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Unit 2 The United Kingdom  

2010-01-22 20:53:33|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The 2nd Period (Language points)

Teaching Aims:

1.    Learn expressions & phrases

2.    Learn language points

Teaching Important Points:

Language points

Teaching Difficult Points:

Have /get sth. Done

Teaching Methods:

Presentation & Practice

Teaching Procedures:

Step I Revision

Retell the passage.

Step II. Expressions & phrases

Expressions & phrases (1)

  1. consist of                      由…组成
  2. divided into                    分开
  3. There is no need (for sb.) to do…
  4. debate about sth.          为…争辩(争论)
  5. refer to                  提及,谈到
  6. connect to /link to          连接
  7. as well (as )              也,还有
  8. to one’s (great) surprise    使…吃惊
  9. find sb./ sth. done (doing)   发现某人(物)处于某种状态下
  10. get sb. / sth. done         

11. break away (from)      挣脱

12. break down         (机器、车辆)坏

13. for convenience         为了方便 

14. be known as/ for /to /by 

15.keep one’s eyes open       睁大眼睛

16.make sth. worthwhile       使… 值得

17.leave out                 省去;遗漏;不考虑

18. find out                  发现

19. on the phone                   在电话里

20. be on holiday                  在度假

21. in memory of                  为了纪念

22. leave for                      动身去某地

23. ring out                       发出响声,响起

24. make a list of                   列出…的清单

25. pass through                    通过

26. be on show                     在展出

27. take the place of                 代替,取代

28. remain doing                   仍然在做…

29. on (special) occasions         在(特殊) 场合

30. feel / be proud of                为…而自豪       

31. fall asleep                      睡觉

Step IV. Language Points

  1. consist of = be made up of  由….组成 (没有进行时)

 eg: The UK consists of Great Britain and Northern

 Ireland.

=Great Britain and Northern Ireland make up the UK.

        The soup consists of tomatoes, meat and peas.

  consist in = lie in  存在与;在于(无被动形式)

 eg: The beauty of air travel consists in its speed

       and ease.

  consist with: 一致

   The report consists with facts.

2. 区别:

separate …from (把联合在一起或靠近的人或物分离出来)

divide…into  把…分开 (把整体分为若干部分)

 eg: The teacher divided the class into two groups.

 eg: The Taiwan Strait separates Taiwan from Fujian.

Ø       As we joined the big crowd, I got ______ from my friends.

   A. separated  B. spared  C. lost  D. missed

3. There is no need to do sth  没必要做某事

 eg: There is no need for you to help him.

        There is no need to worry at all.

4. debate about sth.

eg.    They debate about the proposal for three days.

 debate /argue/ quarrel

5. clarify: vt./vi. (cause sth. to )become clear or easier to understand  澄清;阐明;清楚;明了

eg.    I hope what I say will clarify the situation.

         Can you clarify the question?

6. be linked to  = be connected to /be joined to

Ø       This wire connects _____ that one.

   A. with      B. to         C. of        D. on

7. refer to

1)   提及,指的是…

 eg: When he said “some students”, do you think he

 was referring to us?

2) 参考;查阅;询问

 eg: If you don’t understand a word you may refer to

        your dictionaries.

       Please refer to the last page of the book for

        answers.

3) 关系到;关乎

 eg: What I have to say refers to all of you.

       This rule refers to everyone. 

Ø      It was foolish of him to _____ his notes during that

 important test, and as a result, he got punished.

  1. stick to  B. refer to  C. keep to  D. point to

reference: n.   reference book

8. join A to B  /link A to B      把A和B连接

 eg: The Channel Tunnel will join Britain to Europe

 by road.

9. included /including

10. name: n. v.

11. to one’s surprise

  (prep)

 “to one’s +名词” 表 “令某人…”

 常见的名词有 “ delight, disappointment,  enjoyment;

astonishment 等

 eg: I discovered, to my horror, that the goods were

       entirely unfit for sale.

