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高中英语必修3 Unit 1 Festivals around the world1  

2010-01-02 09:54:51|  分类: 高一英语必修3 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高中英语必修3  Unit One  festivals

 

课件地址:

http://swfa.ekunet.cn/kj001/001_6570_65139927480_35555.swf

 

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

 

 

 

高中英语必修3   Unit 1  Festivals around the world1 - 紫霞仙客 - 紫霞仙客的博客

  1.      Unit 1  Festivals around the world

2.      Teaching aims of this unit

Talk about festivals and celebrations

Talk about the ways to express request and thanks

Learn to use Modal verbs    Write a similar story with a different ending

3.      Sentence patterns:

Request:

 Could/ Would you please…?   Could I have…?   Could we look at…?

I look forward to…   May I see…?     Thanks:      It’s very kind of you…

Thank you very much/ Thanks a lot.   I’d love to.      It was a pleasure…

  Don’t mention it.     You are most welcome.

4.      Modal verbs:

May might, can could will would  shall should  must  can

 

   The first period     Speaking

  1. Teaching aims:
  2.  Vocabulary: take place, lunar, festival, Army Day, Christmas, dress up

 Phrases: Would you like …   Could I have…?   Might I offer help…?   May I see…?

        You should try…Could we like at…         Can you suggest…?   We might take…

Teaching Procedures

Step I Leading in

T: Hello, everybody! Welcome back to school! Did you have a good time in your winter holidays?

Ss. Yes. Of course!

T: When did you feel most happy and excited?    Ss: At the Spring Festival.

T: Who can tell us why? Any volunteers?

S1: Because it is the most important festival in our country.

S2: Because I got a lot of lucky money from my parents.

S3: Because I needn’t study at festivals and there was a lot of delicious food to eat. How great.

S4: Because I met my cousins and friends who I hadn’t seen for a long time.

T. Very food! I am glad to hear that. Today we will talk about festivals, which are meant to celebrate important events. Please think about some other festivals. Can you name just a few?

Ss: New year, Yuan xiao festival…

:T: Quite right. That’s called the Lantern’s  Festival. How  about some other festivals?

Ss: The Army Day, International Labour’s Day, National Day, Tomb Sweeping Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-autumn Day…

T: You have done a good job, boys and girls! .

Step ⅡWarming –up

Festivals are meant to celebrate important events. Different countries have different festivals. Work in groups and lost five Chinese festivals that you know. Discuss when they take place, what they celebrate and one thing that people do at that time. The first one is given to you as an example.

 

Festivals

Time of year/date

What does it celebrate

What do people do

Mid-Autumn Festival

Autumn/Fall

The beauty of the full moon, harvest, time with family and friends

Give/Eat mooncakes and watch the full moon with family and friends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step Ⅲ Pre- reading

  Discuss in groups of four

1.      What’s your favourite holiday of the year? Why?

2.      What festivals or celebrations do you enjoy in your city or town? Do you like spending festivals with your family or with friends? What part of a festival do you like best---the music, the things to see, the visits or the food?

 Step ⅣAssignment

1.      Consolidation

2.      Listening to the material again after class to be familiar with it.

3.      Homework: Collect as much information about festivals as possible.

 

Added material:

  Thanksgiving Day

Fourth Thursday in November is celebrated as ‘Thanksgiving Day’ People thank God for his blessings. People can ‘Thank’ friends, foes and anyone for the experiences, happiness and sunshine they bring into their lives. Pilgrims celebrated the first Thanksgiving Day in America during the second winter in the new world. The first winter had been bad as nearly half of the people had perished due to lack of food and bad weather. But the following year, with the help of Indians who showed them how to plant Indian corn, the pilgrims had successful harvest. Governor William Bradford decided that December 13, 1621 be set aside for feasting and prayer. The Indians were invited to share the festival. Since than, Thanksgiving Day is been celebrated in America. However, it was only in 1941, the Congress in a joint resolution named the fourth Sunday in November as the official Thanksgiving Day.

 

Dating back, it is known that the Council thought to appoint and set apart the 29th day of June, as a day of Solemn Thanksgiving and praise to God for his Goodness and Favour. The First Thanksgiving Proclamation was however on June 20, 1676. The governing council of Charlestown, Massachusetts, held a meeting to determine how best to express thanks for the good fortune that had seen their community securely established. By unanimous vote they instructed Edward Rawson, the clerk, to proclaim June 29 as a day of thanksgiving, It is also known that the Pilgrims set ground at Plymouth Rock on December 11, 1620. Their first winter was devastating. At the beginning of the following fall, they had lost 46 of the original 102 who sailed on the Mayflower. But the harvest of 1621 was a bountiful one. And the remaining colonists decided to celebrate with a feast -- including 91 Indians who had helped the Pilgrims survive their first year. It is believed that the Pilgrims would not have made it through the year without the help of the natives The feast was more of a traditional English harvest festival than a true "thanksgiving" observance. It lasted three days.

