吧。

 3). 复合句的反意疑问句的构成:取决于think的主语。当主语是第一个称(I, we)时,反意疑问句的主语应与宾语从句的主语保持一致。否则,与主句主语保持一致。

 I think he is right , isn't he ?

 We don't think you can do these exercises alone ,can you ?

 They don't think I'm right , do they ?

 4). 双重疑问句, 也就是do you think的插入语,原来的疑问句当作有do you think的从句处理(即疑问词+do you think +主语+…)

 Which of them do you think is the most useful invention? 什么是你认为最有用的发明?

 What do you think we should do to work out the problem? 你认为我们该怎么解决这问题呢?

 5). Sb + think + it + adj. + (for sb) + to do sth.

 I think it important for us to learn english well. 我认为对我们来说学好英语很重要。

 6). think of : 想及,考虑,想出

 I'm thinking of studying medicine .我正考虑学医。

 What do you think of the movie? 这部电影怎样?

66. finish: 完成,结束

 1). What time does the movie finish? 电影什么时候结束?Classes finish at half past eleven. 11点半下课。

 2). finish doing sth: I have finished writing the English composition. 我写完了英语作文。

67. same, different

 1). same: 同样的,the same, at the same time(同时), the same as…

 We have lived in the same house for 3 years. 我们住在同一栋楼3年了。

 The boy has made the same mistake as last time. 那个男孩犯了和上次同样的错误。

 2). different: 后常接名词复数, 常与介词from连用:

We study in the same school but different classes. 我们在同一所学校读书,但不同班级。City life is very different from country life. 城市生活和乡村生活很不一样。

68. favorite: 特别喜爱的

 -What’s your favorite sport? -My favorite sport is volleyball. 我最喜爱的运动是排球。

 Oranges are my favorite fruit. 桔子是我特别喜爱的。

69. listen(to) ,hear, sound

 1). listen: 听,They stopped to listen, but there was no more sound. 他们停下来听,但是没有更多的声音。

 2). hear:听到 Can you hear what I said? 你能听到我所说的话吗?

 3). sound:听起来 The idea sounds great. 这个主意听起来不错。



评论人:走向世界 评论日期:2006-4-16 2:28

70. in构成的短语

in the 17th century 在第十七世纪 in the past fifty years 在过去的五十年里 in a minute 一会儿,立刻 in a month 一个月后 in life 一生中 in the day 在白天 in the end 最后,终于 in time 及时

in school 在学校 in space 在空间 in the middle of 在……当中 in the north (south) 在北(南)方 in front of 在……前面 in hospital 住院 in public 当众,公开地in the sky 在天上 in the street 在街上 in the tree 在树上 in town 在镇上 in those days 在那些日子里 in trouble 处于困境(苦恼)中

in a word 总结 in fact 事实上 in some ways 从某种方式上来说 in a hurry 匆忙

in a loud voice 大声地 in a low voice 低声地 in English 用英语 in order to 为了 in surprise 惊奇地

71. a few, a little, few, little

 1). a few: 几个,修饰可数名词 There are a few mistakes in your test paper. 你的考卷上有几个地方的错误。

 2). a little: 一点,修饰不可数名词 Don’t be so nervous. We still have a little time. 不要这么紧张,我们还有一些时间。

 3). few: 几乎没有,修饰可数名词:The text is quite easy, there is few new words in it. 这篇文章不难,没有什么新单词。

 4). Little: 几乎,不可数 Although he 's wealthy,he spends little on clothes. 虽然他很富有,他花很少前在衣服上。

72. success, successful, secceed

 1). success: 成功(名词)If you want to be a success in business you must be aggressive.

如果你想在生意上获得成功,你必须有点闯劲。

 2). successful: 成功的(形容词)Li An is a successful movie director. 李安是个成功的电影导演。

 3). succeed: 成功(动词)I am sure she will succeed. 我相信她会取得成功的。

73. speak, say, tell, talk

 1). speak: +语言;不及物动词:

What language does Bill speak? He speaks Spanish. 比尔说什么语言?西班牙语。

The baby can’t speak. 这个小婴儿还不会说话。Who is going to speak at the meeting?

 2). say: 及物动词,表示说话的内容, say sth to someone, say to oneself

 When you want someone to help you, you should say “Please” to him. 当你想要别人来帮你时,你应该对他说“请”。

 It is said that it will be fine tomorrow. 据说明天会天晴。

 3). tell: tell sb sth; tell sb to do sth; tell jokes(笑话)stories,lies(撒谎)the truth(真相)

 Please tell your parents the good news. 请把这个好消息告诉你的父母亲。

 4). talk: 谈论,不及物动词,talk to/with sb, talk about sth

 We are talking with them about the way of learning English. 我们一直在和他们讨论学英语的方法。

74. 乐器名称:drum(鼓), trumpet(喇叭), violin(小提琴), piano(钢琴), guitar(吉他)

75. 音乐类型:rock, country music, pop music, classical music, rap music 拉普音乐, jazz music

76:运动名称:Kung Fu,basketball, volleyball, table tennis, tennis, swimming , surfing, climb,

77: 电影类型:thriller 恐怖片 documentary纪录片 action movie动作片 comedy 喜剧片 tragedy悲剧片 war film战争片 Holleywood film 好莱坞电影学校活动:

78. 学校活动:speech contetst: 演讲比赛 volleyball game: 排球赛

What events do you have at school? We have an Art Festival each year. 你们学校与那些活动?我们每年有一个艺术节。

79. always, usually, often, sometimes, never

 1). always: 总是I will always remember my first day at school. 我将永远记住我上学的第一天。

 2). usually: 通常,程度次于always How do you usually go to school? By bike.

 3). often: 经常 On our birthday, we often get the same presents. 在我们生日时,经常会收到同样的礼物。

 4). sometimes: 有时 She usually gets to school on time, but sometimes she is late. 通常她都很早到校的,有时也会迟到。

 5). never: 从来没有 He always goes fishing, but he never catches anything. 他老师去钓鱼,但从来没有钓到什么东西。

80. wear, put on, dress, be in

 1). wear: 穿着,表状态 He wears a blue T-shirt today. 他今天穿这一件蓝色的T恤。

 2). ut on : 穿上:He put on his coat and went out. 他穿上外套出去了。

 3). dress: 给某人穿上,be dressed in : She likes to dress her daughter up as an angel. 她喜欢给他的女儿穿红衣服,把她打扮成小天使。

 4). be in +颜色: The girl is in a purple dress. 小女孩穿着一条紫色的裙子。

81. 国家,国籍,国家的人,语言

国家 国籍(形容词) 人民(名词) 语言

China Chinese Chinese Chinese

Japan Japanese Japanese Japanese

America American American English

Canada Canadian Canadian English, French

Australia Australian Australian English

Korea Korean Korean Korean

England English English English

France French French French

Brazil Brazilian Brazilian Portuguese

 

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