       To John’s great relief they reached the house at

        last.

12. …found themselves united peacefully 

 “find +宾语+宾补( adj; adv; v-ing; pp; 介词短语;

                                不定式)”

 eg: A cook will be immediately fired if he is found

       smoking in the kitchen.

       You’ll find him easy to get along with.

       They found themselves trapped by the bush fire.

       When I woke up, I found myself in hospital.

       I called on him yesterday, but I found him out.

13. get sth done =have sth done 使某事被做

  eg: I'll just get these dishes washed and then I'll

        come.

   get + n. + to  do

   get + n. + doing

 eg. You’ll get her to agree.

        l’ll get the car going.

get done: 用于意想不到、突然或偶然发生,意为“被….”

Ø       Be careful when you cross this very busy street.

   If not, you may _____ run over by a car.

  A. have      B. get     C. become         D. turn

14. break away (from sb / sth) 脱离;破除…

 eg: It is not easy for him to break away from bad

       habits.

       The man broke away from his guards.

break down (会谈)破裂,失败;(汽车等)出故障;

                      (人的健康状况)变得恶劣;(情感)失控

eg. His car broke down on the way to work this

         morning.

   His health broke down under the pressure of work.

   He broke down and wept when he heard the news.

   Talks between the two countries have completely

   broken down.

区别:break in 闯入;打岔            break off 中断,折断

      break into 闯入               break out 爆发;发生

      break up 驱散;分散,拆散

Ø      News reports say peace talks between the two

   countries_____ with no agreement reached.

 A. have broken down   B. have broken out

 C. have broken in        D. have broken up

15. as well as  不仅…而且; 既…又… 

 eg: He is a teacher as well as a writer.

    The children as well as their father were seen

 playing football in the street.

16. relation: 关系;亲戚

eg. The cost of this project has no relation to the

       results.

    He is a close relation of mine.

17. convenience: n.方便;便利

   We bought this house for its convenience.

     convenient: adj.

     be convenient to sb.

Ø       come and see me whenever ___________.

  1.  you are  convenient  

B. you will be convenient

C. it is convenient to you

D. it will be convenient to you.

18. be known as  作为…(身份)出名

      be known for 因…而出名

      be known to 为…所知  

      be known by 根据… 得知

 eg:  Fu Biao is known to everyone as a good actor.

         He was known for his frankness.

19. attraction:

un. 1). 吸引;引力

cn. 2). 吸引人的东西;喜闻乐见的东西;精彩节目

Eg.   attraction of gravitation  重力

   He can’t resist the attraction of the sea on a hot  

   day.

   A big city offers many and varied attractions.

    What are the principle attractions this evening?

  attract : v.

  attractive: adj.

  unattractive: adj.

  attractively: adv.

20. influence  

1)    (v)  对…产生影响

 eg:  What influence you to choose a career in

 teaching? 

2) (可数n) 产生影响的人或事

 eg: He is one of the good influences in the school.

3) (不可数n) 影响

 eg: A teacher has great influence over his pupils.

21. invader: n. 入侵者;侵略者

invade: vt. 侵入;侵略;挤满;涌入

eg. Doubts invade my mind.

      Disease invades the body.

22. evidence (不可数n) 证据;迹象

    a piece of evidence 一项证据

  eg: He got many pieces of evidence from the

 internet for his theory.

 evidence: 指谋事的真伪

 proof:   指令人信服的、无可置疑的证据

 There wasn’t enough ________ to prove him guilty.

 His fingerprints were ________of his guilt.

23. keep one’s eyes open 睁大双眼

24. Which country is left out?

*leave out: 省略;遗漏;排除

eg: Do you know which word in this sentence has

 been left out?

   Don’t leave me out when you’re giving out the

 invitations!

25. take the place of 取代,代替  

    =take one’s place / replace

       in place of

       instead of         instead

      give place to 让位于…

      in place  / out of place  在适当/ 错误的位置

      a place of interest

 

Step VI Homework assignment

 

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