 

Thanksgiving, as we know it today, has come a long way from the Pilgrim's harvest festival in 1621. It is an event that seems, as each year goes by, to reinvent itself and to expand its meaning to larger vistas. Maybe this is the real significance of the occasion; for as we continue to change and grow as a people, there are an increasing number of things for which we can be thankful.

 

Halloween

The ancient Druids 督伊德教(古代高卢人与不列颠人的一种宗教)的教徒 who inhabited what we now call Great Britain placed great importance on the passing of one season to the next, holding "Fire Festivals" which were celebrated for three days (two days on either side of the day itself). One of these festivals was called Samhain (pronounced Sha-Von) and it took place on October 31 through to November 1. During this period, it was believed that the boundaries between our world and the world of the dead were weakened, allowing spirits of the recently dead to cross over and possess the living. In order to make themselves and their homes less inviting to these wayward spirits, the ancient Celts(凯尔特人)would douse (插入水中, 把弄熄, 弄湿)all their fires. There was also a secondary purpose to this, after extinguishing all their fires, they would re-light them from a common source, the Druidic fire that was kept burning at Usinach, in the Middle of Ireland.

Samhain was considered to be a gateway not only from the land of the dead to the land of the living, but also between Summer and Fall/Winter. For the Druids, this was the last gasp (喘息, 气喘)of summer (it was also the Celtic New Year), so therefore they made sure it went out with a bang before they had to button down (把...弄清楚)for the winter ahead.

They would dress up in bizarre costumes and parade through their villages causing destruction in order to scare off any recently departed souls who might be prowling (巡游)for bodies to inhabit, in addition to burning animals and other offerings to the Druidic deities(神, 神性). It is also a popular belief that they would burn people who they believed to be possessed, but this has largely been debunked (揭穿, 拆穿假面具, 暴露)as myth.

This tradition was later brought to the North American continent by Irish immigrants who were escaping the Potato Famine in their homeland. In addition to the festival itself, the immigrants brought several customs with them, including one of the symbols most commonly associated with Halloween -- the Jack 'O Lantern.

According to Irish folklore, there once lived a man named Jack who was known for being a drunk and a prankster(顽皮的人, 爱开玩笑的人). One night Jack tricked the devil into climbing a tree, and quickly carved an image of a cross on the trunk, trapping the devil. Jack then made him promise that, in exchange for letting him out of the tree, the Devil would never tempt him to sin again. He reluctantly agreed, but was able to exact his revenge upon Jack's death. Because of his mischievous ways in life, Jack was barred from entering heaven and because of his earlier trick, he was also barred from hell. So he was doomed to wander the earth until the end of time, with only a single ember(灰烬, 余烬) (carried in a hollowed out turnip.[植]芜箐, 芜箐甘蓝) to warm him and light his way.

   In Ireland, they originally also used turnips for their "Jack Lanterns", but upon arriving in the new world, they discovered that pumpkins were abundant and easier to carve out.

 

Easter

 

On Good Friday, Jesus Christ was executed by crucifixion. His body was taken down from the cross, and buried in a cave. The tomb was guarded and an enormous stone was put over the entrance, so that no-one could steal the body. On the following Sunday, some women visited the grave and found that the stone had been moved, and that the tomb was empty. Jesus himself was seen that day, and for days afterwards by many people. His followers realised that God had raised Jesus from the dead.

Hot Cross Buns

   Hot Cross buns are still made all over England around Easter time. At one time, buns with a cross on them were made all through Lent. They were banned by Oliver Cromwell and brought back again at the time of the Restoration. For a time they were only available on Good Friday but now they can be bought during the month leading up to Easter. Whole meal hot cross buns are becoming more popular each year.

The Easter Egg

As with the Easter Bunny and the holiday itself, the Easter Egg predates the Christian holiday of Easter. The exchange of eggs in the springtime is a custom that was centuries old when Easter was first celebrated by Christians.

From the earliest times, the egg was a symbol of rebirth in most cultures. Eggs were often wrapped in gold leaf or, if you were a peasant, colored brightly by boiling them with the leaves or petals of certain flowers.

Today, children hunt colored eggs and place them in Easter baskets along with the modern version of real Easter eggs -- those made of plastic or chocolate candy.

 

O-bon Festival

 

Bon Dance

During o-bon, bon odori (folk dances) are held all over Japan. The kind of dance varies from area to area. People wearing yukata (summer kimono) go to the neighborhood shrine, temple, or park and dance around a yagura (stage) set up there. Anyone can participate in the dance. Join the circle and imitate what others are doing. Awa odori of Tokushima and bon odori at Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo are very famous.

Also, Toro Nagashi (floating paper lanterns) are held in some areas. On the evening of the 15th, people send off ancestor's spirits with a paper lantern, lit by a candle inside and floated down a river to the ocean. Fireworks displays (Hanabi-taikai) are often held during o-bon. It is  a typical Japanese summer scene to see hanabi.

Since o-bon is an important family gathering time, many people return to their hometowns during o-bon. Most businesses are closed during this time. Although it is crowded everywhere, it is common for many people take trips during o-bon, too. The beginning and end of o-bon are marked with terrible traffic jams. Airports, train stations, and highways are jammed with travelers. I recommend you do not travel around o-bon!

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